Happy Thanksgiving, Mr. President... Dimona Ben-Gurion John F. Kennedy Anniversary...
MossadGate: “NSA Prism” Mossad Spying Cousins Out of the Closet
Today we are Thankful for all that is ignored by our Dysfunctional Leaders and Media. We pay Trinbute to Kennedy while ignoring clues of a Mossad extermination of our beloved leader. Let us all glean the IDF “strength” and “courage” from the nuclear-tipped ICBS’s Kennedy never would have allowed Israel. Get up from the Thanksgiving table and feed your spending / credit addiction; the Jews on TV say so.
Two Robert Singer articles immediately below from thepeoplesvoice.org (rated #1 for alternative news by this website). Robert Singer
JFK: Paradox or Conspiracy?
By Robert Singer
The assassination of the President of the United States on national television by the “lone” assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald—who according to authorities used an obsolete bolt-action WWI rifle that was not capable of firing bullets fast enough to wound John F. Kennedy—who is then assassinated the next day by another “lone” assassin, is so stupid that whoever is behind the assassination didn’t expect you to believe it.
Why would the conspirators, with the ability to plan and manage the JFK Assassination—involving the CIA, FBI, Secret Service, Police Departments and Coroners offices in two cities—come up with such a senseless plan riddled with mistakes, anomalies and discrepancies (Errant Data)? And then, to add a feather to your tin-foil hat, inexplicably allow that same Errant Data to be exposed in the media ad nauseam for everyone to question for the last 50 years.
- Does anyone have an explanation for why the conspirators would come up with such a convoluted plan, when a much simpler plan would accomplish the same goal? If the goal was to simply kill the president, why not have it done by a rogue agent from the CIA, FBI or Secret Service? Anyone of those could have quickly killed, JFK in the middle of the night, out of sight of any witnesses or, in those days, cameras.
- Does anyone have an explanation for why the conspirators would allow the mistakes, anomalies, discrepancies and the holes in the “official story” [Errant Data] to find it’s way into the official institutional record and then allow that same data to be aired on national television for all to question?
- Does anyone have an explanation for how trivial it would have been for the conspirators to change or falsify the alleged discrepancy or anomaly and avoid the stupid “mistakes?” Consider how easy it would be for these master criminals to just keep the Errant Data from being aired on national television, compared to the magnitude of the criminal acts they are alleged to have committed.
Put another way, isn’t it obvious that the JFK Assassination was a conspiracy to make you believe in a conspiracy:
The CIA killed JFK; the Mob killed JFK; the CIA and the Mob working together killed JFK; last but not least, Fidel Castro contracted with the KGB to have JFK killed.
All of the conspiracy theories, except mine, ha-ha (The 1961 JFK Speech that Kicked the American Dream into High Gear), are nonsense but that’s not the point.
Writer Michael Morrisey believes it was. In The Transparent Conspiracy he writes that the leaders [conspirators] “failed on purpose, and he coined the phrase “Mass Psychology of Partial Disclosure. Morrisey makes a compelling argument that there exists a conspiracy [to make us believe in a conspiracy] that involves the controlled media disclosing the errant data concerning the government’s culpability in atrocities such as the JFK, MLK and RFK assassinations. Morrisey believes in the existence of a shadow government, The Powers That Be (TPTB, a non-conspiracy acronym) that orchestrates these well-managed conspiracies/cover-ups. 
Morrissey believes TPTB are fully aware that a well-managed conspiracy will intimidate, demoralize and alienate the population of “useless eaters.” TPTB, he claims, want us in a state of fear and helplessness so we won’t rise up and upset their plans for a New World Order. But, I am not so sure. Revisionist history has shown that none of the revolutions were actually popular uprisings. 
What if the solution to the JFK Conspiracy Theory Paradox is negative energy?
Few would deny that a well-managed conspiracy/cover-up, when executed in such a stupid way on National TV, caused 50 years of controversy and negative energy.
Negative Energy, it turns out, is key to the solution to the Sandy Hook Conspiracy Paradox. The latest lone-nut massacre at Newtown, the worst school shooting in U.S. history, was allegedly staged by FEMA with crisis actors and made to look like a joint government-media operation false flag event.
It is inconceivable that Adam Lanza, a scrawny, socially-awkward 20-year-old, could have shot 20 innocent children (and six adults) at the Sandy Hook Elementary School in less than five minutes with an assault rifle [still in the trunk of his car] and handguns that his cheerful, self-reliant mother purchased for self-defense and target shooting. Further, Lanza could not have shot anyone anywhere on December 14 because, according to the Social Security Death index, he died the day before on December 13.  Again, the contradictions, outright lies, photographic evidence, lack of photographic evidence, inconsistencies, weird statements and strange behaviors appear to be endless fodder creating Negative Energy for those simply trying to discern the truth.
The Sandy Hook Conspiracy Paradox
A conspiracy involving the CIA, FBI, police departments in two cities, the coroners office, crisis actors, FEMA, Homeland Security, and the Newtown Bee is a Paradox because someone from the CIA, FBI, police departments in two cities, the coroners office, crisis actors, FEMA, Homeland Security, and the Newtown Bee would have come forward, and buzzed the real truth about what really happened.
They Live is the key to solving the paradox. They Live is a movie about a nameless, unemployed drifter referred to as “Nada” (Roddy Piper), who discovers a special pair of sunglasses that allows him to see an alternate reality of a bleak world populated by humanoid aliens with grotesque skull-like faces who thrive on negative energy.
What proof do I have that They Live is the key to solving the paradox?
Answer: Until April 5, 2013 the 1988 American science fiction-horror film, They Live, directed by John Carpenter could be streamed or downloaded from a number of websites. 
They Live (Full movie)" was in the playlist below created by Buddy Huggins:
You can still find links to the full movie with a Google search, i.e.,
- They Live 1988 full movie - YouTube
Jan 16, 2013 - Uploaded by catsdonthavesouls - Fortress  [Full movie] by WasteofTimeLandTwo 58,694 views - 4:20. DAVID ICKE - Talks ...
- They Live (FULL VERSION) - YouTube
Mar 3, 2013 - Uploaded by aiynaiy
The making of They Live. by FilmMasterCarpenter 32,117 views; 2:02:59. BANDITS (2001) Willis ...
- They Live [Full Movie] HD - YouTube
Mar 30, 2013 - Uploaded by RealDamiani
Must see movie!!!! This is what the government is doing to us and you don’t even know it. Put on your glasses .
But alas, Believe, Universal Pictures, EMI Music Publishing and IODA, one or more are "Sorry" that all the links are dead. 
What happened in the beginning of 2013 that caused Universal Studios to remove the movie on copyright grounds so they could sell more copies of the DVD? Read on, the answer will surprise you.
Watch this six-minute clip from the movie to understand why They Live is the solution to the paradox.
All of the people involved in Sandy Hook: the CIA, FBI, police departments in two cities, the coroners office, crisis actors, FEMA, Homeland Security, and the Newtown Bee, are humanoids that experience an alternate reality that we can't see because we don’t have the right sunglasses.
Note that the Sandy Hook massacre, the worst school shooting in U.S. history, could never have been a false-flag Hoax with crisis actors, so Obama could get political support for a ban on assault weapons and water down the 2nd amendment. Why?
If the plan were to disarm American citizens by carrying out massacres like Sandy Hook, then you have to ask yourself, what’s the point? What are Americans doing during Obama’s full-scale attack on the 2nd amendment? Answer: They are arming themselves to the teeth.
- Colorado was flooded with a record 4,200 gun-buyer background requests.
Gun sales surged after the Connecticut Massacre.
- The Colorado Bureau of Investigation says it set a new record for single-day background check submittals this past weekend.
- In San Diego, Northwest Armory gun store owner Karl Durkheimer said Saturday "was the biggest day we've seen in 20 years. Sunday will probably eclipse that."
- In southwest Ohio, from dawn to dusk, a Cincinnati gun show had a line of 400 people waiting to get in, said Joe Eaton of the Buckeye Firearms Association. 
Note that Sandy Hook, like Aurora, Columbine and Tucson were never a conspiracy about gun control or mental health; they were however, a conspiracy to instill fear, anxiety, apprehension and foster feelings of fear, resentment and rage in order to create negative energy. The controversy and the negative energy generated by the debate over the 2nd amendment was a conspiracy to make us believe in a conspiracy to take away our guns. The humanoid population feeds off the conflict, controversy and negative energy.
Robert Singer writes about Secrets, Sentient Creatures and The Federal Reserve at The Peoples Voice and The Market Oracle. Mr. Singer is also a regular contributor to the home of Thought Provoking Articles and can be reached at email@example.com
 G. William Domhoff, a Research Professor at the University of California, Santa Cruz, first coined the non-conspiracy acronym TPTB (Who Rules America? 1967, The Higher Circles 1970, The Powers That Be (TPTB) 1979, Who Rules America Now? 1983).
 Singer, R. 2009. Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité – Providence, Miracle or What Really Happened The One World Government New World Order with only 500 million useless eater slaves, is one of the 33 Conspiracy Theories That Turned Out To Be True.
 Search Results
They live Full Movie!! [Archive] - eBaum's World Forum
forum.ebaumsworld.com › ... › Share & Discuss › Video Clips
Jul 19, 2007 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ERpnshyq0lE&mode=related&search= (assuming you know how ... View Full Version : They live Full Movie!
They Live - The Whole Movie on Youtube. - Godlike Productionswww.godlikeproductions.com/forum1/message468734/pg1
Nov 29, 2007 - 15 posts - 3 authors
Seems a lot of people really want to see this film...brings me back to my youth, typical cheezy 80's dialog, and terrible acting. However the plot ...
They live full movie free. A must see. - David Icke's Official Forumswww.davidicke.com › ... › Main Forums › General
Feb 28, 2011 - 11 posts - 6 authors
They live full movie free. ... YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. ... A great movie, for those that have seen it and a must for those who have not.
They Live - Full Length Movie - 1988 - Monstrous.comwww.monstrous.com/forum/index.php?topic=13075.0
Nov 7, 2011 - 3 posts - 1 author
John Carpenter's They Live (1988) – 1080p HD – Full Movie ...
Nov 20, 2012 - By far, the best Illuminati movie ever made! I like the Matrix too, but this is my favourite. Reply. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Enter your comment ...
Crime Robot — They Live - Full Movie - On YouTube What You'll...crimerobot.tumblr.com/post/33299186085
Oct 10, 2012 - They Live - Full Movie - On YouTube “ What You'll Recall of the Dream in the Morning A street preacher's warning and a pirate television ...
Thanksgiving: A National Day of Mourning
By Robert Singer
Thanksgiving commemorates the successful harvest and the time Pilgrims gathered to give thanks. The Pilgrims shared a feast with their Native American neighbors, who had made possible their survival in the New England wilderness.
Writers and textbook publishers of American history have generally omitted or, if mentioned at all, glossed over historic accounts of genocide and inhumane treatment of American Indian populations.
The mythology of the American Revolution, the Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights is a national story of great significance to the way the United States views itself.
“Come, Ye Thankful People, Come” written by Henry “Dean” Alford, the gifted Christian leader of the 19th century and distinguished theologian and scholar, is considered to be one of the finest harvest and Thanksgiving hymns in all of the hymnals of christian singing.
The United States of America was founded on the fundamental principle of freedom of religion. America’s Founding Fathers and Henry “Dean” Alford believed that religious freedom and a strong democratic system were inseparable — but only for Christians.
The Native Americans worshiped the Earth instead of Jesus Christ, and according to an interpretation of the 'Bible,' they had no soul. Therefore, early settlers believed it was OK with God to break our word, steal their land and slaughter them like the other sentient creatures we torture and kill so we can get a hamburger for a dollar. “The only good Indian is a dead Indian” was the battle cry as we let nothing stand in the way of our Manifest Destiny.
Unlike the societies of "civilized savages," the indigenous populations didn’t kill for land, resources and power. The Native Americans were brave warriors that fought hard to try to keep their families safe and worked together to share and provide food, clothing and shelter to people in need (like the Pilgrims).
Every Thanksgiving you will find Leigh Girl doing a live Peace Paint in memory of the Native Americans that were slaughtered then and throughout history.
She is sorry for what injustice has been done in the past to such a beautiful people.
“I myself am always sad on Thanksgiving when I think of the human rights violations committed against the indigenous populations all over the world, who only wanted to live in harmony with the Earth.” www.facepaint.ws.
Actually, the Native Americans presented other problems for the “white man” givers.
Native Americans held a special knowledge of the land and its inhabitants, and believed they were only a small part of the whole circle of life, and that each part of creation played a significant role in the contentment and survival of the other.
Native Americans accepted the divine idea that all things were equal and no animal, including man, held dominion over other parts of creation. Native Americans, also known as the People of the Land, traditionally and historically believed, humans were created to be caretakers of the garden - Mother Earth.
They held all things of creation sacred and respected Nature.
- Never take more than we need
- Thank Creator for what we have or what we will receive
- Use all of what we have
- Give away what we do not need
Native Americans were environmental communists.
If you enjoyed this article you might like reading
The Question of Questions
http://www.thepeoplesvoice.org/TPV3/Voices.php/2010/04/23/liberte-enlightente-entitleteLiberté, Egalité, Fraternité – Providence, Miracle or What Really Happened
Liberté, Enlightenté, Entitleté
Editor ~ we give thanks to our Jewish media for teaching us to shop early Thanksgiving and for 50-years+ ignoring Kennedy’s refusal to give nukes to the JDL, now known world-wide as a terrorist organisation…
Kennedy, Dimona, and Israel’s Deadly Secrets
May 5, 2010 by Ironlight
Mossad And The JFK Assassination
“Israel need not apologize for the assassination or destruction of those who seek to destroy it. The first order of business for any country is the protection of its people.”
Washington Jewish Week, October 9, 1997
In March, 1992, Illinois Representative Paul Findley said in The Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, “It is interesting – but not surprising – to note that in all the words written and uttered about the Kennedy assassination, Israel’s intelligence agency, the Mossad, has never been mentioned.”
Considering that the Mossad is quite possibly the most ruthless and efficient intelligence agency in the world, it is peculiar that they have never been scrutinized in relation to the Kennedy assassination, especially when practically every other entity in the world has been implicated. But that all changed in January, 1994 with the release of Michael Collins Piper’s Final Judgment. In this book, Piper says, “Israel’s Mossad was a primary (and critical) behind the scenes player in the conspiracy that ended the life of JFK. Through its own vast resources and through its international contacts in the intelligence community and in organized crime, Israel had the means, it had the opportunity, and it had the motive to play a major frontline role in the crime of the century – and it did.”
Their motive? Israel’s much touted Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, who ruled that country from its inception in 1948 until he resigned on June 16, 1963, was so enraged at John F. Kennedy for not allowing Israel to become a nuclear power that, Collins asserts, in his final days in office he commanded the Mossad to become involved in a plot to kill America’s president.
Ben-Gurion was so convinced that Israel’s very survival was in dire jeopardy that in one of his final letters to JFK he said, “Mr. President, my people have the right to exist, and this existence is in danger.”
In the days leading up to Ben-Gurion’s resignation from office, he and JFK had been involved in an unpublicized, contentious debate over the possibility of Israel getting nuclear capabilities. Their disagreement eventually escalated into a full-fledged war of words that was virtually ignored in the press. Ethan Bronner wrote about this secret battle between JFK and Ben-Gurion years later in a New York Times article on October 31, 1998, calling it a “fiercely hidden subject.” In fact, the Kennedy/Ben-Gurion conversations are still classified by the United States Government. Maybe this is the case because Ben-Gurion’s rage and frustration became so intense – and his power so great within Israel – that Piper contends it was at the center of the conspiracy to kill John Kennedy. This stance is supported by New York banker Abe Feinberg, who describes the situation as such: “Ben-Gurion could be vicious, and he had such a hatred of the old man [Joe Kennedy, Sr., JFK's father].” Ben-Gurion despised Joe Kennedy because he felt that not only was he an anti-Semite, but that he had also sided with Hitler during the 1930′s and 40′s.
Ben-Gurion was convinced that Israel needed nuclear weapons to insure its survival, while Kennedy was dead-set against it. This inability to reach an agreement caused obvious problems. One of them revolved around Kennedy’s decision that he would make America his top priority in regard to foreign policy, and not Israel! Kennedy planned to honor the 1950 Tripartite Declaration which said that the United States would retaliate against any nation in the Middle East that attacked any other country. Ben-Gurion, on the other hand, wanted the Kennedy Administration to sell them offensive weapons, particularly Hawk missiles.
The two leaders thus engaged in a brutal letter exchange, but Kennedy wouldn’t budge. Ben-Gurion, obsessed by this issue, slipped into total paranoia, feeling that Kennedy’s obstinacy was a blatant threat to the very existence of Israel as a nation. Piper writes, “Ben-Gurion had devoted a lifetime creating a Jewish State and guiding it into the world arena. And, in Ben-Gurion’s eyes, John F. Kennedy was an enemy of the Jewish people and his beloved state of Israel.” He continues, “The ‘nuclear option’ was not only at the very core of Ben-Gurion’s personal world view, but the very foundation of Israel’s national security policy.”
Ben-Gurion was so preoccupied with obtaining nuclear weapons that on June 27, 1963, eleven days after resigning from office, he announced, “I do not know of any other nation whose neighbors declare that they wish to terminate it, and not only declare, but prepare for it by all means available to them. We must have no illusions that what is declared every day in Cairo, Damascus, and Iraq are just words. This is the thought that guides the Arab leaders … I am confident … that science is able to provide us with the weapons that will serve the peace and deter our enemies.”
Avner Cohen, in Israel and the Bomb, published by Columbia University Press, reinforces this sense of urgency by writing, “Imbued with lessons of the Holocaust, Ben-Gurion was consumed by fears of security … Anxiety about the Holocaust reached beyond Ben-Gurion to infuse Israel’s military thinking.” He further adds fuel to this point by pointing out, “Ben-Gurion had no qualms about Israel’s need for weapons of mass destruction,” and “Ben-Gurion’s world view and his decisive governing style shaped his critical role in instigating Israel’s nuclear progress.”
Kennedy, on the other hand, was adamant in his refusal to promote Israel’s ascension to the nuclear stage. Avner Cohen, in Israel and the Bomb, stresses, “No American president was more concerned with the danger of nuclear proliferation than John Fitzgerald Kennedy. He was convinced that the spread of nuclear weapons would make the world more dangerous and undermine U.S. interests.” Cohen continues at the end of this passage, “The only example Kennedy used to make this point was Israel.”
Realizing that Kennedy would not change his mind, Ben-Gurion decided to join forces with Communist China. Both countries were greatly interested in creating nuclear programs, and so began their secret joint dealings. Working in unison through intermediary Shaul Eisenberg, who was a partner of Mossad gun-runner and accountant Tibor Rosenbaum, Israel and China proceeded to develop their own nuclear capabilities without the knowledge of the United States.
If you find this scenario improbable, I strongly urge you to read Gordon Thomas’ excellent book, Seeds of Fire, where he exposes how the Mossad and CSIS (Chinese secret service) have conspired on many occasions to not only steal American military secrets, but to also doctor U.S. intelligence programs such as the Justice Department’s PROMISE software. This instance, I am afraid to say, is but the first where echoes of the JFK assassination can still be felt today reverberating through our post 9-11 world. The danger of Israel developing the Bomb in unison with China became a highly volatile situation, and was closely monitored by the CIA.
Intent on pursuing this path, the Israelis constructed a nuclear facility at Dimona. When Kennedy demanded that the U.S. inspect this plant, Ben-Gurion was so incensed that he erected another PHONY facility that held no evidence of nuclear research and development. Fully aware of their shenanigans, though, JFK told Charles Bartlett, “The sons of bitches lie to me constantly about their nuclear capability.”
Avner Cohen, in Israel and the Bomb, reiterates this claim by saying that Ben-Gurion had taken the nuclear issue so closely to heart that he, “concluded that he could not tell the truth about Dimona to American leaders, not even in private.”
Dr. Gerald M. Steinberg, political science professor at Bar-Ilan University’s BESA Center for Strategic Studies in Tel Aviv, weighs in by saying, “Between 1961 and 1963, the Kennedy administration placed a great deal of pressure on Ben-Gurion in the effort to pressure for acceptance of international inspection of Dimona and Israeli abdication of their nuclear weapons. This pressure apparently did not alter Israeli policy, but it was a contributing factor to Ben-Gurion’s resignation in 1963.”
To convey how serious this situation had become in modern terms, look at what is happening in Iraq with United Nations security teams inspecting the royal palaces and bunkers for nuclear weapons and materials. This matter is so urgent that our nation is on the verge of war. Forty years earlier, the heat that JFK was placing on Ben-Gurion was equal to what George Bush is laying on Saddam Hussein today. [The difference being, of course, that Iraq never actually possessed weapons of mass destruction, and the intelligence which said they did came from Israel.]
In Israel and the Bomb, Avner Cohen reinforces this point. “To force Ben-Gurion to accept the conditions, Kennedy exerted the most useful leverage available to an American president in dealing with Israel: a threat that an unsatisfactory solution would jeopardize the U.S. government’s commitment to, and support of, Israel.”
The pressure on Ben-Gurion was so immense that he ended up leaving office. But Kennedy, in true pitbull style, didn’t let up on Ben-Gurion’s successor, Levi Eshkol, either, as Avner Cohen reports. “Kennedy told Eshkol that the U.S. commitment and support of Israel ‘could be seriously jeopardized’ if Israel did not let the U.S. obtain ‘reliable information’ about its efforts in the nuclear field. Kennedy’s demands were unprecedented. They amounted, in effect, to an ultimatum.” Cohen concludes this thought by asserting, “Kennedy’s letter precipitated a near-crisis situation in Eshkol’s office.”
In the end, as we’re all aware, Kennedy was assassinated in November 1963; but less known is that China conducted its first nuclear test in October, 1964. What makes this event more profound is Piper’s claim that even though Israel said its first nuclear tests took place in 1979, they actually occurred in October, 1964 along with the Chinese! If this is true, other than August, 1945 when the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, October 1964 may possibly be the most dangerous month in 20th century history.
Let’s return, though, to JFK’s assassination and the direct results of it in regard to the Jewish lobby, American foreign policy, and the militarization of Israel. To understand how powerful the Israeli lobby is in this country, venerable Senator J. William Fulbright told CBS Face the Nation on April 15, 1973, “Israel controls the U.S. Senate. The Senate is subservient, much too much; we should be more concerned about U.S. interests rather than doing the bidding of Israel. The great majority of the Senate of the U.S. – somewhere around 80% – is completely in support of Israel; anything Israel wants, Israel gets. This has been demonstrated time and again, and this has made [foreign policy] difficult for our government.”
This isn’t the quote of some crazy conspiracy theorist or a KKK anti-Semite. It’s a much-respected U.S. Senator saying that about 80% of the Senate is in Israel’s hip pocket [and this was 1973]. Adding clout to this argument is Rep. Paul Findley, who was quoted in The Washington Report on Middle East Affairs in March, 1992, “During John Kennedy’s campaign for the presidency, a group of New York Jews had privately offered to meet his campaign expenses if he would let them set his Middle East policy. He did not agree … As the president, he provided only limited support of Israel.”
To understand how important Kennedy’s decisions were during his short-lived presidency, we need to look at the issue of campaign finance. Considering how influential the Israeli lobby is in the U.S. Senate (hearkening back to the words of Senator Fulbright), they had to have been enraged when President Kennedy genuinely wanted to cut the knees out from under the current campaign finance methods because it made politicians so reliant upon the huge cash inlays of special-interest groups. Regrettably, Kennedy did not have the time to implement this program, and to this day our political system is still monopolized by lobbyists from the very same special-interest groups. One can only imagine what changes would have occurred in regard to our foreign policy had Kennedy eradicated these vipers and blood-suckers from the halls of Congress.
Tragically, Kennedy’s ideas never came to fruition, and his heated battle with Prime Minister Ben-Gurion over whether Israel should be allowed to develop a nuclear program was ultimately lost. The reason why is that Lyndon Baines Johnson, who Kennedy intended to drop from his ticket in 1964 due to his extreme dislike for, had a complete reversal in foreign policy. As you will see, not only did Israel’s nuclear program move ahead unchecked; they also became the primary beneficiary of our foreign aid.
But this absolute turnaround would not have occurred if Kennedy would not have been assassinated. Up until LBJ became president, Kennedy dealt with the Middle East in a way that most benefited the U.S. His primary goal – and one which would most keep the peace – was a balance of power in the Middle East so that each and every nation would be secure. This decision adhered to the Tripartite Declaration which the U.S. signed in 1950. But under the Johnson administration, this fragile balance was overturned, and by 1967 – only four years after Kennedy’s assassination – the U.S. was Israel’s main weapons supplier, and OUR best interests were put well behind those of Israel!
As Michael Collins Piper writes: “The bottom line is this: JFK was adamantly determined to stop Israel from building the nuclear bomb. LBJ simply looked the other way. JFK’s death did indeed prove beneficial to Israel’s nuclear ambitions and the evidence proves it.”
Reuven Pedatzer, in a review of Avner Cohen’s Israel and the Bomb, in the Israeli Newspaper Ha’aretz on February 5, 1999 wrote, “The murder of American president John F. Kennedy brought to an abrupt end the massive pressure being applied by the U.S. administration on the government of Israel to discontinue their nuclear program.” He continues, “Kennedy made it quite clear to the Israeli Prime Minister that he would not under any circumstances agree to Israel becoming a nuclear state.” Pedatzer concludes, “Had Kennedy remained alive, it is doubtful whether Israel would today have a nuclear option,” and that, “Ben-Gurion’s decision to resign in 1963 was taken to a large extent against the background of the tremendous pressure that Kennedy was applying on him concerning the nuclear issue.”
If you’re still not convinced; how about some numbers? In Kennedy’s last fiscal budget year of 1964, Israeli aid was $40 million. In LBJ’s first budget of 1965, it soared to $71 million, and in 1966 more than tripled from two years earlier to $130 million! Plus, during Kennedy’s administration, almost none of our aid to Israel was military in nature. Instead, it was split equally between development loans and food assistance under the PL480 Program. Yet in 1965 under the Johnson administration, 20% of our aid to Israel was for the military, while in 1966, 71% was used for war-related materials. [And contrast this, further, with the billions in annual aid which they receive today...]
Continuing in this same vein, in 1963 the Kennedy administration sold 5 Hawk missiles to Israel as part of an air-defense system. In 1965-66, though, LBJ laid 250 tanks on Israel, 48 Skyhawk attack aircrafts, plus guns and artillery which were all offensive in nature. If you ever wondered when the Israeli War Machine was created, this is it! LBJ was its father.
According to Stephen Green in Taking Sides: America’s Secret Relations with a Militant Israel, “The $92 million in military assistance provided in fiscal year 1966 was greater than the total of all official military aid provided to Israel cumulatively in all the years going back to the foundation of that nation in 1948.”
Green continues, “70% of all U.S. official assistance to Israel has been military. America has given Israel over $17 billion in military aid since 1946, virtually all of which – over 99% – has been provided since 1965.”
Can you see what’s happening here? Within two years of JFK’s assassination, Israel went from being a comparatively weak, outmatched member of the volatile Middle Eastern community that was not allowed to develop nuclear weapons to one that was well on its way to becoming a undeniable military force on the world stage. John Kennedy adamantly put his foot down and refused to allow Israel to develop a nuclear program, while LBJ bent over backward to facilitate and bolster them. Or, as Seymour Hersh wrote in The Samson Option, “By 1968, the president had no intention of doing anything to stop the Israeli bomb.”
The result of this shift in focus from the Kennedy to Johnson administration is, in my opinion, the PRIMARY reason behind our current troubles in the Middle East which culminated in the 9-11 attacks and our upcoming war with Iraq (and beyond). I have a great deal of confidence in this statement, for as Michael Collins Piper points out, here are the results of John F. Kennedy’s assassination:
1) Our foreign and military aid to Israel increased dramatically once LBJ became president.
2) Rather than trying to maintain a BALANCE in the Middle East, Israel suddenly emerged as the dominant force.
3) Since the LBJ administration, Israel has always had weaponry that was superior to any of its direct neighbors.
4) Due to this undeniable and obvious increase in Israel’s War Machine, a constant struggle has been perpetuated in the Middle East.
5) LBJ also allowed Israel to proceed with its nuclear development, resulting in them becoming the 6th largest nuclear force in the world.
6) Finally, our huge outlays of foreign aid to Israel (approximately $10 billion/year when all is said and done) has created a situation of never-ending attacks and retaliation in the Middle East, plus outright scorn and enmity against the U.S. for playing the role of Israel’s military enabler.
In Israel’s, and especially David Ben-Gurion’s eyes then, what were their alternatives – to remain weakened (or at least balanced) in relation to their neighbors and handcuffed by JFK’s refusal to bow to their will, or KILL the one man standing in their way to becoming dominant in the Middle East, the recipient of huge amounts of military aid, and one of the premier nuclear forces in the world? It’s something to think about. Also, while these thoughts are running through your head, ask yourself this question. If Kennedy, LBJ, and all subsequent administrations would have adhered to the 1950 Tripartite Declaration and did everything in their power to maintain balance in the Middle East instead of pushing Israel to the forefront, would our Towers have been attacked on 9-11, 2001, and would we be on the verge of a possibly catastrophic war today? It’s certainly something to ponder.
More Evidence Mossad Killed JFK Over Israeli Nukes: The Missing Link In The JFK Assassination Conspiracy
(Note – The second item further below is a letter from JFK to Israeli Prime Minister Eshkol which makes it crystal clear JFK did NOT want the Jewish state to develop nuclear weapons and that he was demanding regular US inspections of the Dimona Nuclear facility… which, as we now know, was/is used to develop Israel’s enormous inventory of atomic and thermonuclear weapons. The US Air Force white paper regarding past and ongoing Israeli thermonuclear blackmail of the US is a stunning look at how Zionism has exerted such staggering domination over the US for decades. -ed)
After reading: “New JFK Assassination Theory” from WND, it is obvious that it is just more dis-information diverting attention away from the more than likely perpetrators, the Mossad. It’s only fair to remind or inform your readers of the theory posed by Michael Collins Piper in ‘Final Judgment’. His theory makes more sense than anything.
There seems to be a lot of misunderstanding concerning what Final Judgment does and does not say about the JFK assassination. The book does not say that “the Jews killed JFK.” That’s horse manure.
What the book does say is that: When New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison charged businessman Clay Shaw with participation in the JFK assassination conspiracy Garrison stumbled upon the Israeli Mossad connection to the murder of President Kennedy. Shaw served on the board of a shadowy corporation known as Permindex. A primary shareholder in Permindex was the Banque De Credit International of Geneva, founded by Tibor Rosenbaum, an arms procurer and financier for the Mossad.
What’s more, the Mossad-sponsored Swiss bank was the chief “money launderer” for Meyer Lansky, the head of the international crime syndicate and an Israeli loyalist whose operations meshed closely on many fronts with the American CIA.
The chairman of Permindex was Louis M. Bloomfield of Montreal, a key figure in the Israeli lobby and an operative of the Bronfman family of Canada, long-time Lansky associates and among Israel’s primary international patrons.
In the pages of “Final Judgment” the Israeli connection to the JFK assassination is explored in frightening–and fully documented–detail. For example, did you know:
* That JFK was engaged in a bitter secret conflict with Israel over U.S. East policy and that Israel’s prime minister resigned in disgust, saying JFK’s stance threatened Israel’s very survival?
* That JFK’s successor, Lyndon Johnson, immediately reversed America’s policy toward Israel?
* That the top Mafia figures often alleged to be behind the JFK assassination were only front men for Meyer Lansky?
* That the CIA’s liaison to the Mossad, James Angleton, was a prime mover behind the cover-up of the JFK assassination?
Why didn’t Oliver Stone, in his famous movie “JFK” not mention any of this [silly question]? It turns out the chief financial backer of Stone’s film was longtime Mossad figure, Arnon Milchan, Israel’s biggest arms dealer.
The very fact that the Israeli lobby has gone to such great lengths to try to smear Michael Collins Piper and to try to discredit Final Judgment only boosts the book’s credibility. If the book was really so silly or so unconvincing, it doesn’t seem likely that groups such as the Anti-Defamation League would go out of their way to try to suppress the book as they have.
The fact is that Piper demonstrates that Israel did indeed have a very strong motive to want to get JFK out of the way and that numerous people who have been linked in other writings to the JFK conspiracy were (as Piper documents) also in the sphere of influence of Israel’s Mossad. Not only Clay Shaw in New Orleans, but also James Angleton at the CIA, who was Israel’s strongest advocate at the CIA and also the CIA’s liaison to the Mossad. The Israeli connection is indeed “the missing link in the JFK assassination conspiracy.”
The “Reader from Chicago” who wrote the review of Final Judgment posted here is really off the beam and I suspect he (or she) is deliberately distorting what Piper’s book does say in order to try to discourage people from reading it.
The fact is that Piper’s book documents (quite clearly, in my estimation) not only the means, opportunity and the motive for Israeli Mossad involvement in the assassination (working in conjunction with the CIA), but it is also quite fascinating and very interesting read. “Boring” is the last word I’d use to describe the book, and it is certainly not “poorly written.”
What’s more, the book is not–I repeat–not “anti-Semitic” [this word loses meaning with every passing day] and the book has absolutely nothing whatsoever to do with the subject of the Holocaust. In fact, anybody familiar with any of the standard writings on the JFK assassination will recognize the names of some of the key players in the scenario Piper documents: Clay Shaw, David Ferrie, Guy Banister and James J. Angleton of the CIA–and none of them were Jewish. So where this reviewer gets off saying that Piper finds “a Jew under every rock” is beyond me. I have read literally hundreds of books and magazine articles and other material on the JFK assassination and not in a single one of them–with the exception of Final Judgment–did I ever learn that President John F. Kennedy was trying to stop Israel from building the nuclear bomb and that this literally touched off a “secret war” behind the scenes between JFK and Israel’s prime minister, David Ben-Gurion, who resigned (among other reasons) in disgust over JFK’s policies with Israel. In fact, Israeli historian Avner Cohen in his book, Israel and the Bomb, documents this quite thoroughly.
And in Final Judgment Piper also outlines some interesting Israeli connections by people who have been linked to the JFK assassination and cover-up, including Clay Shaw of New Orleans. Even Israeli journalist Barry Chamish has written in an Internet review of Final Judgment that he finds Piper’s Israeli connection (via Shaw and Permindex) quite convincing.
There was a controversy in the Chicago area following an attempt by the Anti-Defamation League (an Israeli lobby organization) and people associated with the ADL to prevent Final Judgment from being placed in the Schaumburg Township District Library. Chances are the Reader from Chicago is probably an ADL representative! –This text refers to the Unknown Binding edition.
JFK’s Concern Over Israel’s Nuclear Bomb Program: JFK’s Letter To Israeli PM Eshkol July 5, 1963
Dear Mr. Prime Minister (Eshkol),
It gives me great personal pleasure to extend congratulations as you assume your responsibilities as Prime Minister of Israel. You have our friendship and best wishes in your new tasks. It is on one of these that I am writing you at this time.
You are aware, I am sure, of the exchange which I had with Prime Minister Ben-Gurion concerning American visits (ie: inspections -ed) to Israel’s nuclear facility at Dimona. Most recently, the Prime Minister wrote to me on May 27. His words reflected a most intense personal consideration of a problem that I know is not easy for your Government, as it is not for mine. We welcomed the former Prime Minister’s strong reaffirmation that Dimona will be devoted exclusively to peaceful purposes and the reaffirmation also of Israel’s willingness to permit periodic visits (ie: inspections -ed) to Dimona.
I regret having to add to your burdens so soon after your assumption of office, but I feel the crucial importance of this problem necessitates my taking up with you at this early date certain further considerations, arising out of Mr. Ben-Gurion’s May 27 letter, as to the nature and scheduling of such visits.
I am sure you will agree that these visits should be as nearly as possible in accord with international standards, thereby resolving all doubts as to the peaceful intent of the Dimona project. As I wrote Mr. Ben-Gurion, this Government’s commitment to and support of Israel could be seriously jeopardized if it should be thought that we were unable to obtain reliable information on a subject as vital to the peace as the question of Israel’s effort in the nuclear field.
Therefore, I asked our scientists to review the alternative schedules of visits we and you had proposed. If Israel’s purposes are to be clear beyond reasonable doubt, I believe that the schedule which would best serve our common purposes would be a visit early this summer, another visit in June 1964, and thereafter at intervals of six months. I am sure that such a schedule should not cause you any more difficulty than that which Mr. Ben-Gurion proposed in his May 27 letter. It would be essential, and I understand that Mr. Ben-Gurion’s letter was in accord with this, that our scientist have access to all areas of the Dimona site and to any related part of the complex, such as fuel fabrication facilities or plutonium separation plant, and that sufficient time to be allotted for a thorough examination.
Knowing that you fully appreciate the truly vital significance of this matter to the future well-being of Israel, to the United States, and internationally, I am sure our carefully considered request will have your most sympathetic attention.
John F. Kennedy
Here (below) are excerpts from the US Air Force paper on Israel’s nuclear blackmail of the United States and its influence on US foreign policy. One can draw additional conclusions about how such blackmail might have factored into the trillion plus US dollars that have benefited Israel since JFK’s murder.
Zionist Israel’s Thermonuclear Blackmail Of America
Jeff – These are paragraphs of ‘special interest’ I wish to highlight from the long and detailed USAF report that follows…my comments are in all caps:
One other purpose of Israeli nuclear weapons, not often stated, but obvious, is their “use” on the United States. America does not want Israel’s nuclear profile raised. They have been used in the past to ensure America does not desert Israel under increased Arab (or oil embargo) pressure and have forced the United States to support Israel diplomatically against the Soviet Union. Israel used their existence to guarantee a continuing supply of American conventional weapons, a policy likely to continue.
ISRAEL DICTAtES TO US AND WE CONCEDE TO ISRAEL
Israel went on full-scale nuclear alert again on the first day of Desert Storm, 18 January 1991. Seven SCUD missiles were fired against the cities of Tel Aviv and Haifa by Iraq (only two actually hit Tel Aviv and one hit Haifa). This alert lasted for the duration of the war, 43 days. Over the course of the war, Iraq launched around 40 missiles in 17 separate attacks at Israel. There was little loss of life: two killed directly, 11 indirectly, with many structures damaged and life disrupted. Several supposedly landed near Dimona, one of them a close miss. Threats of retaliation by the Shamir government if the Iraqis used chemical warheads were interpreted to mean that Israel intended to launch a nuclear strike if gas attacks occurred.
One Israeli commentator recommended that Israel should signal Iraq that “any Iraqi action against Israeli civilian populations, with or without gas, may leave Iraq without Baghdad.” Shortly before the end of the war the Israelis tested a “nuclear capable” missile which prompted the United States into intensifying its SCUD hunting in western Iraq to prevent any Israeli response. The Israeli Air Force set up dummy SCUD sites in the Negev for pilots to practice on. “They found it no easy task. American government concessions to Israel for not attacking (in addition to Israeli Patriot missile batteries) were:
* Allowing Israel to designate 100 targets inside Iraq for the coalition to destroy,
* Satellite downlink to increase warning time on the SCUD attacks (present and future),
* Technical parity with Saudi jet fighters in perpetuity.
JFK demanded Israel allow inspectors to see Dimona. Three months later he was assassinated and pro-Israel Johnson is President:
The Israelis aggressively pursued an aircraft delivery system from the United States. President Johnson was less emphatic about nonproliferation than President Kennedy-or perhaps had more pressing concerns, such as Vietnam. He had a long history of both Jewish friends and pressing political contributors coupled with some firsthand experience of ["]the Holocaust["], having toured concentration camps at the end of World War II.
Israel pressed LBJ hard for aircraft (A-4E Skyhawks initially and F-4E Phantoms later) and obtained agreement in 1966 under the condition that the aircraft would not be used to deliver nuclear weapons. The State Department attempted to link the aircraft purchases to continued inspection visits. President Johnson overruled the State Department concerning Dimona inspections. Although denied at the time, America delivered the F-4Es, on September 5, 1969, with nuclear capable hardware intact.
Not only were the Israelis interested in American nuclear weapons development data, they were interested in targeting data from U.S. intelligence. Israel discovered that they were on the Soviet target list. American-born Israeli spy Jonathan Pollard obtained satellite-imaging data of the Soviet Union, allowing Israel to acurately target Soviet cities. This showed Israel’s intention to use its nuclear arsenal as a deterrent political lever, or retaliatory capability against the Soviet Union itself. Israel also used American satellite imagery to plan the 7 June 1981 attack on the Tammuz-1 reactor at Osiraq, Iraq. This daring attack, carried out by eight F-16s accompanied by six F-15s punched a hole in the concrete reactor dome before the reactor began operation (and just days before an Israeli election). It delivered 15 delay-fused 2000 pound bombs deep into the reactor structure (the 16th bomb hit a nearby hall). The blasts shredded the reactor and blew out the dome foundations, causing it to collapse on the rubble. This was the world’s first attack on a nuclear reactor.
(PLEASE KEEP IN MIND THAt RUSSIA WAS ABLE TO PURGE THE JEWISH BOLSHEVIK COMMUNISTS FROM THE KREMLIN STARTING IN THE LAtE ’30′s UNDER STALIN. SUBSEQUENTLY, THE JEWISH POWER STRUCTURE WAS GIVEN TOP POSITIONS IN THE U.S.)
Another speculative area concerns Israeli nuclear security and possible misuse. What is the chain of decision and control of Israel’s weapons? How susceptible are they to misuse or theft? With no open, frank, public debate on nuclear issues, there has accordingly been no debate or information concerning existing safeguards. This has led to accusations of “monolithic views and sinister intentions.” Would a right wing military government decide to employ nuclear weapons recklessly? Ariel Sharon, an outspoken proponent of “Greater Israel” was quoted as saying, “Arabs may have the oil, but we have the matches.” Could the Gush Emunim, a right wing religious organization, or others, hijack a nuclear device to “liberate” the Temple Mount for the building of the third temple? Chances are small but could increase as radicals decry the peace process. A 1997 article reviewing the Israeli Defense Force repeatedly stressed the possibilities of, and the need to guard against, a religious, right wing military coup, especially as the proportion of religious persons in the military increases.[139 ]
THE THIRD TEMPLE’S HOLY OF HOLIES – ISRAEL’S NUCLEAR WEAPONS
By Warner D. Farr, LTC, U.S. Army
The Counterproliferation Papers
Future Warfare Series No. 2
USAF Counterproliferation Center
Air War College – Air University
Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama
The Counterproliferation Papers Series was established by the USAF Counterproliferation Center to provide information and analysis to U.S. national security policy-makers and USAF officers to assist them in countering the threat posed by adversaries equipped with weapons of mass destruction. Copies of papers in this series are available from the USAF Counterproliferation Center, 325 Chennault Circle, Maxwell AFB AL 36112-6427. The fax number is (334) 953-7538; phone (334) 953-7538.
The internet address for the USAF Counterproliferation Center is:
The Author ii
I. Introduction 1
II. 1948-1962: With French Cooperation 3
III. 1963-1973: Seeing the Project Through to Completion 9
IV. 1974-1999: Bringing the Bomb Up the Basement Stairs 15
Appendix: Estimates of the Israeli Nuclear Arsenal 23
The views expressed in this publication are those solely of the author and are not a statement of official policy or position of the U.S Government, the Department of Defense, the U.S. Army, or the USAF Counterproliferation Center.
Colonel Warner D. “Rocky” Farr, Medical Corps, Master Flight Surgeon, U.S. Army, graduated from the Air War College at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama before becoming the Command Surgeon, U.S. Army Special Operations Command at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. He also serves as the Surgeon for the U.S. Army Special Forces Command, U.S. Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command, and the U.S. Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School. With thirty-three years of military service, he holds an Associate of Arts from the State University of New York, Bachelor of Science from Northeast Louisiana University, Doctor of Medicine from the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Masters of Public Health from the University of Texas, and has completed medical residencies in aerospace medicine, and anatomic and clinical pathology. He is the only army officer to be board certified in these three specialties. Solo qualified in the TH-55A Army helicopter, he received flight training in the T-37 and T-38 aircraft as part of his USAF School of Aerospace Medicine residency.
Colonel Farr was a Master Sergeant Special Forces medic prior to receiving a direct commission to second lieutenant. He is now the senior Special Forces medical officer in the U.S. Army with prior assignments in the 5th, 7th, and 10th Special Forces Groups (Airborne), 1st Special Forces, in Vietnam, the United States, and Germany. He has advised the 12th and 20th Special Forces Groups (Airborne) in the reserves and national guard, served as Division Surgeon, 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry), and as the Deputy Commander of the U.S. Army Aeromedical Center, Fort Rucker, Alabama.
I would like to acknowledge the assistance, guidance and encouragement from my Air War College (AWC) faculty research advisor, Dr. Andrew Terrill, instructor of the Air War College Arab-Israeli Wars course. Thanks are also due to the great aid of the Air University librarians. The author is also indebted to Captain J. R. Saunders, USN and Colonel Robert Sutton, USAF. Who also offered helpful suggestions.
This paper is a history of the Israeli nuclear weapons program drawn from a review of unclassified sources. Israel began its search for nuclear weapons at the inception of the state in 1948. As payment for Israeli participation in the Suez Crisis of 1956, France provided nuclear expertise and constructed a reactor complex for Israel at Dimona capable of large-scale plutonium production and reprocessing. The United States discovered the facility by 1958 and it was a subject of continual discussions between American presidents and Israeli prime ministers. Israel used delay and deception to at first keep the United States at bay, and later used the nuclear option as a bargaining chip for a consistent American conventional arms supply. After French disengagement in the early 1960s, Israel progressed on its own, including through several covert operations, to project completion. Before the 1967 Six-Day War, they felt their nuclear facility threatened and reportedly assembled several nuclear devices. By the 1973 Yom Kippur War Israel had a number of sophisticated nuclear bombs, deployed them, and considered using them. The Arabs may have limited their war aims because of their knowledge of the Israeli nuclear weapons. Israel has most probably conducted several nuclear bomb tests. They have continued to modernize and vertically proliferate and are now one of the world’s larger nuclear powers. Using “bomb in the basement” nuclear opacity, Israel has been able to use its arsenal as a deterrent to the Arab world while not technically violating American nonproliferation requirements.
The Third Temple’s Holy of Holies: Israel’s Nuclear Weapons
Warner D. Farr
This is the end of the Third Temple.
- Attributed to Moshe Dayan
during the Yom Kippur War1
As Zionists in Palestine watched World War II from their distant sideshow, what lessons were learned? The soldiers of the Empire of Japan vowed on their emperor’s sacred throne to fight to the death and not face the inevitability of an American victory. Many Jews wondered if the Arabs would try to push them into the Mediterranean Sea. After the devastating American nuclear attack on Japan, the soldier leaders of the empire reevaluated their fight to the death position. Did the bomb give the Japanese permission to surrender and live? It obviously played a military role, a political role, and a [distorted as it may be] peacemaking role. How close was the mindset of the Samurai culture to the Islamic culture? Did David Ben-Gurion take note of the Allied strategy and wonder if the same would work for Israel?2 Could Israel find the ultimate deterrent that would convince her opponents that they could never, ever succeed? Was Israel’s ability to cause a modern holocaust the best way to guarantee never having ["]another["] one?
The use of unconventional weapons in the Middle East is not new. The British had used chemical artillery shells against the Turks at the second battle of Gaza in 1917. They continued chemical shelling against the Shiites in Iraq in 1920 and used aerial chemicals in the 1920s and 1930s in Iraq.3 [Contrast the "good guy" approach with that of the "bad guys"...]
Israel’s involvement with nuclear technology starts at the founding of the state in 1948. Many talented Jewish scientists immigrated to Palestine during the thirties and forties, in particular, Ernst David Bergmann. He would become the director of the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission and the founder of Israel’s efforts to develop nuclear weapons. Bergmann, a close friend and advisor of Israel’s first Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion, counseled that nuclear energy could compensate for Israel’s poor natural resources and small pool of military manpower. He pointed out that there was just one nuclear energy, not two, suggesting nuclear weapons were part of the plan.4 As early as 1948, Israeli scientists actively explored the Negev Desert for uranium deposits on orders from the Israeli Ministry of Defense. By 1950, they found low-grade deposits near Beersheba and Sidon and worked on a low power method of heavy water production.5
The newly created Weizmann Institute of Science actively supported nuclear research by 1949, with Dr. Bergmann heading the chemistry division. Promising students went overseas to study nuclear engineering and physics at Israeli government expense. Israel secretly founded its own Atomic Energy Commission in 1952 and placed it under the control of the Defense Ministry.6 The foundations of a nuclear program were beginning to develop.
II. 1948-1962: With French Cooperation
It has always been our intention to develop a nuclear potential.
- Ephraim Katzir7
In 1949, Francis Perrin, a member of the French Atomic Energy Commission, nuclear physicist, and friend of Dr. Bergmann visited the Weizmann Institute. He invited Israeli scientists to the new French nuclear research facility at Saclay. A joint research effort was subsequently set up between the two nations. Perrin publicly stated in 1986 that French scientists working in America on the Manhattan Project and in Canada during World War II were told they could use their knowledge in France provided they kept it a secret.8 Perrin reportedly provided nuclear data to Israel on the same basis.9 One Israeli scientist worked at the U.S. Los Alamos National Laboratory and may have directly brought expertise home.10
After the Second World War, France’s nuclear research capability was quite limited. France had been a leading research center in nuclear physics before World War II, but had fallen far behind the U.S., the U.S.S.R., the United Kingdom, and even Canada. Israel and France were at a similar level of expertise after the war, and Israeli scientists could make significant contributions to the French effort. Progress in nuclear science and technology in France and Israel remained closely linked throughout the early fifties. Israeli scientists probably helped construct the G-1 plutonium production reactor and UP-1 reprocessing plant at Marcoule.11 France profited from two Israeli patents on heavy water production and low-grade uranium enrichment.12 In the 1950s and into the early 1960s, France and Israel had close relations in many areas. France was Israel’s principal arms supplier, and as instability spread through French colonies in North Africa, Israel provided valuable intelligence obtained from contacts with sephardic Jews in those countries.
The two nations collaborated, with the United Kingdom, in planning and staging the Suez Canal-Sinai operation against Egypt in October 1956. The Suez Crisis became the real genesis of Israel’s nuclear weapons production program. With the Czech-Egyptian arms agreement in 1955, Israel became worried. When absorbed, the Soviet-bloc equipment would triple Egyptian military strength. After Egypt’s President Nasser closed the Straits of Tiran in 1953, Israeli Prime Minister Ben-Gurion ordered the development of chemical munitions and other unconventional munitions, including nuclear.13 Six weeks before the Suez Canal operation, Israel felt the time was right to approach France for assistance in building a nuclear reactor. Canada had set a precedent a year earlier when it had agreed to build a 40-megawatt CIRUS reactor in India. Shimon Peres, the Director-General of the Defense Ministry and aide to Prime Minister (and Defense Minister) David Ben-Gurion, and Bergmann met with members of the CEA (France’s Atomic Energy Commission). During September 1956, they reached an initial understanding to provide a research reactor. The two countries concluded final agreements at a secret meeting outside Paris where they also finalized details of the Suez Canal operation.14
For the United Kingdom and France, the Suez operation, launched on October 29, 1956, was a total disaster. Israel’s part was a military success, allowing it to occupy the entire Sinai Peninsula by 4 November, but the French and British canal invasion on 6 November was a political failure. Their attempt to advance south along the Suez Canal stopped due to a cease-fire under fierce Soviet and U.S. pressure. Both nations pulled out, leaving Israel to face the pressure from the two superpowers alone. Soviet Premier Bulganin and President Khrushchev issued an implicit threat of nuclear attack if Israel did not withdraw from the Sinai.
On 7 November 1956, a secret meeting was held between Israeli foreign minister Golda Meir, Shimon Peres, and French foreign and defense ministers Christian Pineau and Maurice Bourges-Manoury. The French, embarrassed by their failure to support their ally in the operation, found the Israelis deeply concerned about a Soviet threat. In this meeting, they substantially modified the initial understanding beyond a research reactor. Peres secured an agreement from France to assist Israel in developing a nuclear deterrent. After further months of negotiation, agreement was reached for an 18-megawatt (thermal) research reactor of the EL-3 type, along with plutonium separation technology. France and Israel signed the agreement in October 1957.15 Later the reactor was officially upgraded to 24 megawatts, but the actual specifications issued to engineers provided for core cooling ducts sufficient for up to three times this power level, along with a plutonium plant of similar capacity. Data from insider reports revealed in 1986 would estimate the power level at 125-150 megawatts.16 The reactor, not connected to turbines for power production, needed this increase in size only to increase its plutonium production. How this upgrade came about remains unknown, but Bourges-Maunoury, replacing Mollet as French prime minister, may have contributed to it.17 Shimon Peres, the guiding hand in the Israeli nuclear program, had a close relationship with Bourges-Maunoury and probably helped him politically.18
Why was France so eager to help Israel? DeMollet and then de Gaulle had a place for Israel within their strategic vision. A nuclear Israel could be a counterforce against Egypt in France’s fight in Algeria. Egypt was openly aiding the rebel forces there. France also wanted to obtain the bomb itself. The United States had embargoed certain nuclear enabling computer technology from France. Israel could get the technology from America and pass it through to France. The U.S. furnished Israel heavy water, under the Atoms for Peace program, for the small research reactor at Soreq. France could use this heavy water. Since France was some years away from nuclear testing and success, Israeli science was an insurance policy in case of technical problems in France’s own program.19 The Israeli intelligence community’s knowledge of past French (especially Vichy) anti-Semitic transgressions and the continued presence of former National Socialist collaborators in French intelligence provided the Israelis with some blackmail opportunities.20 The cooperation was so close that Israel worked with France on the preproduction design of early Mirage jet aircraft, designed to be capable of delivering nuclear bombs.21
French experts secretly built the Israeli reactor underground at Dimona, in the Negev desert of southern Israel near Beersheba. Hundreds of French engineers and technicians filled Beersheba, the biggest town in the Negev. Many of the same contractors who built Marcoule were involved. SON (a French firm) built the plutonium separation plants in both France and Israel. The ground was broken for the EL-102 reactor (as it was known to France) in early 1958.
Israel used many subterfuges to conceal activity at Dimona. It called the plant a manganese plant, and rarely, a textile plant. The United States by the end of 1958 had taken pictures of the project from U-2 spy planes, and identified the site as a probable reactor complex. The concentration of Frenchmen was also impossible to hide from ground observers. In 1960, before the reactor was operating, France, now under the leadership of de Gaulle, reconsidered and decided to suspend the project. After several months of negotiation, they reached an agreement in November that allowed the reactor to proceed if Israel promised not to make nuclear weapons and to announce the project to the world. Work on the plutonium reprocessing plant halted. On 2 December 1960, before Israel could make announcements, the U.S. State Department issued a statement that Israel had a secret nuclear installation. By 16 December, this became public knowledge with its appearance in the New York Times. On 21 December, Ben-Gurion announced that Israel was building a 24-megawatt reactor “for peaceful purposes.”22
Over the next year, relations between the U.S. and Israel became strained over the Dimona reactor. The U.S. accepted Israel’s assertions at face value publicly, but exerted pressure privately. Although Israel allowed a cursory inspection by well known American physicists Eugene Wigner and I. I. Rabi, Prime Minister Ben-Gurion consistently refused to allow regular international inspections. The final resolution between the U.S. and Israel was a commitment from Israel to use the facility for peaceful purposes, and to admit a U.S. inspection team twice a year. These inspections began in 1962 and continued until 1969. Inspectors saw only the above ground part of the buildings, not the many levels underground and the visit frequency was never more than once a year. The above ground areas had simulated control rooms, and access to the underground areas was kept hidden while the inspectors were present. Elevators leading to the secret underground plutonium reprocessing plant were actually bricked over.23 Much of the information on these inspections and the political maneuvering around it has just been declassified.24
One interpretation of Ben-Gurion’s “peaceful purposes” pledge given to America is that he interpreted it to mean that nuclear weapon development was not excluded if used strictly for defensive, and not offensive purposes. Israel’s security position in the late fifties and early sixties was far more precarious than now. After three wars, with a robust domestic arms industry and a reliable defense supply line from the U.S., Israel felt much more secure. During the fifties and early sixties a number of attempts by Israel to obtain security guarantees from the U.S. to place Israel under the U.S. nuclear umbrella like NAtO or Japan, were unsuccessful. If the U.S. had conducted a forward-looking policy to restrain Israel’s proliferation, along with a sure defense agreement, we could have prevented the development of Israel’s nuclear arsenal.
One common discussion in the literature concerns testing of Israeli nuclear devices. In the early phases, the amount of collaboration between the French and Israeli nuclear weapons design programs made testing unnecessary. In addition, although their main efforts were with plutonium, the Israelis may have amassed enough uranium for gun-assembled type bombs which, like the Hiroshima bomb, require no testing. One expert postulated, based on unnamed sources, that the French nuclear test in 1960 made two nuclear powers not one — such was the depth of collaboration between France and Israel.25 There were several Israeli observers at the French nuclear tests and the Israelis had “unrestricted access to French nuclear test explosion data.”26 Israel also supplied essential technology and hardware.27 The French reportedly shipped reprocessed plutonium back to Israel as part of their repayment for Israeli scientific help.
However, this constant, decade long, French cooperation and support was soon to end and Israel would have to go it alone.
III. 1963-1973: Seeing the Project to Completion
Israel would soon need its own, independent, capabilities to complete its nuclear program. Only five countries had facilities for uranium enrichment: the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, France, and China. The Nuclear Materials and Equipment Corporation, or NUMEC, in Apollo, Pennsylvania was a small fuel rod fabrication plant. In 1965, the U.S. government accused Dr. Zalman Shapiro, the corporation president, of “losing” 200 pounds of highly enriched uranium. Although investigated by the Atomic Energy Commission, the Central Intelligence Agency, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and other government agencies and inquiring reporters, no answers were available in what was termed the Apollo Affair.29 Many remain convinced that the Israelis received 200 pounds of enriched uranium sometime before 1965.30 One source links Rafi Eitan, an Israeli Mossad agent and later the handler of spy Jonathan Pollard, with NUMEC.31 In the 1990s when the NUMEC plant was disassembled, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission found over 100 kilograms of plutonium in the structural components of the contaminated plant, casting doubt on 200 pounds going to Israel.32
The joint venture with France gave Israel several ingredients for nuclear weapons construction: a production reactor, a factory to extract plutonium from the spent fuel, and the design. In 1962, the Dimona reactor went critical; the French resumed work on the underground plutonium reprocessing plant, and completed it in 1964 or 1965. The acquisition of this reactor and related technologies was clearly intended for military purposes from the outset (not “dual-use”), as the reactor has no other function. The security at Dimona (officially the Negev Nuclear Research Center) was particularly stringent. For straying into Dimona’s airspace, the Israelis shot down one of their own Mirage fighters during the Six-Day War. The Israelis also shot down a Libyan airliner with 104 passengers, in 1973, which had strayed over the Sinai.33 There is little doubt that some time in the late sixties Israel became the sixth nation to manufacture nuclear weapons. Other things they needed were extra uranium and extra heavy water to run the reactor at a higher rate. Norway, France, and the United States provided the heavy water and “Operation Plumbat” provided the uranium.
After the 1967 war, France stopped supplies of uranium to Israel. These supplies were from former French colonies of Gabon, Niger, and the Central Africa Republic.34 Israel had small amounts of uranium from Negev phosphate mines and had bought some from Argentina and South Africa, but not in the large quantities supplied by the French. Through a complicated undercover operation, the Israelis obtained uranium oxide, known as yellow cake, held in a stockpile in Antwerp. Using a West German front company and a high seas transfer from one ship to another in the Mediterranean, they obtained 200 tons of yellow cake. The smugglers labeled the 560 sealed oil drums “Plumbat,” which means lead, hence “Operation Plumbat.”35 The West German government may have been involved directly but remained undercover to avoid antagonizing the Soviets or Arabs.36 Israeli intelligence information on the National Socialist past of some West German officials may have provided the motivation — more blackmail.37
Norway sold 20 tons of heavy water to Israel in 1959 for use in an experimental power reactor. Norway insisted on the right to inspect the heavy water for 32 years, but did so only once, in April 1961, while it was still in storage barrels at Dimona. Israel simply promised [Concerning the reliability of such promises, please read up on the "Kol Nidre" recital on the eve of Yom Kippur: "All personal vows we are likely to make, all personal oaths and pledges we are likely to take between this Yom Kippur and the next Yom Kippur, we publicly renounce. Let them all be relinquished and abandoned, null and void, neither firm nor established. Let our personal vows, pledges and oaths be considered neither vows nor pledges nor oaths."] that the heavy water was for peaceful purposes. In addition, quantities much more than what would be required for the peaceful purpose reactors were imported. Norway either colluded or at the least was very slow to ask to inspect as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) rules required.38 Norway and Israel concluded an agreement in 1990 for Israel to sell back 10.5 tons of the heavy water to Norway. Recent calculations reveal that Israel has used two tons and will retain eight tons more.39
Author Seymour Hersh, writing in the Samson Option says Prime Minister Levi Eshkol delayed starting weapons production even after Dimona was finished.40 The reactor operated and the plutonium collected, but remained unseparated. The first extraction of plutonium probably occurred in late 1965. By 1966, enough plutonium was on hand to develop a weapon in time for the Six-Day War in 1967. Some type of non-nuclear test, perhaps a zero yield or implosion test, occurred on November 2, 1966. After this time, considerable collaboration between Israel and South Africa developed and continued through the 1970s and 1980s. South Africa became Israel’s primary supplier of uranium for Dimona. A Center for Nonproliferation Studies report lists four separate Israel-South Africa “clandestine nuclear deals.” Three concerned yellowcake and one was tritium.41 Other sources of yellowcake may have included Portugal.42
Egypt attempted unsuccessfully to obtain nuclear weapons from the Soviet Union both before and after the Six-Day War. President Nasser received from the Soviet Union a questionable nuclear guarantee instead and declared that Egypt would develop its own nuclear program.43 His rhetoric of 1965 and 1966 about preventive war and Israeli nuclear weapons coupled with overflights of the Dimona rector contributed to the tensions that led to war. The Egyptian Air Force claims to have first overflown Dimona and recognized the existence of a nuclear reactor in 1965.44 Of the 50 American HAWK anti-aircraft missiles in Israeli hands, half ringed Dimona by 1965.45 Israel considered the Egyptian overflights of May 16, 1967 as possible pre-strike reconnaissance. One source lists such Egyptian overflights, along with United Nations peacekeeper withdrawal and Egyptian troop movements into the Sinai, as one of the three “tripwires” which would drive Israel to war.46 There was an Egyptian military plan to attack Dimona at the start of any war but Nasser vetoed it.47 He believed Israel would have the bomb in 1968.48 Israel assembled two nuclear bombs and ten days later went to war.49 Nasser’s plan, if he had one, may have been to acquire and consolidate territorial gains before Israel had a nuclear option.50 He was two weeks too late.
The Israelis aggressively pursued an aircraft delivery system from the United States. President Johnson was less emphatic about nonproliferation than President Kennedy-or perhaps had more pressing concerns, such as Vietnam. He had a long history of both Jewish friends and pressing political contributors coupled with some first hand experience of ["]the Holocaust["], having toured concentration camps at the end of World War II.51 Israel pressed him hard for aircraft (A-4E Skyhawks initially and F-4E Phantoms later) and obtained agreement in 1966 under the condition that the aircraft would not be used to deliver nuclear weapons. The State Department attempted to link the aircraft purchases to continued inspection visits. President Johnson overruled the State Department concerning Dimona inspections.52 Although denied at the time, America delivered the F-4Es, on September 5, 1969, with nuclear capable hardware intact.53
The Samson Option states that Moshe Dayan gave the go-ahead for starting weapon production in early 1968, putting the plutonium separation plant into full operation. Israel began producing three to five bombs a year. The book Critical Mass asserts that Israel had two bombs in 1967, and that Prime Minister Eshkol ordered them armed in Israel’s first nuclear alert during the Six-Day War.54 Avner Cohen in his recent book, Israel and the Bomb, agrees that Israel had a deliverable nuclear capability in the 1967 war. He quotes Munya Mardor, leader of Rafael, the Armament Development Authority, and other unnamed sources, that Israel “cobbled together” two deliverable devices.55
Having the bomb meant articulating, even if secretly, a use doctrine. In addition to the “Samson Option” of last resort, other triggers for nuclear use may have included successful Arab penetration of populated areas, destruction of the Israeli Air Force, massive air strikes or chemical/biological strikes on Israeli cities, and Arab use of nuclear weapons.56
In 1971, Israel began purchasing krytrons, ultra high-speed electronic switching tubes that are “dual-use,” having both industrial and nuclear weapons applications as detonators. In the 1980s, the United States charged an American, Richard Smith (or Smyth), with smuggling 810 krytrons to Israel.57 He vanished before trial and reportedly lives outside Tel Aviv. The Israelis apologized for the action saying that the krytrons were for medical research ["Kol Nidre"!].58 Israel returned 469 of the krytrons but the rest, they declared, had been destroyed in testing conventional weapons. Some believe they went to South Africa.59 Smyth has also been reported to have been involved in a 1972 smuggling operation to obtain solid rocket fuel binder compounds for the Jericho II missile and guidance component hardware.60 Observers point to the Jericho missile itself as proof of a nuclear capability as it is not suited to the delivery of conventional munitions.61
On the afternoon of 6 October 1973, Egypt and Syria attacked Israel in a coordinated surprise attack, beginning the Yom Kippur War. Caught with only regular forces on duty, augmented by reservists with a low readiness level, Israeli front lines crumbled. By early afternoon on 7 October, no effective forces were in the southern Golan Heights and Syrian forces had reached the edge of the plateau, overlooking the Jordan River. This crisis brought Israel to its second nuclear alert.
Defense Minister Moshe Dayan, obviously not at his best at a press briefing, was, according to Time magazine, rattled enough to later tell the prime minister that “this is the end of the third temple,” referring to an impending collapse of the state of Israel. “Temple” was also the code word for nuclear weapons. Prime Minister Golda Meir and her “kitchen cabinet” made the decision on the night of 8 October. The Israelis assembled 13 twenty-kiloton atomic bombs. The number and in fact the entire story was later leaked by the Israelis as a great psychological warfare tool. Although most probably plutonium devices, one source reports they were enriched uranium bombs. The Jericho missiles at Hirbat Zachariah and the nuclear strike F-4s at Tel Nof were armed and prepared for action against Syrian and Egyptian targets. They also targeted Damascus with nuclear capable long-range artillery although it is not certain they had nuclear artillery shells.62
U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger was notified of the alert several hours later on the morning of 9 October. The U.S. decided to open an aerial resupply pipeline to Israel, and Israeli aircraft began picking up supplies that day. Although stockpile depletion remained a concern, the military situation stabilized on October 8th and 9th as Israeli reserves poured into the battle and averted disaster. Well before significant American resupply had reached Israeli forces, the Israelis counterattacked and turned the tide on both fronts.
On 11 October, a counterattack on the Golan broke the back of Syria’s offensive, and on 15 and 16 October, Israel launched a surprise crossing of the Suez Canal into Africa. Soon the Israelis encircled the Egyptian Third Army and it was faced with annihilation on the east bank of the Suez Canal, with no protective forces remaining between the Israeli Army and Cairo. The first U.S. flights arrived on 14 October.63 Israeli commandos flew to Fort Benning, Georgia to train with the new American TOW anti-tank missiles and return with a C-130 Hercules aircraft full of them in time for the decisive Golan battle. American commanders in Germany depleted their stocks of missiles, at that time only shared with the British and West Germans, and sent them forward to Israel.64
Thus started the subtle, opaque use of the Israeli bomb to ensure that the United States kept its pledge to maintain Israel’s conventional weapons edge over its foes.65 There is significant anecdotal evidence that Henry Kissinger told President of Egypt, Anwar Sadat, that the reason for the U.S. airlift was that the Israelis were close to “going nuclear.”66
A similar Soviet pipeline to the Arabs, equally robust, may or may not have included a ship with nuclear weapons on it, detected from nuclear trace emissions and shadowed by the Americans from the Dardanelles. The Israelis believe that the Soviets discovered Israeli nuclear preparations from COSMOS satellite photographs and decided to equalize the odds.67 The Soviet ship arrived in Alexandria on either 18 or 23 October (sources disagree), and remained, without unloading, until November 1973. The ship may have represented a Soviet guarantee to the Arab combatants to neutralize the Israeli nuclear option.68 While some others dismiss the story completely, the best-written review article concludes that the answer is “obscure.” Soviet premier Leonid Brezhnev threatened, on 24 October, to airlift Soviet airborne troops to reinforce the Egyptians cut off on the eastern side of the Suez Canal and put seven Soviet airborne divisions on alert.69 Recent evidence indicates that the Soviets sent nuclear missile submarines also.70 Aviation Week and Space Technology magazine claimed that the two Soviet SCUD brigades deployed in Egypt each had a nuclear warhead. American satellite photos seemed to confirm this. The U.S. passed to Israel images of trucks, of the type used to transport nuclear warheads, parked near the launchers.71 President Nixon’s response was to bring the U.S. to worldwide nuclear alert the next day, whereupon Israel went to nuclear alert a third time.72 This sudden crisis quickly faded as Prime Minister Meir agreed to a cease-fire, relieving the pressure on the Egyptian Third Army.
Shimon Peres had argued for a pre-war nuclear demonstration to deter the Arabs. Arab strategies and war aims in 1967 may have been restricted because of a fear of the Israeli “bomb in the basement,” the undeclared nuclear option. The Egyptians planned to capture an eastern strip next to the Suez Canal and then hold. The Syrians did not aggressively commit more forces to battle or attempt to drive through the 1948 Jordan River border to the Israeli center. Both countries seemed not to violate Israel proper and avoided triggering one of the unstated Israeli reasons to employ nuclear weapons.73 Others discount any Arab planning based on nuclear capabilities.74 Peres also credits Dimona with bringing Anwar Sadat to Jerusalem to make peace.75 This position was seemingly confirmed by Sadat in a private conversation with Israeli Defense Minister Ezer Weizman.76
At the end of the Yom Kippur War (a nation shaking experience), Israel has her nuclear arsenal fully functional and tested by a deployment. The arsenal, still opaque and unspoken, was no longer a secret, especially to the two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union.
IV. 1974-1999: Bringing the Bomb up the Basement Stairs
- Reportedly welded on the first Israeli nuclear bomb77
Shortly after the 1973 war, Israel allegedly fielded considerable nuclear artillery consisting of American 175 mm and 203 mm self-propelled artillery pieces, capable of firing nuclear shells. If true, this shows that Dimona had rapidly solved the problems of designing smaller weapons since the crude 1967 devices. If true, these low yield, tactical nuclear artillery rounds could reach at least 25 miles. The Israeli Defense Force did have three battalions of the 175mm artillery (36 tubes), reportedly with 108 nuclear shells and more for the 203mm tubes. Some sources describe a program to extend the range to 45 miles. They may have offered the South Africans these low yield, miniaturized, shells described as, “the best stuff we got.”78 By 1976, according to one unclassified source, the Central Intelligence Agency believed that the Israelis were using plutonium from Dimona and had 10 to 20 nuclear weapons available.79 ["peaceful purposes"?]
In 1972, two Israeli scientists, Isaiah Nebenzahl and Menacehm Levin, developed a cheaper, faster uranium enrichment process. It used a laser beam for isotope separation. It could reportedly enrich seven grams of Uranium 235 sixty percent in one day.80 Sources later reported that Israel was using both centrifuges and lasers to enrich uranium.81
Questions remained regarding full-scale nuclear weapons tests. Primitive gun-assembled type devices need no testing. Researchers can test non-nuclear components of other types separately and use extensive computer simulations. Israel received data from the 1960 French tests, and one source concludes that Israel accessed information from U.S. tests conducted in the 1950s and early 1960s. This may have included both boosted and thermonuclear weapons data.82 Underground testing in a hollowed out cavern is difficult to detect. A West Germany Army Magazine, Wehrtechnik, in June 1976, claimed that Western reports documented a 1963 underground test in the Negev. Other reports show a test at Al-Naqab, Negev in October 1966.83
A bright flash in the south Indian Ocean, observed by an American satellite on 22 September 1979, is widely believed to be a South Africa-Israel joint nuclear test. It was, according to some, the third test of a neutron bomb. The first two were hidden in clouds to fool the satellite and the third was an “accident” the weather cleared.84 Experts differ on these possible tests. Several writers report that the scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory believed it to have been a nuclear explosion while a presidential panel decided otherwise.85 President Carter was just entering the Iran hostage nightmare and may have easily decided not to alter 30 years of looking the other way.86 The explosion was almost certainly an Israeli bomb, tested at the invitation of the South Africans. It was more advanced than the “gun type” bombs developed by the South Africans.87 One report claims it was a test of a nuclear artillery shell.88 A 1997 Israeli newspaper quoted South African deputy foreign minister, Aziz Pahad, as confirming it was an Israeli test with South African logistical support.89
Controversy over possible nuclear testing continues to this day. In June 1998, a Member of the Knesset accused the government of an underground test near Eilat on May 28, 1998. Egyptian “nuclear experts” had made similar charges. The Israeli government hotly denied the claims.90
Not only were the Israelis interested in American nuclear weapons development data, they were interested in targeting data from U.S. intelligence. Israel discovered that they were on the Soviet target list. American-born Israeli spy Jonathan Pollard obtained satellite-imaging data of the Soviet Union, allowing Israel to target accurately Soviet cities. This showed Israel’s intention to use its nuclear arsenal as a deterrent political lever, or retaliatory capability against the Soviet Union itself. Israel also used American satellite imagery to plan the 7 June 1981 attack on the Tammuz-1 reactor at Osiraq, Iraq. This daring attack, carried out by eight F-16s accompanied by six F-15s punched a hole in the concrete reactor dome before the reactor began operation (and just days before an Israeli election). It delivered 15 delay-fused 2000 pound bombs deep into the reactor structure (the 16th bomb hit a nearby hall). The blasts shredded the reactor and blew out the dome foundations, causing it to collapse on the rubble. This was the world’s first attack on a nuclear reactor.91
Since 19 September 1988, Israel has worked on its own satellite reconnaissance system to decrease reliance on U.S. sources. On that day, they launched the Offeq-1 satellite on the Shavit booster, a system closely related to the Jericho-II missile. They launched the satellite to the west away from the Arabs and against the earth’s rotation, requiring even more thrust. The Jericho-II missile is capable of sending a one ton nuclear payload 5,000 kilometers. Offeq-2 went up on 3 April 1990. The launch of the Offeq-3 failed on its first attempt on 15 September 1994, but was successful 5 April 1995.92
Mordechai Vanunu provided the best look at the Israeli nuclear arsenal in 1985 complete with photographs.93 A technician from Dimona who lost his job, Vanunu secretly took photographs, immigrated to Australia and published some of his material in the London Sunday Times. He was subsequently kidnapped by Israeli agents, tried and imprisoned. His data shows a sophisticated nuclear program, over 200 bombs, with boosted devices, neutron bombs, F-16 deliverable warheads, and Jericho warheads.94 The boosted weapons shown in the Vanunu photographs show a sophistication that inferred the requirement for testing.95 He revealed for the first time the underground plutonium separation facility where Israel was producing 40 kilograms annually, several times more than previous estimates. Photographs showed sophisticated designs which scientific experts say enabled the Israelis to build bombs with as little as 4 kilograms of plutonium. These facts have increased the estimates of total Israeli nuclear stockpiles (see Appendix A).96 In the words of one American, “[the Israelis] can do anything we or the Soviets can do.”97 Vanunu not only made the technical details of the Israeli program and stockpile public but in his wake, Israel began veiled official acknowledgment of the potent Israeli nuclear deterrent. They began bringing the bomb up the basement stairs if not out of the basement.
Israel went on full-scale nuclear alert again on the first day of Desert Storm, 18 January 1991. Seven SCUD missiles were fired against the cities of Tel Aviv and Haifa by Iraq (only two actually hit Tel Aviv and one hit Haifa). This alert lasted for the duration of the war, 43 days. Over the course of the war, Iraq launched around 40 missiles in 17 separate attacks at Israel. There was little loss of life: two killed directly, 11 indirectly, with many structures damaged and life disrupted.98 Several supposedly landed near Dimona, one of them a close miss.99 Threats of retaliation by the Shamir government if the Iraqis used chemical warheads were interpreted to mean that Israel intended to launch a nuclear strike if gas attacks occurred. One Israeli commentator recommended that Israel should signal Iraq that “any Iraqi action against Israeli civilian populations, with or without gas, may leave Iraq without Baghdad.”100 Shortly before the end of the war the Israelis tested a “nuclear capable” missile which prompted the United States into intensifying its SCUD hunting in western Iraq to prevent any Israeli response.101 The Israeli Air Force set up dummy SCUD sites in the Negev for pilots to practice on. They found it no easy task.102 American government concessions to Israel for not attacking (in addition to Israeli Patriot missile batteries) were:
Allowing Israel to designate 100 targets inside Iraq for the coalition to destroy, Satellite downlink to increase warning time on the SCUD attacks (present and future), “Technical parity with Saudi jet fighters in perpetuity.”103
All of this validated the nuclear arsenal in the minds of the Israelis. In particular the confirmed capability of Arab states without a border with Israel, the so-called “second tier” states, to reach out and touch Israel with ballistic missiles confirmed Israel’s need for a robust first strike capability.104 Current military contacts between Israel and India, another nuclear power, bring up questions of nuclear cooperation.105 Pakistani sources have already voiced concerns over a possible joint Israeli-Indian attack on Pakistan’s nuclear facilities.106 A recent Parameters article speculated on Israel’s willingness to furnish nuclear capabilities or assistance to certain states, such as Turkey.107 A retired Israeli Defense Force Chief of Staff, Lieutenant General Amnon Shahak, has declared, “all methods are acceptable in withholding nuclear capabilities from an Arab state.”108
As the Israeli bomb comes out of the basement, open discussion, even in Israel, is occurring on why the Israelis feel they need an arsenal not used in at least two if not three wars. Avner Cohen states: “It [Israel] must be in a position to threaten another Hiroshima to prevent another holocaust.”109 In July 1998 Shimon Peres was quoted in the Jordan Times as saying, “We have built a nuclear option, not in order to have a Hiroshima, but to have an Oslo,”110 referring to the peace process.
One list of current reasons for an Israeli nuclear capability is:
To deter a large conventional attack,
To deter all levels of unconventional (chemical, biological, nuclear) attacks,
To preempt enemy nuclear attacks,
To support conventional preemption against enemy nuclear assets,
To support conventional preemption against enemy non-nuclear (conventional, chemical, biological) assets,
For waging nuclear war,
The “Samson Option” (last resort destruction).111
The most alarming of these is the nuclear warfighting. The Israelis have developed, by several accounts, low yield neutron bombs able to destroy troops with minimal damage to property.112 In 1990, during the Second Gulf War, an Israeli reserve major general recommended to America that it “use non-contaminating tactical nuclear weapons” against Iraq.113 Some have speculated that the Israelis will update their nuclear arsenal to “micronukes” and “tinynukes” which would be very useful to attack point targets and other tactical or barrier (mining) uses.114 These would be very useful for hardened deeply buried command and control facilities and for airfield destruction without exposing Israeli pilots to combat.115 Authors have made the point that Israeli professional military schools do not teach nuclear tactics and would not use them in the close quarters of Israel. Many Israeli officers have attended American military schools where they learned tactical use in crowded Europe.116
However, Jane’s Intelligence Review has recently reported an Israeli review of nuclear strategy with a shift from tactical nuclear warheads to long range missiles.117 Israel always has favored the long reach, whether to Argentina for Adolf Eichmann, to Iraq to strike a reactor, to Entebbe for hostages, to Tunisia to hit the PLO, or by targeting the Soviet Union’s cities. An esteemed Israeli military author has speculated that Israel is pursuing an R&D program to provide MIRVs (multiple independent reentry vehicles) on their missiles.118
The government of Israel recently ordered three German Dolphin Class 800 submarine, to be delivered in late 1999. Israel will then have a second strike capability with nuclear cruise missiles, and this capability could well change the nuclear arms race in the Middle East.119 Israeli rhetoric on the new submarines labels them “national deterrent” assets. Projected capabilities include a submarine-launched nuclear missile with a 350-kilometer range.120 Israel has been working on sea launch capability for missiles since the 1960s.121 The first basing options for the new second-strike force of nuclear missile capable submarines include Oman, an Arab nation with unofficial Israeli relations, located strategically near Iran.122 A report indicates that the Israel Defense Ministry has formally gone to the government with a request to authorize a retaliatory nuclear strike if Israel was hit with first strike nuclear weapons. This report comes in the wake of a recent Iran Shihab-3 missile test and indications to Israel [pure fabrication] that Iran is two to three years from a nuclear warhead.123 Israeli statements stress that Iran’s nuclear potential would be a problem to all and would require “American leadership, with serious participation of the G-7 . . . .”124
A recent study highlighted Israel’s extreme vulnerability to a first strike and an accompanying vulnerability even to a false alarm.125 Syria’s entire defense against Israel seems to rest on chemical weapons and warheads.126 One scenario involves Syria making a quick incursion into the Golan and then threatening chemical strikes, perhaps with a new, more lethal (protective-mask-penetrable) Russian nerve gas if Israel resists.127 Their use would drive Israel to nuclear use. Israeli development of an anti-missile defense, the Arrow, a fully fielded (30-50128) Jericho II ballistic missile, and the soon-to-arrive strategic submarine force, seems to have produced a coming change in defense force structure. The Israeli newspaper Ha’aretz, quotes the Israeli Chief of Staff discussing the establishment of a “strategic command to . . . prepare an adequate response to the long term threats. . . “129 ["A 'Nazi' beneath every rock"?]
The 1994 accord with Jordan, allowing limited Israeli military presence in Jordanian skies, could make the flying distance to several potential adversaries considerably shorter.130 Israel is concerned about Iran’s desire to obtain nuclear weapons [another vile fabrication] and become a regional leader, coupled with large numbers of Shiite Moslems in southern Lebanon. The Israeli Air Force commanding general issued a statement saying Israel would “consider an attack” if any country gets “close to achieving a nuclear capability.”131 The Israelis are obviously considering actions capable of stopping such programs and are buying aircraft such as the F-15 with sufficient operational range. At the first delivery of these 4,000 kilometer range fighters, the Israeli comment was, “the aircraft would help counter a growing nuclear threat.”132 They consider such regional nuclear programs to be a sufficient cause for war. Their record of accomplishment is clear: having hit the early Iraqi nuclear effort, they feel vindicated by Desert Storm. They also feel that only the American and Israeli nuclear weapons kept Iraq’s Saddam Hussein from using chemical or biological weapons against Israel.133
Israel, like Iran, has desires of regional power. The 1956 alliance with France and Britain might have been a first attempt at regional hegemony. Current debate in the Israeli press considers offering Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, and perhaps Syria (after a peace agreement) an Israeli nuclear umbrella of protection.134 A nuclear Iran or Iraq [or so the deception goes] might use its nuclear weapons to protect some states in the region, threaten others, and attempt to control oil prices.135
Another speculative area concerns Israeli nuclear security and possible misuse. What is the chain of decision and control of Israel’s weapons? How susceptible are they to misuse or theft? With no open, frank, public debate on nuclear issues, there has accordingly been no debate or information on existing safeguards. This has led to accusations of “monolithic views and sinister intentions.”1360 Would a right wing military government decide to employ nuclear weapons recklessly? Ariel Sharon, an outspoken proponent of “Greater Israel” was quoted as saying, “Arabs may have the oil, but we have the matches.”137 Could the Gush Emunim, a right wing religious organization, or others, hijack a nuclear device to “liberate” the Temple Mount for the building of the third temple? Chances are small but could increase as radicals decry the peace process.138 A 1997 article reviewing the Israeli Defense Force repeatedly stressed the possibilities of, and the need to guard against, a religious, right wing military coup, especially as the proportion of religious persons in the military increases.139
Israel is a nation with a state religion, but its top leaders are not religious Jews. The intricacies of Jewish religious politics and rabbinical law do affect their politics and decision processes. In Jewish law, there are two types of war, one obligatory and mandatory (milkhemet mitzvah) and the one authorized but optional (milkhemet reshut).140 The labeling of Prime Minister Begin’s “Peace for Galilee” operation as a milchemet brera (“war of choice”) was one of the factors causing it to lose support.141 Interpretation of Jewish law concerning nuclear weapons does not permit their use for mutual assured destruction. However, it does allow possession and threatening their use, even if actual use is not justifiable under the law. Interpretations of the law allow tactical use on the battlefield, but only after warning the enemy and attempting to make peace. How much these intricacies affect Israeli nuclear strategy decisions is unknown.142
The secret nature of the Israeli nuclear program has hidden the increasing problems of the aging Dimona reactor and adverse worker health effects. Information is only now public as former workers sue the government. This issue is now linked to continued tritium production for the boosted anti-tank and anti-missile nuclear warheads that Israeli continues to need. Israel is attempting to obtain a new, more efficient, tritium production technology developed in India.143
One other purpose of Israeli nuclear weapons, not often stated, but obvious, is their “use” on the United States. America does not want Israel’s nuclear profile raised.144 They have been used in the past to ensure America does not desert Israel under increased Arab, or oil embargo, pressure and have forced the United States to support Israeli diplomatically against the Soviet Union. Israel used their existence to guarantee a continuing supply of American conventional weapons, a policy likely to continue.145
Regardless of the true types and numbers (see Appendix A) of Israeli nuclear weapons, they have developed a sophisticated system, by myriad methods, and are a nuclear power to be reckoned with. Their nuclear ambiguity has served their purposes well but Israel is entering a different phase of visibility even as their nuclear capability is entering a new phase. This new visibility may not be in America’s interest.146 Many are predicting the Israeli nuclear arsenal will become less useful “out of the basement” and possibly spur a regional arms race. If so, Israel has a 5-10 year lead time at present before mutual assured destruction, Middle East style, will set in. Would regional mutual second strike capability, easier to acquire than superpower mutual second strike capability, result in regional stability? Some think so.147 Current Israeli President Ezer Weizman has stated “the nuclear issue is gaining momentum [and the] next war will not be conventional.148
Estimates of the Israeli Nuclear Arsenal
1. Hersh, Seymour M., The Samson Option. Israel’s Nuclear Arsenal and American Foreign Policy (New York: Random House, 1991), 223.
2. Aronson, Slomo and Brosh, Oded, The Politics and Strategy of Nuclear Weapons in the Middle East, the Opacity Theory, and Reality, 1960-1991-An Israeli Perspective (Albany, New York: State University of New York Press, 1992), 20.
3. Karsh, Efraim, Between War and Peace: Dilemmas of Israeli Security (London, England: Frank Cass, 1996), 82.
4. Cohen, Avner, Israel and the Bomb (New York: Columbia University Press, 1998), 16.
5. Cordesman, Anthony, Perilous Prospects: The Peace Process and the Arab-Israeli Military Balance (Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1996), 118.
6. Pry, Peter, Israel’s Nuclear Arsenal (Boulder, Colorado: Westview, 1984), 5-6.
7. Quoted in Weissman, Steve and Krosney, Herbert. The Islamic Bomb: The Nuclear Threat to Israel and the Middle East. (New York, New York: Times Books, 1981), 105.
8. “Former Official Says France Helped Build Israel’s Dimona Complex.” Nucleonics Week October 16, 1986, 6.
9. Milhollin, Gary, “Heavy Water Cheaters.” Foreign Policy (1987-88): 101-102.
10. Cordesman, 1991, 127.
11. Federation of American Scientists, “Israel’s Nuclear Weapons Program.” 10 December 1997, n.p. On-line. Internet, 27 October 1998. Available from http://www.fas.org/nuke/hew/Israel/Isrhist.html.
12. Nashif, Taysir N., Nuclear Weapons in Israel (New Delhi: S. B. Nangia Books, 1996), 3.
13. Cohen, Israel and the Bomb, 48-49.
14. Bennett, Jeremy, The Suez Crisis. BBC Video. n.d. Videocassette and Raviv, Dan and Melman, Yossi. Every Spy a Prince. The Complete History of Israel’s Intelligence Community. (Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1990), 63-69.
15. Weissman and Krosney, 112.
16. “Revealed: The Secrets of Israel’s Nuclear Arsenal” (London) Sunday Times No. 8,461, 5 October 1986, 1, 4-5.
17. Cohen, Israel and the Bomb, 57-59.
18. Peres, Shimon, Battling for Peace. A Memoir (New York, New York: Random House, 1995), 122.
19. Pry, 10.
20. Loftus, John and Aarons, Mark, The Secret War Against the Jews. How Western Espionage Betrayed the Jewish People (New York, New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 1994), 287-303.
21. Green, Stephen, Taking Sides. America’s Secret Relations with a Militant Israel (New York: William Morrow and Company, 1984), 152.
22. Cohen, Avner, “Most Favored Nation.” The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. 51, no. 1 (January-February 1995): 44-53.
23. Hersh, The Samson Option, 196.
24. See Cohen, Avner, “Israel’s Nuclear History: The Untold Kennedy-Eshkol Dimona Correspondence.” Journal of Israeli History, 1995 16, no. 2, 159-194 and Cohen, Avner, Comp. “Recently Declassified 1963 Correspondence between President Kennedy and Prime Ministers Ben-Gurion and Eshkol.” Journal of Israeli History, 1995 16, no. 2, 195-207. Much of the documentation has been posted to http:\\www.seas.gwu.edu/nsarchive/israel.
25. Weissman and Krosney, op. cit.,114-117
26. Cohen, op. cit., Israel and the Bomb, 82-83.
27. Spector, Leonard S., The Undeclared Bomb (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Ballinger Publishers, 1988), 387 (n.22).
28. Quoted in Stevens, Elizabeth. “Israel’s Nuclear Weapons”A Case Study.” 14 pages. On line. Internet, 23 October 1998. Available from
29. Green, Taking Sides, 148-179 and Raviv, Dan and Melman, Yossi, 1990, 197-198.
30. Weissman and Krosney, 119-124.
31. Black, Ian and Morris, Benny, Israel’s Secret Wars. A history of Israel’s Intelligence Services (New York, New York: Grove Weidenfeld, 1991), 418-419.
32. Hersh, 257.
33. Green, Stephen, Living by the Sword: America and Israel in the Middle East, 1968-1987 (London: Faber, 1988), 63-80.
34. Cordesman, 1991, 120.
35. Weissman and Krosney, 124-128 and Raviv, Dan and Melman, Yossi, 1990, 198-199.
36. Spector, The Undeclared Bomb, 395(n. 57).98-199
37. Raviv, Dan and Melman, Yossi, 1990, 58.
38. Milhollin, 100-119.
39. Stanghelle, Harold, “Israel to sell back 10.5 tons.” Arbeiderbladet, Oslo, Norway, 28 June 1990 in: Center for Nonproliferation Studies, “Nuclear Developments,” 28 June 1990, 34-35; on-line, Internet 22 November 1998, available from http://cns.miis.edu.
40. Hersh, op. cit., 139.
41. Center for Nonproliferation Studies. “Israeli Friends,” ISIS Report, May 1994, 4; on-line, Internet 22 November 1998, available from http://cns.miis.edu.
42. Abecasis, Rachel, “Uranium reportedly offered to China, Israel.” Radio Renascenca, Lisbon, 9 December 1992 quoted in Center for Nonproliferation, “Proliferation Issues,” 23 December, 1992, 25; on-line, Internet 22 November 1998, available from http://cns.miis.edu.
43. Cohen, Israel and the Bomb, op. cit., 231-232 and 256-257.
44. Nordeen, Lon O., Nicolle, David, Phoenix over the Nile (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institute Press, 1996), 192-193.
45. O’Balance, Edgar, The Third Arab-Israeli War (London: Faber and Faber, 1972), 54.
46. Brecher, Michael, Decision in Crisis. Israel, 1967 and 1973 (Berkley, California: University of California Press, 1980), 104, 230-231.
47. Cohen, Avner. “Cairo, Dimona, and the June 1967 War.” Middle East Journal 50, no. 2 (Spring 1996), 190-210.
48. Creveld, Martin van. The Sword and the Olive. A Critical History of the Israeli Defense Force (New York, New York: Public Affairs, 1998), 174.
49. Burrows, William E. and Windrem, Robert, Critical Mass. The Dangerous Race for Superweapons in a Fragmenting World (New York, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994), 282-283.
50. Aronson, Shlomo, Israel’s Nuclear Options, ACIS Working Paper No. 7. Los Angeles, California: University of California Center for Arms Control and International Security, 1977, 3, and Sorenson, David S., “Middle East Regional Studies-AY99,” Air War College: Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, 542.
51. Hersh, op. cit., 126-128.
52. Cohen, Israel and the Bomb, op. cit., 210-213.
53. Spector, Leonard S., “Foreign-Supplied Combat Aircraft: Will They Drop the Third World Bomb?” Journal of International Affairs 40, no. 1(1986): 145 (n. 5) and Green, Living by the Sword, op. cit., 18-19.
54. Burrows and Windrem, op. cit., 280.
55. Cohen, op. cit., Israel and the Bomb, 237.
56. Ibid., 273-274.
57. Milhollin, op. cit., 103-104.
58. Raviv, Dan and Melman, Yossi, Friend in Deed: Inside the U.S.-Israel Alliance (New York New York: Hyperion, 1994), 299.
59. Burrows and Windrem, op. cit., 464-465 and Raviv, Dan and Melman, Yossi, op. cit., 1990, 304-305.
60. Spector, The Undeclared Bomb, op. cit., 179.
61. Dowty, Alan. “Israel and Nuclear Weapons.” Midstream 22, no. 7 (November 1976), 8-9.
62. Hersh, op. cit., 217, 222-226, and Weissman and Krosney, op. cit., 107.
63. Green, op. cit., Living by the Sword, 90-99.
64. Loftus and Aarons, op. cit., 316-317.
65 Smith, Gerard C. and Cobban, Helena. “A Blind Eye To Nuclear Proliferation.” Foreign Affairs 68, no. 3(1989), 53-70.
66. Hersh, op. cit., 230-231.
67. O’Balance, Edgar, No Victor, No Vanquished. The Yom Kippur War (San Rafael, California: Presido Press, 1978), 175.
68. Ibid., 234-235 and Aronson, S, op. cit., 15-18.
69. Spector, The Undeclared Bomb, op. cit., 396 (n. 62); Garthoff, Raymond L., Détente and Confrontation: American-Soviet Relations from Nixon to Reagan (Washington, DC: The Brookings Institute, 1994), 426, n76 and Bandmann, Yona and Cordova, Yishai. “The Soviet Nuclear Threat Towards the Close of the Yom Kippur War.” Jerusalem Journal of International Relations 1980 5, no. 1, 107-9.
70. Cherkashin, Nikolai, “On Moscow’s Orders.” Russian Life, 39, no. 10 (October 1996), 13-15.
71. Brownlow, Cecil. “Soviets poise three-front global drive. Nuclear weapons in Egypt, artillery buildup at Guantanamo, Communist concentrations in Vietnam aimed at political gains.” Aviation Week and Space Technology 99, no. 19 (5 November 1973), 12-14; Holt, Robert. “Soviet Power Play.” Aviation Week and Space Technology 99, no. 19 (5 November 1973), 7 and Gur-Arieh, Danny, “A non-Conventional Look at Israel During ’73 War.” IsraelWire Tuesday, October 6, 1998 17, 23; on-line, Internet 20 November 1998, available from http://www.israelwire.com/new/981006/9810068.html.
72. Hersh, op. cit., 321-235.
73. Creveld, 1998, op. cit., 220-221.
74. Evron, Yair, Israel’s Nuclear Dilemma (Ithaca, New York: Cornell Publishing, 1994), 62-74.
75. Cohen, Avner, “Peres: Peacemaker, Nuclear Pioneer.” The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. 52, no. 3 (May/June 1996), 16-17 and Aronson, S, op. cit., 11-12.
76. Karsh, op. cit., 86.
77. Quoted in Hersh, op. cit., 180 and Stevens, op. cit., 1-14.
78. Hersh, op. cit., 216, 276 and Kaku, Michio. “Contingency Plans: Nuclear Weapons after the Cold War.” In Altered States: A Reader in the New World Order, Bennis, Phyllis and Moushabeck, Michel, Eds. (New York, New York: 1993), 66.
79. Weissman and Krosney, op. cit., 109.
80. Gillette, Robert, “Uranium Enrichment: Rumors of Israeli Progress with Lasers.” Science 183, no. 4130 (22 March 1974), 1172-1174.
81. Barnaby, Frank, The Invisible Bomb: The Nuclear Arms Race in the Middle East (London: I. B. Tauris, 1988), 25.
82. “Israel: The Covert Connection.” Frontline, PBS Network, May 16, 1989, quoted in Spector, Leonard S., and McDonough, Mark G., with Medeiros, Evan S., Tracking Nuclear Proliferation. A Guide in Maps and Charts, 1995 (Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1995).
83. Nashif, Taysir N., Nuclear Weapons in the Middle East: Dimensions and Responsibilities (Princeton, New Jersey: Kingston Press, 1984), 22-23.
84. Hersh, op. cit., 216.
85. Barnaby, Frank, “Capping Israel’s Nuclear Volcano,” Between War and Peace. Dilemmas of Israeli Security, edited by Efraim Karsh (London, England: Frank Cass, 1996), 98.
86. Hersh, op. cit., 271-275.
87. Nashif, op. cit., 32.
88. Gaffney, Mark, Dimona: The Third Temple? The Story Behind the Vanunu Revelation (Brattleboro, Vermont: Amana Books, 1989), 100-101.
89. Pedatzur, Re’uven, “South African Statement On Nuclear Test Said to Serve Israel,” Ha’aretz, 29 July 1997. On line: Internet, 22 November 1998 and Kelley, Robert. “The Iraqi and South African Nuclear W”ôNuclear Abstracts,” 1 March 1996, or on-line, Internet, 22 November 1998, both available from http://cns.miis.edu.
90. “Was there a Nuclear Test near Eilat?” IsraelWire, 16 June 1998, or on line Internet, 22 November, 1998, available from http://www.israelwire.com and “Deputy Defense Minister Denies Israeli Nuclear Testing.” Israeli Wire, June 18, 1998, or on-line. Internet, 13 October 1998, available from http://www.israelwire.com/New/980618/9806184.html.
91. McKinnon, Dan. Bullseye One Reactor. The Story of Israel’s Bold Surprise Air Attack That Destroyed Iraqi’s Nuclear Bomb Facility (Shrewsbury, England: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 1987).
92. “Russian Foreign Intelligence Service, Report on the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, Moscow, 1993.” Journal of Palestine Studies XXII, no. 4 (Summer 1993): 135-140; Creveld, Martin van, Nuclear Proliferation and the Future Of Conflict (New York: The Free Press, 1993), 105; and Clark, Philip. “ôThird successful Israeli satellite launch.” Jane’s Intelligence Review 7, no. 6 (June 1995), 25-26.
93. Sunday Times, London, op. cit., 1,4-5.
94. Toscano, Louis, Triple Cross: Israel, the Atomic Bomb and the Man Who Spilled the Secrets (New York: Carol Publishing Group, 1990).
95. Green, Living by the Sword, op. cit., 134.
96. Spector, The Undeclared Bomb, op. cit., 165-166.
97. Hersh, op. cit., 291.
98. Levran, Aharon, Israeli Strategy after Desert Storm: Lessons from the Second Gulf War (London: Frank Cass, 1997), 1-10.
99. Burrows and Windrem, op. cit., 278.
100. Cohen, Avner and Miller, Marvin, Nuclear Shadows in the Middle East: Prospects for Arms Control in the Wake of the Gulf Crisis (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1990), 10.
101. Aronson and Brosh, op. cit., 276.
102. Raviv and Melman, op. cit., 399.
103. Burrows and Windrem, op. cit., 297n and Creveld, 1998, op. cit., 321-322.
104. Levran, op. cit., 8-10.
105. Ahmar, Moonis, “Pakistan and Israel: Distant Adversaries or Neighbors?” Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, 1996, 20, no.1, 43-44.
106. “Nuclear proliferation didn’t start in 1998 . . .and not in Pakistan nor with Islam,” Middle East Realities, or on-line, Internet, 21 September 1998, available from http://www.middleeast.org/1998_06_28.htm.
107. Garrity, Patrick J. “The Next Nuclear Questions.” Parameters, XXV, no. 4 (Winter 1995-96), 92-111.
108. Cohen, Eliezer. Israel’s best defense: the First Full Story of the Israeli Air Force, (New York, New York: Random House, 1993), 495.
109. Cohen and Miller, op. cit., 18.
110. “Before Meeting with King, Peres Claims Israel’s Nuclear Arsenal was built for Peace,” Jordan Times, July 14, 1998. Quoted in Sorenson, op. cit., 542.
111. Beres, Louis Rene, “Israel’s Bomb in the Basement: A revisiting of `Deliberate Ambiguity’ vs. `Disclosure’, Between War and Peace: Dilemmas of Israeli Security, edited by Efraim Harsh (London, England: Frank Cass, 1996), 113-133.
112. Hersh, op. cit., 319.
113. Amos, Deborah, Lines in the Sand: Desert Storm and the Remaking of the Arab World (New York, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1992), 105.
114. Dowler, Thomas W. and Howard II, Joseph H., “Countering the threat of the well-armed tyrant: A modest proposal for small nuclear weapons,” Strategic Review, XIX, no. 4 (Fall 1991), 34-40.
115. Beres, Louis Rene, “Israel’s bomb in the basement: A revisiting of `Deliberate Ambiguity’ vs. `Disclosure.’ ” In Karsh, Efraim, op. cit., Editor, Between War and Peace: Dilemmas of Israeli Security (London, England: Frank Cass, 1996), 116.
116. Cordesman, op. cit., 1996, 265.
117. Hough, Harold, “Israel reviews its nuclear deterrent,” Jane’s Intelligence Review 10, no.11 (November 1998), 11-13.
118. Creveld, op. cit., 1993, 105.
119. Burrows, and Windrem, op. cit., 311-312 and “Israel begins test of nuclear missile submarines,” The Irish Times, July 2, 1998, or on-line, Internet, 24 December 1998, available from http://www.irish-times.com/irish-times/paper/1998/0702/wor13.html.
120. Melman, Yossi, “Swimming with the Dolphins,” Ha’aretz, Tuesday, June 9, 1998, and “Report: Israel to get Subs with Nuclear Strike Capability,” Jerusalem Post, I July 3, 1998, 3 and Sorenson, op. cit., 543.
121. Raviv, Dan and Melman, Yossi, op. cit., 1990, 344-345, 422-423.
122. Shahak, Israel, Open Secrets: Israeli Nuclear and Foreign Policies (London: Pluto Press, 1997), 72-73.
123. Davis, Douglas, “Defense Officials Said Urging Nuclear Second-Strike Capability,” Jerusalem Post, 6 August 1998, 3; or on-line, Internet, 22 November 1998, available from http://cns.miis.edu.
124. Inbar, Efraim, “Israel’s security in a new international environment,” in Karsh, Efraim, Editor, Between War and Peace: Dilemmas of Israeli Security (London, England: Frank Cass, 1996), 41.
125. Hough, Harold, “Could Israel’s Nuclear Assets Survive a First Strike?” Jane’s Intelligence Review, September 1997, 407-410.
126. Terrill, W. Andrew, “The Chemical Warfare Legacy of the Yemen War.” Comparative Strategy, 10 (1991), 109-119.
127. Boyne, Sean, “Across the Great Divide. Will Assad go for the Golan?” Jane’s Intelligence Review, 10, no. 4 (April 1998), 21-24 and Cordesman, 1996, op. cit., 254.
128. Cordesman, op. cit., 1996, 243.
129, Harel, Amos and Barzilai, Amnon, “Mordechai says Arrow alone cannot protect against missiles,” Ha’aretz, 13 January 1999, or on-line, Internet, 13 January 1999, available from http://www3.haaretz.co.il/eng/htmls/3_9.htm
130. Shahak, op. cit., 78-79.
131. Chubin, Shahram, “Does Iran Want Nuclear Weapons?” Survival 37, no. 1 (Spring 1995), 91-93.
132. O’Sullivan, Arich, “New F-15I Warplanes Expand Israel’s Reach,” The Jerusalem Post, 19 January 1997, or on-line, Internet 22 November 1998, available from http://www.jpost.co.il.
133. Karsh, op. cit., 9.
134. Shahak, op. cit., 4-5.
135. Garrity, op. cit., 92-111.
136. Dowty, op. cit., 8.
137. Gaffney, op. cit., 165.
138. Ibid., 37-38 and Friedman, Robert I. Zealots for Zion: Inside Israel’s West Bank Settlement Movement (New York, New York: Random House, 1992), 132-52.
139. Blanche, Ed, “Is the Myth Fading for the Israeli Army? ” Part 1.” Jane’s Intelligence Review, 8, no. 12 (December 1996), 547-550 and Blanche, Ed. “Is the myth fading for the Israeli Army? ” Part 2,” Jane’s Intelligence Review 9, no. 1 (January 1997), 25-28.
140. Cohen, Stuart A., The Scroll or the Sword? Dilemmas of Religion and Military Service in Israel (Amsterdam, Netherlands: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1997), 11-24.
141. Creveld, op. cit., 1998, 298.
142. Broyde, Michael J., “Fighting the War and the Peace: Battlefield Ethics, Peace Talks, Treaties, and Pacifism in the Jewish Tradition,” or on-line, Internet, 20 November 1998, available from http://www.jlaw.com/Articles/war3.html.
143. Hough, Harold, op. cit., 1998, 11-12 and Berger, Julian, “Court Fury At Israeli Reactor.” Guardian, 13 October 1997, in Center for Nonproliferation, “Nuclear Abstracts,” 13 October 1997, or on-line, Internet, 22 November 1998, available from http://cns.miis.edu.
144. Creveld, op. cit., 1998, 252.
145. Valry, Nicholas, “Israel’s Silent Gamble with the Bomb,” New Scientist (12 December 1974), 807-09.
146. Harden, Major James D., Israeli Nuclear Weapons and War in the Middle East, Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, December 1997.
147. Dowdy, op. cit., 20.
148. Aronson, Geoffrey, “Hidden Agenda: US-Israeli Relations and the Nuclear Question,” Middle East Journal, 46, no. 4 (Autumn 1992), 619-630.
149. Data from Time, 12 April 1976, quoted in Weissman and Krosney, op. cit., 107.
150. Burrows and Windrem, op. cit., 280 and Cohen, Israel and the Bomb, op. cit., 273-274.
151. Tahtinen, Dale R., The Arab-Israel Military Balance Today (Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 1973), 34.
152. “How Israel Got the Bomb.” Time, 12 April 1976, 39.
153. Burrows and Windrem, op. cit., 302.
154. Kaku, op. cit., 66 and Hersh, op. cit., 216.
155. Valéry, op. cit., 807-09.
156. Data from CIA, quoted in Weissman and Krosney, op. cit., 109.
157. Ottenberg, Michael, “Estimating Israel’s Nuclear Capabilities,” Command, 30 (October 1994), 6-8.
158. Pry, op. cit., 75.
159. Ibid., 111.
160. Data from NBC Nightly News, quoted in Milhollin, op. cit., 104 and Burrows and Windrem, op. cit., 308.
161. Data from Vanunu quoted in Milhollin, op. cit., 104.
162. Harkavy, Robert E. “After the Gulf War: The Future of the Israeli Nuclear Strategy,” The Washington Quarterly (Summer 1991), 164.
163. Burrows and Windrem, op. cit., 308.
164. Albright, David, Berkhout, Frans and Walker, William, Plutonium and Highly Enriched Uranium 1996. World Inventories, Capabilities, and Policies (New York: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute And Oxford University Press, 1997), 262-263.
165. Hough, Harold, “Israel’s Nuclear Infrastructure,” Jane’s Intelligence Review 6, no. 11 (November 1994), 508.
166. Ibid., 262-263.
167. Spector, and McDonough, with Medeiros, op. cit., 135.
168. Burrows and Windrem, op. cit., 283-284.
169. Cordesman, op. cit., 1996, 234.
170. Ibid., 234.
171. Ibid., 230, 243.
172. Brower, Kenneth S., “A Propensity for Conflict: Potential Scenarios and Outcomes of War in the Middle East,” Jane’s Intelligence Review, Special Report no. 14, (February 1997), 14-15.
173. Albright, Berkhout, and Walker, op. cit., 262-263.
USAF Counterproliferation Center
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Israel’s Open Secret: Nuclear Armed and Dangerous
by Stephen Lendman
April 24th, 2010
Source: Dissident Voice
For many years, Israel’s open secret is that it’s one of eight known nuclear powers, including America and Russia with about 97% of the world’s arsenal according to Helen Caldicott in her book Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer. The others are Britain, France, China, India, and Pakistan — North Korea a declared but unverified one.
In her January 20, 2009 Canadian Medical Association Journal article titled “Obama and the opportunity to eliminate nuclear weapons,” Caldicott wrote:
“The Cold War is over, but the threat of nuclear war is not. Little progress has been made since 1989 when the Berlin Wall collapsed. In fact, the threat of nuclear annihilation has escalated. In 1972, when 5 nuclear nations… signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty, they agreed to rapidly disarm. They have done the opposite,” resulting in a greater than ever threat, the Pentagon’s new Nuclear Posture Review and US-Russia deal doing nothing to reverse it.
In his 1991 book, The Samson Option: Israel’s Nuclear Arsenal and America Foreign Policy, Seymour Hersh discussed its strategy to launch a massive nuclear counterattack if it felt its existence threatened, the stark message being the next regional war may be nuclear.
In his 1997 book, Open Secrets: Israeli Nuclear and Foreign Policies, Israel Shahak said that, helped by the Israeli Lobby (and Christian Zionists), “Israel (is) clearly prepar(ing) itself to seek overtly a hegemony over the entire Middle East (with no) hesitati(on) to use for the purpose all means available, including nuclear ones.”
Shahak also explained that Israel regards “the launching of missiles (onto its territory) as ‘nonconventional’ regardless of whether they are equipped with explosives or poison gas.” In turn, Israel’s nuclear doctrine dictates that a “nonconventional” attack requires one in response, meaning a nuclear one, the foundation of its grand strategy, according to Shahak.
According to Hebrew University’s Professor of Military History Martin Van Creveld, “We have the capability to take the world down with us. And I can assure you (it) will happen before Israel goes under.”
Israel maintains a double standard. It won’t let another Middle East state acquire nuclear weapons, but will never give up its own or the right to use them preemptively.
Background on Israel’s Nuclear Development
It began with its 1948 founding, David Ben-Gurion (Israel’s first prime minister) having told Ehud Avriel, a European operative and later MK, to recruit East European Jewish scientists who could “either increase the capacity to kill masses or to cure masses; both are important.”
One was Avraham Marcus Klingberg, later an Israeli chemical and biological weapons (CBW) expert and deputy director of the Israel Institute of Biological Research in Ness Ziona, south of Tel Aviv. More on Israel’s CBW program below.
Another was Ernst David Bergmann, “father of the Israeli bomb” in charge of the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission (IAEC). Ben-Gurion was determined to have a “nuclear option” and other “non-conventional” weapons (WMDs) to counter the Arabs’ numerical advantage. In his farewell address to the Israeli Armaments Development Authority (RAFAEL), Ben-Gurion defended the strategy saying:
“I am confident, based not only on what I heard today, that our science can provide us with the weapons that are needed to deter our enemies from waging war against us.”
Ben-Gurion and later prime minister Shimon Peres became the leading forces behind Israel’s nuclear and CBWs programs.
In the late 1940s, Israel and France began collaborating, at the time the IDF Science Corps searched the Negev desert for recoverable uranium. In 1952, the IAEC was established. The Dimona Nuclear Research Center/reactor was secretly completed in 1964 near Bersheeba in the Negev — a heavy water moderated, natural uranium reactor/plutonium reprocessing plant to make nuclear weapons. Designed as a 24 megawatt facility, its cooling system had far more capacity than needed, none for electrical generation, and its plutonium reprocessing capability signified an intent to produce nuclear weapons.
After the 1967 Six Day War, Defense Minister Moshe Dayan ordered full-scale production, averaging 4-12 bombs per year. US presidents since Lyndon Johnson supported the program. At the same time, it is believed that testing took place in the Negev, jointly with France in Algeria, later in the Indian Ocean, and perhaps elsewhere.
By the early 1970s, Israel had advanced nuclear technology, world class scientists, and several dozen bombs ready to launch. Today it’s believed it has hundreds and a delivery system able to hit distant targets accurately.
Earlier, with inadequate uranium supplies, it acquired some clandestinely, and by the late 1960s through close collaboration with South Africa — supplying technological expertise in return for the needed material, the arrangement lasting until apartheid ended in the early 1990s.
France and South Africa were Israel’s main collaborators, but also America by going along, staying silent to this day, and initially providing a 5 megawatt highly enriched uranium research reactor as part of Eisenhower’s “Atoms for Peace” program. According to journalist Mark Gaffney, Israel’s program “was possible only because of (its) calculated deception… and willing complicity on the part of the US.” [Complicity which, as stressed further above, began only after John F. Kennedy's assassination.]
Israeli scientists were trained at US universities and had access to domestic weapons labs. Since the early 1970s, advanced technology transfers were made, including supercomputers able to design sophisticated nuclear weapons and delivery systems. Mordechai Vanunu’s mid-1980s documented revelations provided proof.
Mordechai Vanunu: Heroic Whistleblower/Victim of Israeli Retaliatory Viciousness
A Dimona nuclear technician, he smuggled out dozens of photos and scientific documents, published by the London Sunday Times on October 5, 1986, headlined:
“Revealed — the secrets of Israel’s nuclear arsenal/Atomic technician Mordechai Vanunu reveals secret weapons production,” saying: “THE SECRETS of a subterranean factory engaged in the manufacture of Israeli nuclear weapons have been uncovered by the Sunday Times Insight team.
Hidden beneath the Negev desert, the factory has been producing nuclear atomic warheads for the last 20 years. Now it has almost certainly begun manufacturing thermo-nuclear weapons, with yields big enough to destroy entire cities.”
The Times named Vanunu as its source, having worked at Dimona for nearly 10 years in “Machon 2 — a top secret, underground bunker built to provide the vital components necessary for weapons production…”
Nuclear experts examined Vanunu’s documents, called them genuine, and concluded that Israel’s sophisticated technology enabled it “to build up a formidable nuclear arsenal.”
According to Theodore Taylor, a world expert at the time:
“There should no longer be any doubt that Israel is, and for at least a decade has been, a fully-fledged nuclear weapons state… considerably more advanced than (earlier) indicated…”
Other top nuclear scientists agreed — Israel was, and today is, a world nuclear power, possessing sophisticated technology and weapons. Vanunu’s revelations cost him dearly. On October 12, 1986, The Times headlined his September 30 disappearance, five days before his story broke.
Mossad lured him to Rome, then drugged, beat, and kidnapped him. He was secretly tried in 1986-87, and sentenced to 18 years in prison for espionage and treason in harsh isolated confinement in a six square meter cell.
Released in 2004, his behavior and movements were restricted. As a result, harassing arrests followed after giving foreign journalists interviews and trying to leave Israel. He said he suffered “cruel and barbaric treatment” in prison, which comes as no surprise since torture is official Israeli policy, usually for Palestinians, but for anyone security services target.
On July 2, 2007, Vanunu was again imprisoned for six months for speaking to foreign journalists, later reduced to three months by the Jerusalem District Court “In light of (his) ailing health and the absence of claims that his actions put the country’s security in jeopardy.”
Daniel Ellsberg called him “the preeminent hero of the nuclear era.” He says “I am neither a traitor nor a spy, I only wanted the world to know what was happening.” On December 28, 2009, he was arrested again following his alleged meeting with his girlfriend, a Norwegian national, then transferred to house arrest.
On April 14, 2010, Vanunu said “The restrictions, not to leave the country for one more year (were) renewed. Now 7 years since my release AFTER 18 years in an Israeli PRISON.”
He was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize each year from 1988-2004. In March 2009, he asked the Nobel Committee to remove his name from consideration, and in February 2010 again declined the honor.
In 1979, he was awarded the Right Livelihood Award, the alternative Nobel Prize, “for outstanding vision and work on behalf of our planet and its people,” and in 2001, Norway’s University of Tromsoe honored him as a Doctor Honoris Causa (History).
John Steinbach on Israel’s Nuclear Program
In 2009, The Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research (ECSSR- nuclearfiles.org) published Steinbach’s paper titled, “The Israeli Nuclear Weapons Program,” saying:
“With several hundred weapons and a robust delivery system, Israel has quietly supplanted Britain as the world’s fifth largest nuclear power, and now rivals France and China in terms of the size of its nuclear arsenal,” despite an official ambiguity about an advanced sophisticated program. As a result, a combination of expert analysis and whistleblower revelations provided what’s known. Also occasional slips, like in December 2006 when Prime Minister Ehud Olmert told Germany’s Sat. 1 channel:
“Iran, openly, explicitly and publicly, threatens to wipe Israel off the map. Can you say that this is the same level, when they are aspiring to have nuclear weapons, as America, France, Israel and Russia?” Backtracking after a meeting with Chancellor Angela Merkel, he said:
“Israel has said many times — and I also said this to German television in an interview — that we will not be the first country that introduces nuclear weapons to the Middle East… That was our position (earlier). That is our position (now) — nothing has changed.” [Doublespeak?]
Since the 1970s, Israel’s official position is that it chose “an option to produce electricity using nuclear reactors. (This) requires promoting nuclear knowledge and research, preparing sites suitable for building nuclear power plants,” and weighing the economic benefits.
According to Steinbach:
“Despite this claim, an exhaustive search of publicly available sources indicates the existence of no meaningful Israeli civilian nuclear energy program, past or present…. From its inception, the Israeli nuclear program has centered on developing a nuclear weapons program, with any other nuclear program being incidental.”
Steinbach also cites estimates of Israel’s arsenal at “from 100 to over 400 bombs,” there being “little doubt that (its) weapons are among the world’s most sophisticated, and largely designed for war fighting.” They include:
– “boosted fission weapons and small neutron bombs, designed to maximize deadly gamma radiation while minimizing blast effects and long-term radiation; in essence, designed to kill people while leaving property intact;”
– long range ballistic missiles;
– sophisticated aircraft able to deliver a nuclear strike;
– cruise missiles, artillery shells, and land mines with the same capability;
– “In June 2000, an Israeli submarine launched a cruise missile that hit a target 950 miles away, making Israel only the third nation (besides) the US and Russia with that capability;”
– Israel maintains triad strength, including strategic bombers, ballistic missiles, and submarines, able to strike well beyond the Middle East; and
– overall, Israel’s capability “is much greater than any conceivable need for defensive deterrence;” like America, it’s for preemptive offense, and given both nations’ belligerence, some day they may launch them aggressively without cause, claiming, of course, it’s defensive.
According to Jane’s Intelligence Review, Dimona’s reactor “is suffering severe damage from 35 years of operation,” worrisome enough for Israeli nuclear scientists to call for its shutdown to avert a potential catastrophe. Also at issue are internal radiological hazards, revealed on a March 2003 BBC program with five Dimona workers discussing the effects on their health.
Israel’s Chemical and Biological Weapons (CBW)
Israel signed the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) but didn’t ratify it. It refused to sign the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention (BWC), and maintains a policy of CBW ambiguity. It’s not known but believed that its Nes Tziyona Biological Institute produces sophistical chemical and biological weapons and state-of-the-art delivery systems.
However, in 1993, the US Congress Office of Technology Assessment WMD proliferation assessment included Israel as a nation having undeclared offensive chemical warfare capabilities. In 1998, former Deputy Assistant Defense Secretary Bill Richardson said:
“I have no doubt that Israel has worked on both chemical and biological offensive things for a long time. There’s no doubt they’ve had these for years.”
It’s also believed it has a sophisticated BW capability, and is likely producing, maintaining, and updating its stockpile. [And, in spite of all evidence, it is precisely these reports that Israel routinely dismisses as "modern day blood-libel."]
On August 7, 2006, Paola Manduca’s Global Research article headlined, “New and unknown deadly weapons used by Israeli forces: ‘direct energy weapons, chemical and/or biological agents, in a macabre experiment of future warfare.”
It referred to the summer Lebanon/Gaza offensives, citing reports of “New and strange symptoms… reported amongst the wounded and the dead.
Bodies with dead tissue and no apparent wounds; ‘shrunken’ corpses; civilians with heavy damage to lower limbs that require amputation, which is nevertheless followed by unstoppable necrosis (dying cells and living tissue) and death; descriptions of extensive internal wounds with no trace of shrapnel, corpses blackened but not burnt, and others heavily wounded that did not bleed.”
On July 11, 2006, Ma’an News Service cited the Palestinian health ministry saying Israel used a new type explosive in Gaza, containing “toxins and radioactive materials which burn and tear the victim’s body from the inside and leave long term deformations.”
On July 11, 2006, Gulf News said a Palestinian doctor “accused Israel of using a type of chemical ammunition which causes burns and injuries in soft tissue and cannot be traced by X-ray.” Severe internal wounds were reported.
Since the second Intifada’s inception, reports cite “unknown gas” attacks, possibly a nerve agent, anyone breathing it losing consciousness immediately for about 24 hours with high fevers and rigid muscles. Some needed urgent blood transfusions. Asked but not known is whether this is chemical/and or biological warfare.
International law bans these weapons. Israel tests new ones in conflict zones — in 2006 in Lebanon and in 2008-2009 against Gazans during Operation Cast Lead .
Treating the victims, Norwegian Dr. Mads Gilbert cited white phosphorous that burns flesh to the bone. Also depleted uranium and a new close-range explosive causing severe injuries, including battlefield amputations. Children, he said, had their legs cut off, abdomens sliced open, or simply killed outright.
On September 9, 2004, Haaretz (by DPA) headlined, “ElBaradei: Israel’s nuclear arms blocking Mideast peace,” quoting him from the Sydney Morning Herald saying:
Addressing Israel’s nuclear arsenal must be part of a peace process settlement. “This is not really sustainable that you have Israel sitting with nuclear weapons capability there while everyone else is part of the non-proliferation regime…. It is a very emotional issue in the Middle East.”
While Israel maintains ambiguity and world leaders keep mum, Turkey’s Prime Minister Recep Erdogan, not shy about confronting Israel, said this before attending Obama’s nuclear summit:
“We have yet to see an international community, which is so sensitive about Iran’s nuclear program, taking a firm stance against Israel,” a notorious nuclear outlaw. “We do not want to see nuclear armament in our region. Our policy on this issue is very clear no matter which country has it. That could be Israel or Iran or any other country.”
On April 14 in Paris, Erdogan called Israel the biggest threat to Middle East peace, not just because of its nuclear arsenal, but for its disproportionate force against Palestinians. His comments came a day after Israel compared him to Libya’s Gaddafi and Venezuela’s Chavez, a sign of continued frayed relations between the two nations, including an angry exchange with Israeli President Shimon Peres at the January World Economic Forum.
He’s now confronting Israel’s nuclear threat, a real one under its first strike doctrine to destroy the entire region if threatened. With its history of open belligerence, the possibility is too great to ignore, and too important not to confront given the consequences if initiated.
[...] even referring to, they often (either through ignorance or conscious intent) divert attention from the true conspirators through clumsy allusions to, say, the Freemasons, the Skull and Bones fraternity, the Illuminati, [...]
[...] by revealing that “US officials helped to suppress the information they gathered on Dimona,” i.e, Israel’s Negev Nuclear Research Center. The book spent three weeks on [...]
[...] F. Kennedy’s direct diplomatic pressures for U.S. inspections of Israel’s Dimona reactor grew throughout 1962-1963. During a Dec. 27, [...]
[...] chemical attack in as little as 45 minutes after the order is given… This regime is seeking a nuclear bomb, and with fissile material could build one within a [...]
Points not commonly known(and known) : The man who shot Oswald was named Jacob Leon Rubenstein. He was a member of a Jewish Crime Family. The man who filmed the murder was also Jewish.
The patsy would have been known to the Zionist Jews via information gained from the Bolshevik Jews from Oswald’s time in the USSR where he would have be known; ex-US service members immigrating to the USSR was not a usual occurrence. E
The patsy himself turned to Communism after reading of the Rosenburgs, the Jewish couple who gave US nuclear information to the Soviets allowing the Soviets to build the “bomb”. The patsy spent much time in the Soviet Union allowing for his exposure to the Jewish comrades of the Jewish Zionists. In Mexico City where Oswald spent time both Mossad and the KGB had heavy activity.
The Mafia, run by a Jewish gangster, also wanted revenge for the lack of Kennedy’s returning Cuba to them. When Lansky lost Cuba he lost billions. It’s also well know Kennedy’s overall relationship with the Mafia was poor.
You have Kennedy killed by a man (according to the official story) who would have been heavily exposed to Jewish interests, supposedly killing a man in an assassination filmed by a Jewish man. The supposed assassin is then killed by a Jewish gangster.
Meyer didn’t get Cuba back, but Im sure he smiled when the film he paid to be made was delivered to him. And ben-Gurion, he protected (in a sense) Israel from blame with his resignation after giving Meyer the go ahead and also guaranteed his nation a game changing weapon.
Since Kennedy’s election Jewish power has overwhelmed the US. Coup d’etat indeed.
The impasse in Israeli-US relations under JFK made furious PM Israel Ben-Gurion, to the point where it suddenly left his post as prime minister.
Ben-Gurion, Israel's nuclear bomb was literally "holy" sacred. It is the object of worship par excellence, the Holy of Holies of Israel.
Moreover, recently declassified documents show that JFK was trying to force the American Zionist Council to register to register foreign agents (see video - entire show ). Of course, after his death, Lyndon Johnson dropped this request.
Very few people are aware of the secret war between Israel and JFK.
This explains why Ben-Gurion is never identified as the instigator of the conspiracy to assassinate President JFK.
Of course, the Oliver Stone film JFK mentions all possible connections (Hispanic, Cuban, Italian Mafia, FBI, CIA, etc.). ... except track Israeli Mossad which is nevertheless obvious, especially when it comes to Permindex, Clay Shaw and Jack Ruby (see the text below for more details, or better yet read the book - or ebook - Piper). Stone is to blame ... or Arnon Milchan its producer, who is also in this case one of the biggest arms dealers in Israel as well as a major contributor to the development of Israel's nuclear?
And for those who wonder if the death of his son John Kennedy Jr. have been linked to its willingness to reopen the investigation into the assassination of his father, because the plane crash of JFK Jr. was considered from the outset as a homicide investigators ...
American news media, for all the usual reasons and most obvious, have consistently ignored the most explosive new for years, made more relevant by the countdown to a new conflict in the Middle East while credible rumors continue to emerge as what Israel and the United States are planning an act of pre-emptive war against Iran in the coming months.
The news, which appeared in the Express Newspapers of India Monday, July 26, cites Israeli nuclear whistleblower Mordecai Vanunu attributing to Israeli Mossad assassination of President Kennedy. Even more incredible, Vanunu expressly states that the reason for the Israeli government in the Kennedy assassination was linked to the insistence of the U.S. President for the Zionist state to be honest and transparent about its nuclear program at Dimona plant in the famous Negev desert.
Vanunu was released in April by the Israeli authorities after 18 years in prison for treason related to the disclosure of state secrets about Israel's nuclear program. His sensational public accusation of Mossad involvement in the assassination of Kennedy could simply be dismissed as being about a man unhappy or unbalanced, with the exception of another point.
Michael Collins Piper, author of "Final Judgment: The Missing Link in the JFK Assassination Conspiracy" (Final Judgment: The Missing Link in the conspiracy to the assassination of JFK - no French translation available now) had already presented a explanation for the direct participation of Israel in the assassination of John Kennedy in Dealey Plaza November 22, 1963, which is both plausible and convincing. Vanunu's testimony comes just highlight and corroborate the explanation Piper presented there a decade. Convergence thesis of these two men is extremely worrying.
Piper tells the reader of Final Judgment as 1963 proved to be a pivotal year in a never revealed publicly opposing the 35th President of the United States and Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, mainly on Israel's refusal to submit its dispute operation Dimona for inspection by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and secondarily to reach an agreement with the Palestinians. It then discusses key players alleged assassination plot itself, corroborating research respected researchers of the Kennedy assassination as Anthony Summers UK and Professor Jim Marrs at the University of Texas. Players work Summers and Marrs are intimately familiar with names like Sam Giancana, Johnny Roselli, Carlos Marcello, Guy Banister, William Harvey, William Sullivan, George de Mohrenschildt, James Jesus Angleton, Richard Helms, Alpha 66, and Santos Trafficante . Typically, these individuals demonstrated links with organized crime syndicates, with the community of anti-Castro exiles in the early 1960s, Cuban, and a member of the Central Intelligence Agency involved in the first two groups, led tentative conclusions as to what the crux of the plot against Kennedy involved a convergence of interests of these three (3) key components involved in a sordid triumvirate deliberately concealed from the American public there 40 years by the Warren Commission.
Piper does not discredit this conclusion of his predecessors on the circumstances that led some individuals to participate in a plot to assassinate the President. It just shows what has been hidden until now: those identified by meticulous research university Summers, Marrs, and others even have demonstrable associations with the Israeli lobby and Israeli intelligence services.
Final thesis Judgmen t in this regard is mainly built on the key importance of Meyer Lansky as a true actor of importance in American organized crime in the 1950s and 1960s, the upper Giancana, Roselli Marcello, Mickey Cohen Mickey Weiner, Moe Dalitz, Frank Costello, and others previously mentioned as participants in the conspiracy against Kennedy. In turn, the role of Lansky as a committed Zionist and fundraiser for the State of Israel involved direct and tangible link between his criminal empire, its banks and the Miami International Credit Bank (BCI) in Geneva , Switzerland. This last feature was the European center of money laundering for global activities Mr. Lansky. BCI, in turn, was directed by an Israeli banker, Rabbi Tibor Rosenbaum, former Director of Finance and Procurement for the Israeli Mossad. Piper then demonstrates that BCI is a major shareholder in a Rome-based company called CMC / Permindex, including the president of the board was none other than Louis M. Bloomfield of Montreal (Canada), a major fundraiser for Israel experienced operator and Israeli intelligence. CMC / Permindex, in turn, proves to be one of the main points of intersection that puts the mysterious Bloomfield direct or indirect contact with Clay Shaw (the main target of the investigation by Jim Garrison in New Orleans), Guy Banister, James Jesus Angleton, the chief of section 5 of the FBI William Sullivan (who directed the FBI investigation to the Warren Commission and served as liaison officer and friend of Angleton FBI), ex-president Cuban Carlos Prio Socarras (an arms dealer proven business partner of Oswald assassin Jack Ruby), Ernest Israel Japhet (Director and chairman of the Israeli Bank Leumi), Shaul Eisenberg (a key figure in the development of the Israeli nuclear bomb with Rosenbaum and participating in the exchange Swiss-Israeli bank), the elements of the Secret Army Organization (OAS) French nationalist, the CIA officer Theodore Shackley (head station la CIA à Miami au moment du plan de la CIA-Lansky pour assassiner Fidel Castro ), et Abe Feinberg , un homme d'affaire juif de New York employé par Ben Gourion comme agent de liaison pour des réunions secrètes avec le président Kennedy dans le but de régler le différend des deux partis au sujet de Dimona. So the links and BCI and CMC / Permindex actors Piper used to show players, alliances and assets were firmly in place to bring those motives, means and opportunity together in a conspiracy which resulted in Dallas.
Secondarily, Piper strengthens his argument by showing what were the results for Israel in the wake of the tragedy in Dallas in November 1963. Deleting Kennedy ended U.S. requirements for inspections of Israel's nuclear program by the IAEA and the accession to the White House of Lyndon Johnson, whose longstanding ties to Meyer Lansky and Carlos Marcello had helped young bare-feet Texas Hill Country when he arrived at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. More importantly, the arrival of Johnson in the Oval Office represented a radical change in U.S. policy in the Middle East, according to Piper establishing direction "Israel first" adopted by each sub-Secretary of State from LBJ at the expense of the independence of the U.S. government against the Israeli lobby, the maintenance of regional peace and stability in the most dangerous area of the world undue influence, and every vestige of hope of good American political relations with the Islamic world.
Allegations of Vanunu-Piper on Israel will not suddenly disappear . The revelations of the existence of direct links between Israel and key team members for Foreign Affairs of New Conservatives George W. Bush, the more favorable the war against Iran group virtual property of the Congress of the United States by the AIPAC (American-Israeli Political Action Committee) and John Kerry pandering to those interests culminate in a boiling point of policy in the United States in the event of a U.S. war amplified in the Middle East, the restoration of conscription involvement and the return of Middle Eastern terrorism in the homeland, which are is related to Israeli interests and not those of the United States. Wider dissemination and corroboration of accusations made by Vanunu-Piper to the effect that the Government of Israel is the hidden force behind the death of John F. Kennedy - together with new revelations about manipulations by Tel Aviv government and American media about the wars of empire - trigger a revolt of the masses against the elites that neither Washington nor Tel Aviv can not contain or control.
Between now and the first Tuesday in November, elites and decision makers will do everything they can to hide the fair disclosure and debate on the control of the current and the associated benefits process. The suppression of information will be their modus operandi. Bush, Kerry and their friends in high places in corporations and the U.S. media will do their best to suppress the truth, ignore the debate on the core issues of war and peace and conceal the identity and financial controllers. The removal of any serious consideration or broadcast folder Vanunu-Piper, which goes against the interests of Israel, is already a fait accompli. It is truly shameful. Pity the "free" republic of the United States, because nobody dares ask our two presidential candidates urgent issues, including what they think of the following presidential records dating back 41 years ago.
July 5, 1963
Mr. Prime Minister [Levi Eshkol of Israel]:
I am personally pleased to present my congratulations when you start your responsibilities as Prime Minister of Israel. We want to share our friendship and best wishes in your new position. This is assuming one of mine that I write you at this time.
You know, I am convinced, exchanges I had with Prime Minister Ben-Gurion concerning American visits [that is to say: inspections] Israeli nuclear facility at Dimona. More recently, the Prime Minister wrote to me on May 27 His answer reflects his entire personal and account for a problem which I know is not easy for your Government, nor mine. We welcomed this has been clearly reaffirmed the former Prime Minister that Dimona will be used exclusively for peaceful purposes and the reaffirmation of Israel's willingness to permit periodic visits [inspections] Dimona.
I regret to have to add the weight of your duties so early in the swearing in your post, but the crucial importance that must be given to this problem means I must bring to your attention some additional considerations arising from the letter from Mr. Ben-Gurion on May 27, considerations schedule these visits.
I am sure you will agree that these visits should begin as soon as possible, in accordance with international standards, thereby resolving all doubts as to the peaceful intentions of the Dimona project. As I served Mr. Ben-Gurion, the commitment of the government to support Israel could be seriously jeopardized if we believe not to be able to obtain reliable information on a subject as vital to peace the issue of Israeli nuclear efforts.
Therefore, I asked our scientists to review the alternative programming provided that you and I have proposed visits. If Israel's goal is to be clear beyond reasonable doubt, I believe that the schedule which would best serve our common goals materialize by an early visit this summer, another visit in June 1964 and by the Following visits at intervals of six months. I am sure that such a schedule would not cause more problems than what was proposed by Mr. Ben-Gurion's letter of 27 May It is essential, and my understanding is that the letter from Mr. Ben-Gurion was in agreement with this point, that our scientists have access to all areas of the Dimona site and all associated complex areas, such as manufacturing facilities of fuel and plutonium separation plant, and that sufficient time is planned for a thorough inspection.
Knowing that you fully appreciate the profound and vital significance of these issues for the future well-being of Israel, the United States and internationally, I am confident that you will consider our request carefully and you will be sympathetic.
John F. Kennedy
"Israel should not apologize for the killing of those who seek to destroy it.'s First order of business for any country is the protection of its people." Washington Jewish Week, October 9, 1997!
In March 1992, Illinois Representative Paul Findley said in the report to Washington on business in the Middle East, "It is interesting - but not surprising - to note that in all that has been written and spoken about the Kennedy assassination, the Israeli intelligence agency, Mossad, has never been mentioned. "
Considering that the Mossad is probably the most effective and cruel intelligence agency in the world, it is rather strange that he has never been investigated in connection with the assassination of Kennedy, especially when almost all other entities in the world (short of Elvis impersonators) has been implicated.
But all that changed in January 1994 with the release of the book of Michael Collins Piper: Final Judgment. In this book, Piper says, "Israel's Mossad was a major player (and critical) behind the scenes of the JFK assassination conspiracy. Through its vast resources and international contacts in the intelligence community and organized crime, Israel had the means, he had the opportunity, and he had reason to play a leading role in one of the greatest crimes of the century - and he did. "
Their motivation? The renowned Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, who ruled the country since its inception in 1948 until his resignation on June 16, 1963, was so furious that John F. Kennedy did not allow Israel to become a nuclear power that in his last days in office, says Piper, he commanded the Mossad to prepare a plot to assassinate U.S. President
Ben-Gurion was so convinced that Israel's very survival was threatened that he said in one of his last letters to JFK: "Mr. President, my people have the right to exist, and this existence is in danger. "
In the days leading up to the resignation of Ben-Gurion, he and JFK had embarked on a discreet but controversial debate about the possibility of Israel getting nuclear capabilities. Their disagreement eventually escalated into a war of words that was virtually ignored by the press. Ethan Bronner wrote about this secret battle between JFK and Ben-Gurion years later in an article in the New York Times of 31 October 1998, calling it a "closely guarded secret". In fact, conversations between Kennedy / Ben Gurion are still classified by the Government of the United States. Maybe this is the case because the rage and frustration of Ben Gurion became so intense - and his power so great in Israel - that Piper contends that he was the center of the conspiracy to kill John Kennedy. This position is supported by new yorker banker Abe Feinberg, who describes the situation as follows: "Ben-Gurion could be vicious, and he had such a hatred of the old [Joe Kennedy, Sr., JFK's father] Ben Gurion despised Joe Kennedy. because he felt he was not only an anti-Semite, but he also helped Hitler in the 1930s and 40s. [We will discuss this aspect of the story in an upcoming article entitled The CIA and organized crime : two sides of the same coin].
Anyway, Ben-Gurion was convinced that Israel needed nuclear weapons to ensure its survival, while Kennedy was resolutely against. This inability to reach agreement led to obvious problems. One of these problems stemmed from the decision to Kennedy to make America a priority in foreign policy, not Israel! Kennedy planned to honor the 1950 Tripartite Declaration which said that the United States would retaliate against any country in the Middle East who would attack another. Ben Gurion, on the other hand, wanted the Kennedy Administration to sell them offensive weapons, particularly Hawk missiles.
The two leaders thus engaged in a brutal exchange of letters, but Kennedy would not budge. Ben-Gurion, obsessed by this issue, slipped into total paranoia, sensing that the obstinacy of Kennedy was a blatant threat to the very existence of Israel as a nation. Piper writes, "Ben-Gurion had devoted his entire life to create a Jewish state and to guide him in the global arena and, in the eyes of Ben Gurion, John F. Kennedy was an enemy of the Jewish people and. Israel's beloved He continues. "Nuclear option" was not only at the heart of the personal worldview of Ben-Gurion, but the foundation of the national security policy of Israel. "
Ben-Gurion was so preoccupied with obtaining nuclear weapons June 27, 1963, eleven days after resigning from office, he announced: "I know of no other nation whose neighbors declare that they wish to destroy, and not only declare, but prepare for it by all means at their disposal. We must have no illusions that what is declared every day in Cairo, Damascus, and Iraq are just words. It is the thought that guides the Arab leaders ... I am convinced that science ... is able to provide the weapons that will benefit the peace and deter our enemies. "
Avner Cohen, in his book Israel and the Bomb (Israel and the Bomb), published by Columbia University Press, reinforces this sense of urgency by writing, "Imbued lessons of the Holocaust, Ben-Gurion was consumed by fears for the security ... The anguish of the Holocaust surpassed Ben Gurion to infuse Israel's military thinking. "It adds substance to this point by noting," Ben-Gurion had no qualms about the need for Israel to obtain weapons of mass destruction "and" the world view of Ben-Gurion and his style of governance is what shaped his critical role in the nuclear trigger progression Israel. "
Kennedy, on the other hand, was adamant in his refusal to promote Israel's accession to the nuclear stage. Avner Cohen points out in "Israel and the Bomb:" No American president was more concerned about the danger of nuclear proliferation than John Fitzgerald Kennedy He was convinced that the proliferation of nuclear weapons makes the world more dangerous and undermines. interests of the United States. " Cohen continues at the end of this passage, "The only example Kennedy relied on this point was Israel."
Realizing that Kennedy would not change his mind, Ben-Gurion decided to join forces with Communist China. Both countries are very interested in creating a nuclear program, and thus began their secret joint relations. Working in unison through Shaul Eisenberg, who was a partner arms dealer and accountant Tibor Rosenbaum Mossad, Israel and China therefore proceeded to develop their own nuclear capabilities without the knowledge of the United States.
If you find this unlikely scenario, I strongly encourage you to read the excellent book by Thomas Gordon, Seeds of Fire (Seeds of Fire), in which he outlined how the Mossad and CSIS (Chinese secret service) have conspired to multiple occasions, not only to steal U.S. military secrets, but also to spy on U.S. intelligence programs through the PROMIS software from the Department of Justice. This example, I'm afraid, is only the first example in which the echo of the JFK assassination still resonates today in our post-September 11 world. The danger of the race of Israel and China to obtain the bomb has become a very volatile situation, and has been closely monitored by the CIA.
Intent to continue on this path, the Israelis built the Dimona nuclear facility. When Kennedy asked the United States to inspect these facilities, Ben-Gurion was so angry that he built another FALSE establishment showed no evidence of nuclear research and development. (This scenario does not he sounds strangely familiar in the context of what is currently happening with Iraq's Saddam Hussein?) Fully aware of their shenanigans, JFK told Charles Bartlett, "The son of a bitch lied to me constantly on their nuclear capabilities. "
Avner Cohen, in "Israel and the Bomb," reiterates this statement by saying that Ben-Gurion took the nuclear issue so much to heart that he "concluded that he could not tell the truth about Dimona to American leaders, not even in private. "
Dr. Gerald M. Steinberg, professor of political science at Bar-Ilan University BESA Center for Strategic Studies at Tel Aviv insists saying: "Between 1961 and 1963, the Kennedy administration exerted great pressure on Ben- Gurion to accept international inspection of Dimona Israel and renounces nuclear weapons. This pressure does not seem to change Israeli policy, but it was a contributing factor to the resignation of Ben-Gurion in 1963. "
To express in modern terms how serious the situation was made, look at what is happening in Iraq with inspection teams UN Security royal palaces and bunkers seeking nuclear weapons and materials. This matter is so urgent that our country is on the brink of war. Forty years earlier, the pressure exerted on JFK Ben-Gurion was as strong as George Bush imposed on Saddam Hussein today.
In "Israel and the Bomb," Avner Cohen reinforces this point. To force Ben-Gurion to accept the conditions, Kennedy used the most effective tool available to an American president to Israel: the threat an unsatisfactory solution would jeopardize the commitment and supports the Government of the United States to Israel. "
Pressure on Ben-Gurion was so intense that he eventually quit his post. But Kennedy, in a true pit bull style, did not spare the successor to Ben-Gurion, Levi Eshkol, as Avner Cohen reports that. "Kennedy told Eshkol that the commitment and support of the United States towards Israel could be seriously jeopardized 'if Israel did not allow the United States to obtain information reliable' about its efforts in the nuclear field. The Kennedy requests were unprecedented. They lead, in fact, an ultimatum. " Cohen concludes this thought by saying: "Kennedy's letter precipitated a situation similar to the crisis in the Eshkol office."
Ultimately, as we all know, Kennedy was assassinated in November 1963, but the fact that China conducted its first nuclear test in October 1964 is certainly much less known. What makes this event is the most profound statement Piper said that even though Israel said its first nuclear tests took place in 1979, in fact they actually took place in October 1964 in collaboration with the Chinese! If this is true, then most of August 1945, when the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the month of October 1964 could have been the worst months in the history of 20th century.
Back to the JFK assassination and its direct results regarding the Jewish lobby, American foreign policy and the militarization of Israel. To estimate the considerable power of the Israeli lobby in this country, venerable Senator J. William Fulbright told the show Face the Nation (CBS) April 15, 1973, "Israel controls the United States Senate." The Senate is conditional, but too much and we should be more concerned with the interests of the United States rather than to follow the orders of Israel. The vast majority of the Senate of the United States - around 80% - fully supports Israel everything Israel wants, Israel gets. This has been demonstrated time and time again, and this has made [foreign policy] difficult for our government. "
You heard what Senator Fulbright said? This is not a conspiracy theorist, a madman or a KKK anti-Semite. It is a highly respected U.S. Senator saying that about 80% of the Senate is in the pocket of Israel. Adding weight to this argument, the Rep. Paul Findley said, who was quoted in the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs in March 1992: "During the campaign of John Kennedy as President, a Jewish group in New York had suggested privately to cover its costs campaign if he would let them conduct its policy in the Middle East. It was not right ... As president, he has provided limited support for Israel. "
To understand the importance of the decisions of Kennedy during his presidency short, we must address the issue of campaign finance. Considering the influence of the Israel lobby operates in the Senate of the United States (echoing the words of Senator Fulbright), it had to be so angry when President Kennedy decided to really cut short the practices of campaign financing, because this method made as dependent politicians huge source of funding from special interest groups ("lobbyists"). Unfortunately, Kennedy has not had time to implement this program, and to this day our political system is still monopolized by lobbyists same special interest groups. One can only imagine what changes might have occurred in our foreign policy if Kennedy had eradicated these vipers and blood-sucking conference rooms.
Tragically, Kennedy ideas were never realized, and his tough battle with Prime Minister Ben Gurion whether Israel should be allowed to develop a nuclear program was ultimately lost. The reason is that Lyndon Baines Johnson, Kennedy had cast its ticket in 1964 because of its extreme aversion towards him, was originally a complete reversal of foreign policy. As you will see, not only of Israel's nuclear weapons program would continue away from supervision, but Israel has also become the largest recipient of our foreign aid.
But this absolute turnaround would not have happened if Kennedy had not been assassinated. Until LBJ became president, Kennedy dealt with the Middle East in a way that benefited the most in the United States. Its main objective - and that would be best suited to keep the peace - was a balance of power in the Middle East so that each country is safe. This decision adhered to the Tripartite Declaration that the United States signed in 1950. But under the Johnson administration, this fragile balance was broken, and in 1967 - four years after the Kennedy assassination - the United States had become the main supplier of weapons to Israel, while OUR interests were relegated far behind those of Israel!
Michael Collins Piper writes: "The result is the following: JFK was firmly determined to prevent Israel from making a nuclear bomb. LBJ simply looked the other in the opposite direction. JFK's death has indeed been beneficial for Israel's nuclear ambitions as evidence indicate. "
Reuven Pedatzer wrote in a report book review of Avner Cohen "Israel and the Bomb", published in the Israeli daily Ha'aretz 5 February 1999: "The assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy brought to an abrupt end the massive pressure from the U.S. administration on the government of Israel in order that it put an end to its nuclear program. "He continues," Kennedy said very clearly that the Israeli Prime Minister not accept in any way for Israel to become a nuclear state "Pedatzer continues." If Kennedy remained alive, it is doubtful that Israel now holds the nuclear option, "and that" the decision to Ben Gurion to resign in 1963 was taken to a large extent in the context of the enormous pressure that Kennedy exercised over him on the nuclear issue. "
If you're still not convinced, how about some numbers? In the last budget Kennedy 1964, Israeli aid was $ 40 million. In LBJ's first budget for 1965, this aid has climbed to 71 million, and in 1966 it has more than tripled compared to the previous two years to reach 130 million dollars! In addition, under the Kennedy administration, almost no U.S. aid to Israel was military in nature. Instead, it was divided equally between development loans and food aid under PL480 program. However, in 1965 under the Johnson administration, 20% of our aid to Israel was for the army, while in 1966, 71% was used for war material.
Continuing in this vein, in 1963, the Kennedy administration sold 5 Hawk missiles to Israel as part of an air defense system. In 1965-66, however, LBJ conceded 250 tanks on Israel, 48 Skyhawk attack aircraft, plus guns and artillery which were all offensive in nature. If you were wondering when the Israeli war machine was created, well here it is! LBJ was its father.
According to Stephen Green, in his book Taking Sides: America's Secret Relations with a Militant Israel: "The 92 million dollars in military aid in fiscal year 1966 exceeded the total of all official military aid provided to Israel cumulatively during all years since the founding of this nation in 1948. "
Green continued: "70% of all official aid from the United States to Israel was military. The United States gave Israel more than $ military aid since 1946, including nearly all 17 billion - over 99% -. Were provided since 1965 "
Can you see what is happening here? Less than two years after the JFK assassination, Israel went from a small member country of the volatile Middle Eastern community that was not allowed to develop nuclear weapons, that of a country on track become an undeniable military force on the world stage. John Kennedy has categorically his fist on the table and refused to allow Israel to develop a nuclear program, while LBJ did just the opposite by helping and supporting him. "In 1968, the president did not intend to do anything to stop the Israeli bomb."
The result of this shift between the Kennedy and Johnson administrations, in my opinion, the main reason behind our current problems in the Middle East that led to the September 11 attacks and our upcoming war against Iraq (and above). I have great confidence in this statement, because as Michael Collins Piper points out, here are the results of the assassination of John F. Kennedy:
1) Our foreign and military aid to Israel increased dramatically once LBJ became president.
2) Rather than trying to maintain a balance in the Middle East, Israel suddenly emerged as the dominant force.
3) Since the LBJ administration, Israel has always had weapons far superior to its direct neighbors.
4) Due to this undeniable and obvious increase in the Israeli war machine, the Middle East is in constant turmoil.
5) LBJ also allowed Israel to continue its nuclear development, which enabled him to become the sixth largest nuclear power in the world.
6) Finally, our huge expenses in foreign aid to Israel (which is ultimately about $ / year 10 billion) has created a situation of belligerent reprisals and endless Middle East, more contempt and hostility towards United States for their role supporting the army of Israel. Israel, and especially in the eyes of David Ben-Gurion at the time, what were their alternatives - to remain weakened (or at least balanced) in relation to their neighbors and handcuffed by JFK's refusal to comply with their will, or KILL the man who prevents them from becoming the dominant force in the Middle East, the beneficiary of huge amounts of military aid, and one of the nuclear forces of the first importance in the world? This is something to think about. Also, while these thoughts running through your head, ask yourself this question. If Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, and all subsequent administrations had joined the Tripartite Declaration of 1950 and doing everything in their power to maintain balance in the Middle East instead of pushing Israel to the forefront, our twin towers would they have been attacked September 11, 2001, and would we be today at the edge of a potentially catastrophic war? This is certainly something to ponder.
Mossad's role in the conspiracy to assassinate JFK
original article in English: http://afrocubaweb.com/news/mossadjfk.htm
The text prepared by Michael Collins Piper in a conference on his book of 760 pages Final Judgment: The Missing Links in the JFK Assassination Conspiracy , which accused Israel's intelligence service, Mossad, having worked alongside the CIA in the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy.
By Michael Collins Piper French intelligence officer Herve Lemarr wrote: "The assassination of President Kennedy was the work of magicians. It was a trick pass, with all accessories and false mirrors, and when the curtain fell the actors and even the decorations are gone. But the magicians were not illusionists but professionals, artists in their genre. " Since 22 November 1963, many people have spent much time studying the assassination, presenting a wide range of theories. most work has been devoted to a very perceptive critic described as "an obsessive concern for microanalytical seeking facts about how the murder was done," noting at the same time that "there has been almost no systematic thinking on why the assassination of President Kennedy. " So while people were trying to find out how many assassins were involved, and how many shots were fired at JFK, where did fire and where the bullets hit, the real question those responsible for the murder - not that shot, but which sponsored the assassins who fired - has been largely ignored. Thus, to know who is responsible for the assassination of JFK, we must discover WHY he was murdered and what was the motivation of those who were murdered. Consider the wide range of suspects who have been identified: * Lee Harvey Oswald, acting alone; * The Soviet KGB, Fidel Castro *, * Anti-Castro Cubans; * The "mafia" * Rebels operators cooperating with the CIA's anti-Castro Cubans in collaboration with elements of the "mafia"; * J. Edgar Hoover and the FBI, Lyndon Baines Johnson *, * Former Nazi secret service agents; * The oil barons in Texas and . * The military-industrial complex there ten years ago, in 1992, a new suspect was added to the list. Former Representative Paul Findley (R-Ill.) made the following comment, but intriguing little noticed in the March 1992 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs , saying that "it is interesting but not surprising that in all the writings on the assassination of John F. Kennedy, the intelligence agency of Israel, Mossad, has never been mentioned, despite the obvious fact that Mossad complicity is as plausible as any other of these theories.
What Findley did not know, is that this time I was preparing a book about the Mossad role alongside the CIA in the JFK assassination, was, in fact, secret - the "missing link" - which explains the full and entire conspiracy against JFK. (...)
What I find quite remarkable is that while many Israelis today believe that Israeli intelligence played a role in the assassination of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, on the other hand a many friends of Israel in America reacted hysterically to my contention as what the Mossad played a role in the assassination of U.S. President. Moreover, although many believe that the CIA was involved in the assassination JFK, many of them are afraid to discuss a possible role of the Mossad. Yet, as journalist Andrew Cockburn said: "It has existed since the beginning of the Israeli state and since the early days of the CIA, a secret link by which Israeli intelligence made operations for the CIA and the rest U.S. Secret Service. You can not understand what is happening with American covert operations and the Israeli covert operations unless you understand this secret arrangement. " These words of Cockburn show the summary of the thesis I presented in Final Judgment. Though Final Judgment was never distributed in a large bookstore since its first publication there are more than a decade, some 30,000 copies are in circulation - or more copies than many widely publicized books on the subject. It really is a "best-seller underground". It is now in its 5th edition 760 pages, with some 1,114 documented notes. And dated November 9, Dar El Ilm LILMALAYIN, the oldest and largest private Middle East publishing house published the first edition in Arabic. In many respects, Final Judgment is more than a book the assassination of JFK. It also reveals the politics of global occult power of the latter half of the 20th century. Final Judgment documents that in 1963 JFK was embroiled in a bitter conflict with the secret Israeli leader David Ben-Gurion on the Israeli bomb run Atomic, it documents the fact that Ben-Gurion resigned in disgust, saying that due to policies JFK, "the existence of Israel [was] in danger." Then, after the JFK assassination, U.S. policy vis-à-vis Israel began an immediate 180 degree turnaround. 's new book Israeli historian Avner Cohen, Israel and the Bomb , confirms the conflict between JFK and Israel so powerfully that the newspaper Ha'aretz of Israel said that the revelations Cohen "would require rewriting the entire history of Israel." In any case, Cohen pointed out that "the transition from Kennedy to [Lyndon] Johnson benefited the Israeli nuclear program. " Ethan Bronner, New York Times, called Israel's race to nuclear bomb "fiercely hidden subject." This explains why researchers at the JFK assassination have never considered Israeli connection until Final Judgment provides the missing pieces, assembling "the secret picture on the other side of the puzzle." While all this is a powerful reason for Israel to take action against JFK, Final Judgment also documents that the Israeli journalist Barry Chamish called "a very compelling presentation" on the collaboration of Mossad and the CIA in the assassination plot. The fact is that when the District Attorney (Prosecutor) New Orleans Jim Garrison continued the Commercial Executive Clay Shaw for conspiracy in the assassination, Garrison stumbled upon the Mossad connection. Although (after his acquittal) Shaw was exposed as a CIA collaborator, in 1963 Shaw was on the board of a company based in Rome named Permindex, which was actually a front for an arms smuggling operation sponsored by the Mossad. Permindex The main shareholder in the Bank of Credit International of Geneva, was not only the fiefdom of Tibor Rosenbaum, a senior Mossad, but also the operating center of money laundering for Meyer Lansky, godfather of the crime syndicate and loyal Israeli long. 's chief executive Permindex was Louis Bloomfield of Montreal, a prominent figure of the Israel Lobby and an operator of the Bronfman family, intimate Lansky associates and great Godfather of Israel. Permindex was clearly the Israeli connection to the assassination of JFK, to such an extent that Garrison was circulated manuscript of an unpublished novel in which it points to the Mossad as the main responsible for the plot, despite the fact that Garrison never mentioned this connection publicly. You may wonder why the so-called "radical filmmaker" Hollywood Oliver Stone, whose film JFK was virtually a tribute to Garrison never mentioned any of that. I suggest that Stone failed to mention this detail in JFK because the film was financed by Arnon Milchan, an Israeli arms dealer linked to smuggling equipment Israel's nuclear program. - and that is precisely the point of contention between JFK and Israel 's role in the production of Milchan JFK is not a secret, by the way.
It appears in the credits as "executive producer", which in the language of Hollywood, mean that he was the "financial backer", so to speak, behind the film. Permindex The connection investigated by Mr. Garrison New Orleans also explains the "French Connection" in the assassination featured in the popular documentary "The Men Who Killed Kennedy", but fails to tell the whole story in the Final Judgment. For example: That Permindex operation mentioned above (involving Clay Shaw and other CIA agents often publicly associated with the JFK assassination) was also involved in assassination attempts against French President Charles De Gaulle by "Secret Army Organization" (OAS) French, which itself had close links with the Mossad. As the OAS, the Israelis hated De Gaulle not only because he gave independence to Algeria, a major new Arab state, but also because De Gaulle, who had attended the program of Israel's nuclear development, had withdrawn support, objecting (as JFK) approaches to Israel to acquire nuclear arsenal . During the writing of the book, a former French intelligence officer - Pierre Neuville, the son of former French Consul General in Jerusalem - told me he had learned that the Mossad was involved in a contractor as JFK assassin - probably a shooter Corsica -. using a head of French intelligence unfair to De Gaulle and who hated JFK for supporting Algerian independence JFK also included an attack against the nuclear program of the Red China -. a plan that was scuttled by Lyndon Johnson a month after the assassination of JFK During this same period, in fact, Israel and Red China were involved in secret nuclear bomb research with a key player Permindex network Shaul Eisenberg, serving as a liaison with Mossad China. Final Judgment was the first to point out that James Angleton, the CIA liaison with the Mossad, was a staunch supporter of Israel, which has not only orchestrated the scenario linking accused assassin Lee Oswald to the Soviet KGB, but subsequently spreading false information to confuse investigations into the assassination.
While the American media today promoting the idea that John F. Kennedy was a staunch friend of Israel, nothing could be further from the truth. There was a long history of enmity between John F. Kennedy and his powerful father, Ambassador Joseph P. Kennedy boss Meyer Lansky organized crime, in particular because of agreements with senior Kennedy the underworld. However, this did not prevent the Kennedy family to enter into agreements with the crime syndicate when it was to win elections. 's anti-Semitism to place suspicion of the Kennedy family have nothing to improve relations with Israel and JFK's American lobby either. As a U.S. senator, Kennedy's intervention in the French issue of Algerian independence has also attracted criticism from the Israeli lobby. Yet, when John F. Kennedy coveted the presidency, he was willing to enter into contracts with the Israeli lobby -. At a certain price at the end of his presidency, however, Kennedy failed in his duties, not only to the Godfather of Israel, Meyer Lansky and his henchmen in organized, but also to the Israeli lobby crime. What about the so-called connection "mafia" and organized the assassination crime? In fact, these connections also link to the Mossad. Had it not been for the Godfather of international organized crime Meyer Lansky, the State of Israel could never see the day. This is something that Israel would prefer to forget it. Evidence strongly indicates that the creation of Israel as a state is due, in large part, to the political, financial and moral support of Meyer Lansky and his associates and acolytes in organized crime. Lansky's interests and Israel's interests were almost incestuous. As I have already noted, the European Central Bank, which served as money laundering Meyer Lansky was an operation led by one of the founding fathers of Israel, Tibor Rosenbaum, an officer of high-level and long-time Mossad. Intimate links (and very secret) Lansky with American intelligence (including the CIA and the FBI) have made the Russian mafia to Jewish "untouchable" Godfather World organized. crime syndicate Man hand Meyer Lansky in Louisiana, Carlos Marcello, became a target for researchers JFK assassination who love to proclaim that "the mafia - that is to say, the figures of the Italian-American crime - killed JFK.
Marcello is a gear inside the Union Lansky. Marcello also had links with Israel's allies in the CIA. Two other great personalities of the Italian-American crime - Johnny Rosselli and Santo Trafficante Jr. - have often been linked to the assassination of JFK. Though Rosselli and Trafficante both have been major players in the world of crime, both were in fact - like Carlos Marcello -. subordinates Meyer Lansky and Trafficante Rosselli were representatives of Lansky in its relations with Israel's allies in the CIA, in order to assassinate Fidel Castro. Indeed, the Jewish presence in organized crime in America is a little known fact that the media obsessed with the "mafia" has managed to keep secret. phenomenon What Jack Ruby (Rubenstein), the Jewish nightclub operator, who killed Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President? connections Ruby criminalized the underworld are well documented. However, what remains unknown is the full link to Ruby Union Meyer Lansky crime - not "the Mafia." - And Israel's allies in the CIA In Final Judgment I have documented additional connections between Jack Ruby and the State of Israel and arms smuggling and financial conduits in the United States. Documents from the FBI, long suppressed, reveal that Ruby himself visited Israel in 1955 and, when Ruby was in San Francisco that year, he reportedly told a friend, "After leaving here, I'm going to Florida to buy a load of contraband to send to Israel." Also, note that Lawrence Meyers , a longtime friend of Ruby he met the day before the JFK assassination, was a salesman for Ero Manufacturing, a company linked to a corporation under investigation for illegal arms shipments to Israel. Moreover, we also know that Jack Ruby was on the payroll of the family connected to Union Lansky crime: the Bronfman (currently headed by Edgar Bronfman, president of the World Jewish Congress). Considering the close ties with the Bronfman family creature Mossad "Permindex" who played a central role in the JFK assassination comlpot, connecting Ruby to the Bronfman family once actually tip, again, to another different Israeli connection to the JFK assassination. genesis of Israeli involvement in the assassination of JFK was the growing conflict with Israel JFK draft Israel get nuclear bomb. While the history books we talked about the epic struggles of John F. Kennedy Fidel Castro and the Soviets in the debacle of the Bay of Pigs and the Cuban missile crisis, it is only in recent years that we started to learn a little about Kennedy's secret war with Israel. OF By mid-1963, Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion hated Kennedy with a passion. In fact, he believed that JFK was a threat to the very survival of the Jewish state. Regarding write specifically about what I called the "secret war with Israel JFK" I rely mainly three sources: 1) The Samson Option: Israel's Nuclear Arsenal and American Foreign Policy, by veteran journalist from the New York Times and winner of the Pulitizer Seymour Hersh. 2) Dangerous Liaison: The Inside Story of US-Israeli Covert Relationship, by the husband Andrew and Leslie Cockburn, both journalists "liberal" respected. 3) Taking Sides: America's Secret Relationships With a Militant Israel by Stephen Green, who was associated with the very "mainstream" Council on Foreign Relations and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Incidentally, Hersh and Greene are Jewish. These three books were published by publishing houses "mainstream" respected. No honest researcher of the JFK assassination can claim to be fully aware of the dynamics of the conspiracy until he or she has read these volumes, which show very clearly that JFK and Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion were in violent disagreement, so that Ben-Gurion believed that the policy of JFK was a threat to the very survival of Israel - and he d Moreover said. After the JFK assassination, U.S. policy vis-à-vis the Middle East made a surprising volte-face in turning 180 degrees - the most immediate result of the assassination of U.S. President. It is a solid fact, indisputable, that can not be subject to debate. The evidence is all too clear. In Final Judgment I pointed citing Hersh that the Israeli press and the world press "told the world that the sudden resignation of Ben-Gurion was the result of his dissatisfaction with internal policies and turmoil that shook Israel. scandals " However, Hersh continues, very significantly, that there was "no way for the Israeli public" to know that there was "any other factor" behind the resignation : in particular, in the words of Hersh, the ". impasse increasingly bitter that Ben Gurion lived with Kennedy about Israel with a nuclear weapon," The final showdown with JFK about nuclear bomb was clearly the reason "first" behind the resignation of Ben-Gurion. Willingness to obtain a nuclear bomb was not only a major policy objective of the Israel Defense (his foundation) and an interest . especially Ben-Gurion Special The fact is that Seymour Hersh's revelations about JFK and Ben-Gurion were easily overshadowed by a more recent volume on the same subject: one written by an Israeli scholar Avner Cohen. When Cohen published his book "Israel and the Bomb" in 1999 (New York: Columbia University Press), the book created a sensation in Israel, to the point that the journalist Tom Segev wrote in the Israeli newspaper Ha'aretz that " book Cohen require rewriting the entire history of Israel.
"In the first pages of his book, Cohen writes at length about the special interest of Ben-Gourionr in building a nuclear bomb in Israel and about the reasoning behind it. Cohen wrote, in part: Ben-Gurion was consumed by fears for Israel's security.
In his correspondence with President John F. Kennedy in 1963, he wrote: "Mr. President, my people have the right to exist, both in Israel and in any place whatsoever, and this existence is in danger. "... The Israeli military planners have always considered the scenario in which a military United Arab coalition would launch a war against Israel in order to liberate Palestine and destroy the Jewish state. This was discussed in the early 1950s under the name "Mikre, hkol" or "scenario all." This type of planning was unique to Israel, as few nations have military contingency plans to prevent the Apocalypse. Ben Gurion had no doubt as to the need for Israel to obtain weapons of mass destruction.
. . Ben-Gurion saw Arab hostility toward Israel as deep and long lasting. . . The pessimism of Ben-Gurion. . .influenced foreign policy and defense of Israel for years. Worldview and style of governance Ben Gurion shaped his critical role in the launch of the Israeli nuclear program. On June 27, 1963, eleven days after he announced his resignation, Ben-Gurion made a farewell speech to employees of the Authority weapons development in which.
. .It provided the justification for the nuclear project: "I know of no other nation whose neighbors declare that they wish disposal and do not just say but look by all means at their disposal We must not make us. illusion as anything that is declared every day in Cairo, Damascus, Iraq are just words. This is the thought that guides the Arab leaders.
. . I am confident. . . that science is able to provide us with the weapon that will ensure peace and deter our enemies. "
The "nuclear" option was not only at the heart of the general world view of Ben-Gurion, but also the very foundation of the national security policy of Israel. Israelis were essentially willing, if necessary, to "make blow up the world "- including themselves -. they had to do to defeat their Arab enemies This is what Seymour Hersh says that Israeli nuclear planners called the "Samson option" - as in Samson the Bible, after being captured by the Philistines, fell the temple of Dagon in Gaza and killed himself with his enemies. Hersh As stated on page 137 of his book "To the defenders of Israel nuclear, Samson Option became another way of saying "never again" (referring to prevent another Holocaust.) All evidence pooled in a broader perspective, clearly show that it was " . Sampton The option "which was the main cause of the resignation of Ben-Gurion The bottom line is that - in 1963 - the issue of conflict of JFK with Ben Gurion was a secret to both the Israeli public and American public and remained so for over 20 years at least, and remains today, despite the book's publication Hersh, followed by Final Judgment and then by Avner Cohen's book. 's very powerful book of Avner Cohen basically confirmed everything that Hersh wrote, but he went further. Cohen describes how the conflict between JFK and Ben-Gurion was at its peak in 1963 and how, on June 16 this year, JFK sent a letter to the Israeli leader that Cohen described on page 134 of his book as "the hardest message and more explicit" in time. Cohen adds: The purpose of this letter is to solidify the terms of the American Tour [nuclear plant in Dimona Israel] in a manner consistent with these minimum conditions upon which the intelligence community insisted. To force Ben Gurion to accept the conditions, Kennedy used the most useful lever for a U.S. president dealing with Israel: a threat that a satisfactory solution could undermine the commitment and support of the U.S. government to Israel.
. .The showdown Ben-Gurion wanted to avoid now seemed imminent. Ben Gurion never read the letter. It was wired to [U.S. Ambassador to Israel Walworth Barbour] Saturday, June 15, with instructions to deliver her own at Ben Gurion the next hand, but this Sunday, Ben-Gurion announced his resignation . Cohen said that Ben-Gurion never provided an explanation for its decision to share "personal reasons." In his cabinet colleagues, Ben Gurion stated that it "must" resign and that "no issue of state or event is the cause." adds Cohen on page 136, that Ben-Gurion had "concluded that he could not tell the truth about Dimona to American leaders, not even in private.
And that's saying something, considering the efforts reviews Final Judgment that Israel and the United States are such "close allies" that the Israelis would never think - ever - to do something unpleasant to an American president -. not even the one who was strongly committed to preventing Israel to establish a nuclear defense system for national leaders saw as essential to the survival of the nation I should add that the reversal of the President French De Gaulle on the issue of French support was clearly crucial for Israel's nuclear ambitions is very significant indeed, especially in light of what is documented in Final Judgment. Without going into all the details here (which can be easily found in Final Judgment where they are largely explained), the fact is that Permindex, the Mossad operation of money laundering and arms trafficking as the District Attorney of New Orleans Jim Garrison presentation at his investigation of the JFK assassination had also been linked to assassination attempts against Charles De Gaulle before the assassination of President Kennedy. It is not by chance that Permindex be linked to assassination plots against two foreign leaders who were to be united in their opposition to Israel's nuclear ambitions. Moreover, as the documents Final Judgement based on a variety of sources "responsible", the Israelis had yet another reason to oppose De Gaulle: The French president had granted independence to the French colony of Algeria Arabic, an action that kindled not only Israel, but also some elements of the intelligence and military De Gaulle, which led them to conclude an alliance with Israel against De Gaulle. Readers interested in this case may refer to Final Judgment, but suffice it to say that there is much more in this "French Connection" it seems. Anyway, what s is passed between JFK and Israel's new prime minister, Levi Eshkol, who succeeded Ben-Gurion after the resignation of the latter is very significant. Immediately after the enthronement of Eshkol, JFK wrote a letter to the new Prime Minister was obviously even more fierce than previous communications JFK with Ben Gurion. Avner Cohen writes: Not since Eisenhower's message to Ben Gurion in the midst of the Suez crisis in November 1956 an American president had been so blunt with an Israeli prime minister. Kennedy told Eshkol that the commitment and support U.S. to Israel "could be seriously jeopardized" if Israel does not allow the United States obtain "reliable information" about its efforts in the nuclear field. Kennedy provides detailed technical guidance on how its requests should be executed . requests Kennedy were unprecedented. They showed in fact an ultimatum. Cohen notes on page 159 that: "From the point of view [Eshkol] requests Kennedy seemed diplomatically inappropriate, they were inconsistent with national sovereignty there was no legal basis. or political precedent for such applications, "says Cohen," the letter Kennedy caused a near-crisis situation in the office of Prime Minister. " Thus, Kennedy was just as upsetting for the new Prime Minister to the was David Ben Gurion! pressures Kennedy on Israel have not ended with the resignation of Ben Gurion. Instead, they are clearly intensified. Cohen then describes a "secret meeting in November" which was held in Washington DC (13-14 November) between the Israelis and the Americans and says Israel "was an order the broader day ... that the United States was willing to discuss. " But Cohen says that the nuclear issue was so sensitive that during the secret meeting face-to-face meeting between the U.S. and the Israeli authorities where they discussed other issues, the subject of nuclear bomb Israel has not been discussed. question was this burning issue. It was postponed to future discussions. But JFK was assassinated after eight days, and the dynamics of Us-Israeli relations has changed dramatically as a result. Israeli newspaper Ha'aretz published a book review of Cohen, February 5, 1999, describing this book of "bombshell." Criticism of Ha'aretz, by Reuven Pedatzur, is quite interesting. It reads in part: The assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy brought to an abrupt end the massive pressure being applied by the U.S. administration on the government of Israel to end its nuclear program. Cohen demonstrates extensively that the pressure on Ben-Gurion Kennedy. It delivers the fascinating exchange of letters between the two men, in which Kennedy says very clearly that the Israeli Prime Minister will not accept under any circumstances allow Israel to become a nuclear state. 's book suggests that if Kennedy was still alive it is doubtful that Israel would now a nuclear option.
What the Warren Commission, which investigated - most deem it rather "covered" the truth - about the assassination Please note that the 22 attorneys Warren Commission staff, at least nine of them were Jews. Another was married to a Jewish woman. In addition, several other known and had close ties with the Israeli lobby in America. One of the most active members of the Commission - Rep.
Gerald R.Ford (R-Mich.) - was the protege of Max Fisher, a millionaire businessman with close ties to both the Mossad and the Lansky Crime Syndicate. Another, John McCloy, was connected to the Bronfman family, sponsors of the entity Permindex mentioned above, and international Jewish Warburg banking empire. course, the Washington Post, the New York Times, and a host of other newspapers "responsible" have not revised Final Jufgment, even though I sent them copies. Yet, in this respect, I can not help but note that when, 22 November 1964, the Washington Post Missione someone one to write what turned out to be a favorable consideration of the report of the Warren Commission, accompanied by negative comments from several critical works of the report, the Washington Post chose Eugene Rostow, then dean of the Faculty of Law at Yale. Here's what the prestigious Dean Rostow wrote about the Warren Report: if you please follow well. It really is "too much"! Rostow wrote: The report is a state document masterful and convincing. He polished legal drafting at its best, well composed, terse, sober and meticulous. [It has] a detached and judicious tone.
But here's the problem. . .
That neither the Washington Post nor Rostow revealed is that Rostow himself was the first person to suggest to President Johnson that an inquiry such as the Warren Commission be established! And by the way, just for memory, if the Mossad had a hand in the assassination of JFK, you can be sure that Rostow would never have written on it.
Rostow was a board member of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs), which was described as being "run by closely identified with Israeli interests people and can be considered to all practical purposes, a lobbying organization for the State of Israel. " Of course, the 1968 assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy, the younger brother of the assassinated president, was essential to remain concealed the truth about the JFK assassination. If RFK had visited the White House, he would finally have the power to deliver the killer of his brother in the justice. murder of Robert F. Kennedy links not only Israel and its allies in the CIA but also SAVAK, the secret police of the Shah of Iran. SAVAK was a joint creation of the CIA and Mossad and British intelligence services, and has worked closely with these agencies on many fronts - including the assassination of RFK. This is discussed in the pages of Final Judgment. Linking the Kennedy assassination and the Watergate scandal that toppled Richard Nixon was the basis of an incredible amount of misinformation and disinformation since the fall of President Nixon in 1974. There is indeed a connection between Watergate and the JFK assassination, but ç'en is that even the most intrepid of the JFK assassination researchers seem somehow have missed. Genuine connection Dallas- Watergate is in the long-hidden role of the man of Israel within the CIA, James Jesus Angleton - the main engine of the CIA not only behind the assassination of JFK, but also behind the forced resignation of Richard M . Nixon. This is also explored in Final Judgment.
Player Final Judgment met famed CBS news reporter Mr. Cronkite to Martha's Vineyard. He informed Cronkite of the theory put forth in Final Judgment, and Cronkite listened carefully. Facing the sea, Cronkite remarked quite succinctly: ". I can not think of any group - with the exception of Israeli intelligence services - which could hide the conspiracy to assassinate JFK for so long," he s 'This is our "final judgment": the Israeli Mossad is a key actor (and critical) acting behind the scenes in the conspiracy that ended the life of John F.
Kennedy. With its vast resources and international contacts in the intelligence community and organized crime, Israel had the means, he had the opportunity, and he had the motive to play a major role in the crime of the century - - and he did.
By David Bedein, Middle East Correspondent
Thursday, May 07, 2009
Jerusalem - . For the first time since the Kennedy administration, a senior American official commented HAS Explicitly and Negatively about Israel's nuclear capability
According To GlobalSecurity.org , Israel is Suspected To Have Between 100 and 200 nuclear weapons based on various Intelligence Estimates. Assistant Secretary Rose Gottemoeller of State called Expired on Israel to sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) along with Pakistan, India and North Korea. Ms. Gottemoeller Said this on Tuesday, on the second day of a gathering of Representatives of the 189 states That Are Signatories of the treaty.
"Universal adherence to the NPT Itself, Including by India, Israel, Pakistan and North Korea (That countries are not members of the treaty DESPITE Being Considered to-have nuclear capabilities) remains a Fundamental objective of the United States," Ms. Gottemoeller said. She Did not mention Iran odd ounce in her address, Thereby breaking the custom falling on the Bush administration, When Officials used to Specify and condemn Iran and North Korea in every meeting of NPT members. Ms. Gottemoeller Refused to address the issue of Whether Would Washington initiate new Measures in order to pressure Israel to join the NPT and give up the nuclear weapons That It holds Allegedly, while speaking to reporters later. Said She encouraged the Obama administration all countries That have-nots signed the treaty to join it. A train senior Israel Foreign Ministry legal adviser Alan Baker, is an expert on Have you international law, Said That This Was a "surprising and worrying statement." "I do not think the Americans-have Said Such a thing in the past, "he said. "This sounds to me like the new administration is shooting from the hip, without HAVING Studied in depth the diplomatic status and our positions. If They study the material Properly, They Will Find That Is That our approach we will not sign this treaty as long as we are threatened This by our neighbors. "The Americans know what our position is, and as long as we are under a threat from Neighboring countries, both, in the immediate circle and in the external circle, we cannot be expected to assume Commitments That Will Place us at a Disadvantage. " The Obama administration's newfound opposition to Israel's Formally undisclosed nuclear program reverses Nearly 50 years of American silent on the subject.
President John F.Kennedy pressured then-Israeli Prime Minister David Ben Gurion to drop Israel's plan for nuclear weapons in a May 1963 release Delivered by the U.S. ambassador. Dr. Avner Cohen details the Kennedy administration's efforts in His seminal 1998 book, Israel And The Bomb. He wrote That Ben Gurion Defended Israel's need for nuclear weapons in the context of the mass murder of the Jews at the hands of the Nazis and the "scenario of a united Arab military coalition launching a war to liberate Palestine and destroy the Jewish state. " He in His book records how Ben Gurion tried in vain to Convince President Kennedy That The surrounding Arab states Posed Such an existential threat just to the Jewish state, conjuring . up memories of the Nazi threat from World War II In a letter to President Kennedy, dated May in December 1963, Ben Gurion Told the president: "I Know That it is difficulty for civilized people to visualize Such a thing - Even After They Have Witnessed what HAD happened to us falling on the Second World War ... I cannot dismiss the possibility That May Occur this again ... if the Arab leaders continue to insist on and Pursue Their policy of belligerency Towards Israel " President Kennedy Refused to budge and Continued to push Israel to abandon nuclear option icts Until His death on Nov. 22, 1963. No American president HAS made an issue of Israel's nuclear capability. - Until Now David Bedein can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org ISRAELI NUCLEAR ARSENAL HOW WE MET ALL IN DANGER A modern-day Masada is a nuclear possibility. With their vast arsenal (estimated at between 200 to 400 warheads), these religious extremists could cause global chaos. Jeff Gates The Palestine Telegraph
President John F. Kennedy had
tried to block Israel at the beginning of
the race to nuclear weapons in
the Middle East.
On September 24, the President of the United States, Barack Obama will chair a session of the Security Council of the UN non-proliferation and nuclear disarmament. In March 2010, Moscow will host the global nuclear summit to which the U.S. has agreed to participate.
The next six months may be encouraging or harmful, depending on the impact they will have on Israel's nuclear arsenal. With U.S. support, Tel Aviv has so far escaped the constraints of the Treaty on the Non Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, as well as North Korea, India and Pakistan.
President John F. Kennedy tried to stop Israel at the beginning of the race to nuclear weapons in the Middle East. In June 1963, in a letter to Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, he demanded proof " beyond doubt "that Israel was not developing nuclear weapons facilities in the reactor at Dimona. While this letter was cabled to the U.S. embassy, Ben-Gurion resigned (giving personal undisclosed reasons) before the message can not be delivered to him physically.
Ambitions of Israel being challenged by its main ally, the resignation, which fell strategically at the right time, tricked the inexperienced young president and denied him a diplomatic victory that would have prevented the wars fought in the Middle East at present.
With the resignation of Ben Gurion, JFK was without Israeli government with which he could negotiate. When a new Israeli government was formed, the Kennedy threat had been rejected and Tel Aviv could resume negotiations from scratch with successor, Lyndon Johnson, who was far more open to the objectives of the Zionist state.
This strategy has resurfaced during the recent resignation of Prime Minister Ehud Olmert as the Roadmap, threat to peace, loomed on the horizon. Olmert's successor, Benjamin Netanyahu, was then served to the provisions of the Roadmap as a bargaining chip to start haggling - with an inexperienced young president - to sanction Iran.
Democrat Lyndon Johnson has proven itself as pro-Israel President absolutely malleable, as his successor, Republican Richard Nixon. Described by Prime Minister Golda Meir as " the best friend Israel never had , "Nixon agreed in 1969 to endorse" constructive ambiguity "that allowed Tel Aviv to hide its nuclear arsenal. At the same time, colonial Zionists brandished the threat of that arsenal to seize land they coveted for Greater Israel.
Israeli incursions provoked the expected reactions that led to Tel Aviv to present himself as a poor victim in need of U.S. support in a hostile and anti-Semitic environment. Four years after Kennedy wrote to Ben-Gurion, Israel launched a massive offensive against the six-day neighboring nations, occupying territories that remain at the heart of hostilities hostilities against which Tel Aviv insists strongly that he needs weapons nuclear defense.
With a war in Iraq ready to expand to Iran, the next six months have a rare opportunity to revisit not only Israel's nuclear arsenal but also - given the consistency of its behavior over the six decades - the legitimacy of the Zionist enterprise. Managing threat to Zionism: JFK, RFK and Fulbright
In 1962, Senator William Fulbright of Arkansas, chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, organized hearings to ensure that the American Zionist Council - created by the Jewish Agency - was registered as an agent of a foreign government. Then President JFK and his brother Robert, the Attorney General (Minister of Justice). Edward ("Ted") Kennedy was elected to the Senate in the same year, occupying the seat of his brother Jack. In October 1963, the Justice Department - headed by Robert Kennedy - demanded that the Council is registered as a foreign agent.
After Kennedy's assassination in November 1963, Nicholas Katzenbach succeeded RFK as Attorney General for President Lyndon Johnson. To avoid registration, the Zionist Council morphed into Committee American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC). This umbrella organization - still disguised as a domestic lobby - continues to coordinate the efforts of dozens of organizations supporting American policy environment favorable to a foreign nation.
The Kennedy brothers shared a little known idea, they were certain that Israel exercised political influence through political party lines. In the last weeks of his 1960 presidential campaign, candidate Kennedy went to New York to seek financial support from leading Jewish businessmen for. On his return to Washington, he called his old friend Charlie Bartlett who had introduced Jack to Jackie.
According to Bartlett, Kennedy was furious against those he met in Manhattan and had assured him that the funds he needed were available, but only if they entrusted the development of U.S. policy in the Middle East . With his brother "Bobby", responsible for the strategy of the campaign, this experience came to them no doubt in mind when, in 1963, JFK confirmed that Israel - while presenting itself as an ally of USA - had lied repeatedly about its development of nuclear weapons.
Israel against Kennedy
Full unpopular war in Vietnam, Robert Kennedy reappeared to challenge policy Texan who replaced his brother as president in 1963. Nobody knows with certainty whether, as president, RFK would have kept JFK's position on the nuclear arsenal of the Zionist state. Or he would have repeated the same requirement that the Israel lobby is registered as an agent of a foreign government.
When the second Kennedy threat was eliminated by a new murder in June 1968, Tel Aviv welcomed Richard Nixon at the White House, which has followed an "ambiguous" policy strategically vital to Israel's nuclear weapons. John Mitchell, Minister of Justice of Nixon, was a partner in the law firm of New York (Mudge, Rose, Guthrie & Alexander) that Nixon joined in 1963 after his unsuccessful attempts to be elected president, losing to JFK 1960, California Governor, two years later. In honor of the election of Nixon, the Jewish dominant firm was renamed Nixon, Mudge, Rose, Guthrie & Alexander.
In 1973, five years after the death of RFK, Senator Fulbright could announce with certainty that " Israel controlled the Senate of the United States . " In 1974, he was replaced in the Senate. Journalist Helen Thomas then followed Nixon, one of the ten presidents in his long career as a correspondent for the White House. At the first press conference of Obama, she sought to disambiguate and who was a nuclear threat in the region. His question to the new Commander in Chief: which nation in the Middle East has nuclear weapons?
In response, Barack Obama, Chicago, made the "no two of Tel Aviv." Rather than answer the question, he spoke of the need for non-proliferation and nuclear disarmament. Ever since Thomas was allowed to ask another question. Instead, she was subjected to derogatory personal attacks by pro-Zionist radio and TV journalists who were trying to make believe it was her dam - not the answer to his question - the problem.
At every opportunity, Tel Aviv insists that Tehran's nuclear program is a threat "existential". This is correct, but not for the reason that the Israel lobby would have us believe the Americans. If Israel fails to persuade the U.S. to join an attack against Iran (or condone), a slight semblance of stability could be acquired in the Middle East. With stability, so will the opportunity to confirm the common source of bribed intelligence that led the U.S. to invade Iraq in response to the mass murder of September 11.
One country had the means, motive, opportunity and, importantly, the intelligence services of a stable state to mount such a deception within the USA. As this fact becomes apparent, an American public informed insist that its leaders review the legitimacy of the Zionist enterprise along with the costs that this "special relationship" has generated for the U.S. in blood, public funds and credibility hard acquired. Israel is the real threat to Israel
Existential threat to Israel is real, but it did not originate from Iran. The real threat is the fact that Tel Aviv could still hide if he could provoke a new crisis in the region. This reality provides confirmation of the illegitimacy of the Zionist enterprise as a nation-state.
The threat to Barack Obama could become existential if it acted in accordance with his inaugural oath. So far, it has not been willing to face the risks that this close alliance with Jewish extremists imposes on the national security of the United States and the prospects for peace.
As the source of the deceit that led the United States to go to war becomes known, Americans will insist on the issue of liability. Zionist fanatics may choose another course. A modern-day Masada is a nuclear possibility. With their vast arsenal (estimated at between 200 to 400 warheads), these religious extremists could take the lead accountability causing global chaos, while accusing the fascist "Islamists" to try to keep intact plausibly their victim status .
Eliminate the existential threat posed by religious extremists holders of nuclear weapons requires that the United States - as the main ally of Israel - isolate the Zionist enterprise, withdraw their recognition of Israel as a legitimate state and reclassify its advocates as foreign agents. This change, which should have been made long ago in the legal status of the Israel lobby - already tried in 1962 - a law to allow law enforcement to initiate proceedings against officials lobby for bringing aid and comfort to an enemy within.
The focal point for peace in the Middle East, are not those nations that do not have nuclear weapons but the one nation that has. In the absence of external pressure, Israeli behavior will not change.
Those who seek peace in the region must boycott Israeli exports, divest from Israeli companies and demand sanctions against Israel, equivalent to Israel wants to impose on others. If there is less, it is certain that the Zionist extremists continue to put us all in danger.
Jeff Gates is a widely appreciated writer, lawyer, investment banker, educator and consultant to government, business and labor in the world. He is an advisor to the Finance Committee of the Senate of the United States.
His latest book Guilt by Association - How Deception and Self-Deceit Took Amarica to War (2008).
London, September 14, 2009 - The Palestine Telegraph - translation: JPP
How Israel's Nuclear Arsenal endangers Us All
by Jeff Gates for Middle East Online Obama HAS shown no inclination to address the perils That this entangled alliance with Jewish extremists imposed on U.S. national security and on the prospects for peace. The focal point for peace in the Middle East shoulds not be That Those nations do not-have nuclear weapons the purpose That Does one nation, notes Jeff Gates . On September 24th, U.S. President Barack Obama Will preside over a UN Security Council session on nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament. In March 2010, Moscow Will host a Global Nuclear Summit That The U.S. HAS Agreed to expect. The next six months Could Prove hopeful or harmful-DEPENDING on the impact on Israel's nuclear arsenal. With U.S. backing, Tel Aviv HAS Thus Far Avoided compliance with the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty-joining North Korea, India and Pakistan. President John F. Kennedy tried to stop Israel from starting a nuclear arms race in the Middle East. In a June 1963 letter to Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, he insisted on proof "beyond a reasonable doubt" that Israel Was Not Developing nuclear weapons at Dimona reactor facility icts. Though His letter WAS cabled to the U.S. embassy, Ben-Gurion resigned (Citing undisclosed personal Reasons) before the Message Could Be Physically Delivered. With Israel's nuclear ambitions under attack by icts key ally, that 'Strategically well-timed resignation duped an inexperienced young president and denied him a diplomatic victory That might well-have precluded the wars now waged Being in the Middle East. With Ben-Gurion's resignation, JFK WAS left without an Israeli government with All which he Could negotiate. By the time a new government WAS Formed, the Kennedy threat HAD beens eliminated and Tel Aviv Could start haggling from scratch with successor Lyndon Johnson Who Was far more sympathetic to the goals of the Zionist state. That strategy resurfaced in the recent resignation of Prime Minister Ehud Olmert just as the Road Map Gained traction and the threat of peace loomed on the horizon. Olmert's successor, Benjamin Netanyahu, Then used the terms of the Road Map as a bargaining chip to start haggling-with an inexperienced young president-over sanctions against Iran. Democrat Lyndon Johnson Proved himself has Reliably folding pro-Israeli president as DID His successor, Republican Richard Nixon. Described by Prime Minister Golda Meir as "the best friend Israel ever had," Nixon Agreed in 1969 to endorse "constructive ambiguity" as a means clustering for Tel Aviv to obscure icts nuclear arsenal. Meanwhile Colonial Zionists brandished the threat of That arsenal to sixteen land They Sought for Greater Israel. Israeli incursions Provoked the reactions One Would expect, Enabling Tel Aviv to portray Itself as a hapless victim in need of U.S. media in a hostile and anti-Semitic neighborhood . Four Years After Kennedy wrote to Ben-Gurion, Israel mounted a massive six-day assault on Neighboring nations, lands Occupying That Remain at the heart of the hostilities against All which Tel Aviv insists it Needs nuclear weapons to defend Itself. With the war in Iraq poised to expand to Iran, the next six months offer a scarce opportunity to revisit not only Israel's nuclear arsenal goal also-in light of the consistency of icts behavior over six Decades-the Legitimacy of the Zionist enterprise. Managing the Threat to Zionism: JFK , RFK and Fulbright In 1962 Senator William Fulbright of Arkansas, chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, convened hearings to Ensure That The American Zionist Council-funded by the Jewish Agency-register as the agent of a foreign government. JFK Was Then president and brother Robert His attorney general. Edward ("Ted") Kennedy Elected to the Senate WAS That year to fill His Brother Jack's seat. In October 1963 the Department of Justice-led by Robert Kennedy-Demanded That The Council register as a foreign agent. Following the Kennedy assassination in November 1963, Nicholas Katzenbach succeeded RFK as Attorney General for Lyndon Johnson. To Avoid registration, the Zionist Council morphed into the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC). That umbrella organization-still disguised as a domestic lobby continued to coordinate the efforts of Dozens of organisms That sustain a U.S. policy environment favorable to a foreign nation. The Kennedy brothers shared a little-known insight into the confidence with All which Israel wields political influence of across party lines. In the closing weeks of His 1960 presidential campaign, candidate Kennedy Traveled to New York to seek financial backing from Jewish business leaders. On his return to Washington, he called Expired His old friend Charlie Bartlett Have you HAD Introduced Jack to Jackie. According To Bartlett, Kennedy WAS livid Effective Those he puts in Manhattan assured him the funds he Sought That Were purpose only available if he turned over to em the formulation of U.S. policy in the Middle East. With brother "Bobby" his chief campaign strategist, that 'experience Doubtless cam to mind When, in 1963, JFK confirmed That Israel-while Itself Portraying a U.S. ally-Repeatedly lied to him about icts development of nuclear weapons. vs Israel. the Kennedys At the height an unpopular war in Vietnam, Robert Kennedy Emerged to challenge the policies of the Texan Have you mittal His Brother as president in 1963. No one knows for sure That, as president, RFK Would Have Followed JFK's stance on the Zionist state's nuclear arsenal. Nor do we know for sure That he Would Have Renewed His insistence That the Israel lobby register as the agent of a foreign government. When a second Kennedy threat WAS eliminated with an assassination in June 1968, Tel Aviv Welcomed to the White House Richard Nixon Have you Strategically supported Israel's essential "ambiguous" policy on nuclear arms. Nixon Attorney General John Mitchell Was a partner in the same New York law firm (Mudge, Rose, Guthrie & Alexander) That Nixon joined in 1963 Effective His failed bids as president, losing to JFK in 1960 and as governor of California two years later . In honor of Nixon's arrival, the dominantly Jewish firm WAS renamed Nixon, Mudge, Rose, Guthrie & Alexander. In 1973 five Years After RFK's death, Senator Fulbright Could announce with confidence That "Israel controls the U.S. Senate." By 1974 he WAS mittal in the Senate. Journalist Helen Thomas Was Then covering Nixon, one of ten presidents in her Lengthy career as White House correspondent. In Obama's first press conference, she Sought to Clarify the ambiguity about just a nuclear threat Have you Posed in the area. Her questions for this latest Commander in Chief: which nation in the Middle East nuclear weapons HAS? In response, Chicagoan Barack Obama About did the "Tel Aviv Two-Step." Rather than answer the question, he spoke about the need for nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament. Not since then Thomas HAS-been allowed to ask Reviews another question. Instead She Was Subjected to a withering barrage of personal attacks by pro-Zionist broadcasters Have you Sought to make it APPEAR That she-not the answer to her questions-is the problem. poses At every opportunity, Tel Aviv insists That Tehran's nuclear energy program year "existential threat." That claim is ok though not for the reason the Israel lobby That Would Have Americans believe. If Israel cannot persuade the U.S. to join (or condone) an attack on Iran, Some faint semblance of stability May yet be attained in the Middle East. With stability will come an opportunity to confirm the common source of the fixed intelligence That induced the U.S. to invade Iraq in response to the mass murder of 911. Only one nation Had the Means, motive, opportunity and, importantly, the steady nation state intelligence Such a disappointment to mount inside the U.S. As That Becomes apparent fact, an Informed American public insist That Will icts leadership revisit the Legitimacy of the Zionist enterprise along with the costs That this "special relationship" has Imposed on the U.S. in blood, treasure and hard-earned credibility. Israel is the Real Threat to Israel The existential threat to Israel is real goal icts source is not Iran. The real threat is the facts That Tel Aviv May again obscure if it Succeeds in provoking Yet Another crisis in the area. Those facts confirm the illegitimacy of the Zionist enterprise as a nation state. The threat to Barack Obama Could Become existential shoulds he act consistent with His oath of office. As yet He Has shown no inclination to address the perils That this entangled alliance with Jewish extremists imposed on U.S. national security and on the prospects for peace. As the source of the duplicity That induced the U.S. to war Becomes known, Americans Will insist on accountability . Zionist fanatics May Choose another race. A modern-day Masada is a nuclear possibility. With Their vast arsenal (Estimates Range from 200 to 400 Warheads) thesis religious extremists Could preempt accountability by Creating chaos worldwide while Affixing blame on "Islamo" fascists in an Attempt to keep Their victim status plausibly intact. To Eliminate the Threat Posed by existential nuclear-armed religious extremists Requires That The U.S. as Israel's key ally-isolate the Zionist enterprise, WITHDRAW icts recognition as a Legitimate state and reclassify icts advocates as foreign agents. That long overdue change in the legal status of the Israel lobby-first Sought in 1962-will enable U.S. law enforcement to Pursue icts operatives for giving aid and comfort to an enemy within. The focal point for peace in the Middle East shoulds not be Those That nations do not-have nuclear weapons the goal That one nation does. Absent external pressure, Israeli behavior Will not change. Those Have you seek peace in the area must boycott Israeli exports, divest from Israeli firms and insist on sanctions against Israel akin to Those it seeks against others. Anything less Will Ensure That Zionist extremists continue to endanger us all. Jeff Gates is author of Guilt By Association, Democracy at Risk and The Ownership Solution . See www.criminalstate.com .
The message was clear to everyone on Capitol Hill, clear to hear and understand, "Do not put yourself on our way to prevent us from influencing public opinion, politics and laws. "
Hesham Tillawi - The Palestine Chronicle Tuesday, September 15, 2009
" Israel does not need to apologize for the assassination or destruction of those who seek to destroy it. The first duty of every country to protect its people. "
Washington Jewish Week - October 9, 1997
I left a country under military occupation by Israel of the "Freedom and courage" to discover that he was also occupied by Israel politically.
The Palestinian people, who clings to any shred of hope, taking on today's Americans to realize the falsity of their methods, change of opinion on the overall situation in the Middle East and understand it as it really is: that of a people dominated, oppressed, who lives a life of hell in a demented occupying Power, a people who will contact their elected representatives in Congress and put pressure on them for that Israel fully implements the agreements it has concluded there are years with the PLO (an organization for the Liberation of Palestine) as Oslo, Taba, Camp David, Wye River, the Road Map, or even Annapolis.
The sad reality, however, is that the Americans - if they take up the cause themselves as "free people" - are no better off than the Palestinians. On the contrary, the situation is worse unienne states that Palestinians. Palestinians can identify the enemy - the one with a gun who kills their loved ones. They know they are occupied and oppressed. They know how Israel occupied Palestine, killed its inhabitants and forced the majority of those who survived the carnage to leave their homes and land to live as foreigners in refugee camps.
But Americans have no idea. Like a drug addict who fancies himself in great shape after shot, the American does not realize he is a slave of his cam and his dealer. The story is no mystery about how England was controlled by Zionists. Thanks to Jewish control of the British government, it issued the Balfour Declaration, which "gave" the land of Palestine to the Jews after World War II, a land he did not own and which he could not have.
But how on earth could they occupy politically the United States? There is no real "Balfour Declaration" that could be presented as evidence.
Or can we?
Jewish influence on American politics - even if it exists since the early days and certainly during the Wilson, Roosevelt and Truman administrations - did not weight it is today until the Kennedy era or Rather, after the Kennedy era.
As we all know, in 1961 John Kennedy became the 35th President of the United States, a presidency that was interrupted by his assassination in Dallas, November 22, 1963. Robert Kennedy, the youngest brother of the President, was Attorney General (Minister of Justice) of the United States and therefore, he headed the Department of Justice.
What is less known is that Kennedy had quickly realized that the country was in fact a problem and needed to do something. The difficulty in this case was the influence that crept into American politics from a distant state that existed only for about 12 years under the name of Israel. The brothers Kennedy, who learned the policy on their knees with their father Joseph, understood the dynamics of what is called "Jewish interests", how they would develop and what are the implications for America.
Of all the issues that revolved around Israel and Zionism, the two most important as dependent on the Jewish state were (A) Israel and (B) nuclear program, an organization known as the Council of American Zionist.
According to the Pulitzer Prize winner, Seymour Hersh, President Kennedy was deeply committed to non-proliferation of nuclear and categorically opposed to nuclear weapons in the Middle East, which meant opposition to Israel's nuclear program. Hersh states that JFK exerted heavy pressure on Israel to stop its program and he was firm about it. At the time, Kennedy was in full crisis management with the Russians, trying to conclude a non-proliferation treaty with them and therefore Israel's nuclear program was particularly embarrassing. In addition to being an embarrassment, this program opened up the possibility of a nuclear conflict with Russia through alliances thereof in the Middle East, more credible way after the Cuban missile crisis which had nearly triggered a nuclear war between the two giants. John Kennedy had nightmares at the prospect of nuclear proliferation, " I am haunted by the feeling that unless we succeed, by 1970, there may be ten nuclear powers instead of four, and by 1975 fifteen to twenty ... I see the possibility for the President of the United States in the 70s, to be faced with a world where fifteen or twenty nations possess such weapons. I consider it the greatest danger. "
Secret letters and secret meetings between Kennedy and Ben Gurion give a clear picture of the difficulty that was faced Kennedy in negotiations with the Israeli Prime Minister, who had said many times that nothing could save Israel if n is the nuclear force. According to Michael Collins Piper, in his book, The Final Judgment , Ben Gurion wrote Kennedy saying this: " Mr. President, my people have the right to exist, and this existence is in danger. "
No need for a qualified translator to understand what Ben Gurion meant, that Kennedy's opposition to nuclear weapons in the Middle East was seen as an existential threat to the Jewish people and the newly formed state. Going further, Kennedy insisted on inspections of Israel's program, as evidenced by a secret letter to then Israeli Prime Minister Levy Eshkol, saying that U.S. support for Israel " could be jeopardized "if Americans n were not allowed to inspect Israeli nuclear facilities.
As if the above were not enough, there was another front in this private war between Kennedy and the "Jewish state", as important in its scope if we understand what kinds of forces were at play there, which led a change in policy of America towards Israel. It focuses on issues of espionage, corruption and the direct control of American politicians by a foreign power, and at the center of it all, there was the American Zionist Council and the requirement to register the Kennedy- it as a foreign agent as provided by FARA, the law on the registration of foreign agents, passed by Congress in 1938 to prevent German agents in the United States to infiltrate the American system of government and public opinion. The purpose of FARA was " to ensure that the American public and its legislators knew the source of propaganda / information aimed at influencing public opinion, policy and law. "
In other words, Kennedy had understood the danger of the Zionist movement in the United States of America and treated as Germany was during the Hitler years. Kennedy had understood the reality of the situation as it was at the time when they ruled that the American Zionist Council (CSA) was the agent of a foreign government, Israel, and that they should prevent to buy U.S. politicians and carry out any kind of influence on public opinion, which is now almost a fait accompli.
Negotiations have been shuttling between the Department of Justice headed by Robert, brother of the President, and the American Zionist Council. The Council refused to be saved and the Justice Department tried to put pressure on him, from one moment to give him 72 hours to register, but in vain. The review of recently declassified documents containing the reports of these meetings between the DJ and the CSA shows us that there used language gangster. In one of these documents, dated May 2, 1963, the Head of Legal Department of CSA, Simon H. Rifkind said representatives of the Department of Justice what is the nature of CSA, saying, " The Council is composed of representatives of the various Zionist organizations in the United States "and therefore it is basically" the vast majority of Jews organized in this country. "The message was clear: against these organizations, the Council is great and powerful. Judge Rifkind obviously wanted to ensure that Kennedy knew they were looking for a fight with a gorilla, and not with any little mouse.
It does not stop there, going as far as saying that the number of Jews who had adhered to the principles of Zionism does not understand how " our administration "may" do so much harm to the Zionist movement and compromise the effectiveness of Council by its insistence for registration. "
Here Judge Rifkind made sure to use the phrase "our administration" and not "our government" to point precisely he spoke to Kennedy in person, it was the Jews who could get him to be elected and that if he continued in his diary, he came actually at war with the organized Jewish community.
Another very important meeting it is interesting to note was held October 17, 1963 between the Department of Justice and the American Zionist Council. At this meeting Judge Rifkind required non-registration, arguing that " the opinion of most people affiliated to the Council that such registration was ... eventually destroy the Zionist movement , "adding he did not believe that clients can make" any document request or sign any paper which would indication that the organization was the agent of a foreign principal " . In other words, " Go to hell, Americans, you and your laws, we will do what we want , "and it was just as much a threat to the Administration, indicating that, in fact, ruled the country , not the Kennedy brothers but people "affiliated" to the CSA. Once translated his language gangster understandable political language, this statement was actually a warning, a direct threat to the Administration that the war had begun. It should be taken into account or not, Kennedy understood this as a real threat but nevertheless, the Administration decided to maintain its position.
November 22, 1963, President John Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas. As the CSA was in its twilight, AIPAC came galloping, created and directed by the same people who founded and managed the CSA, with the same objective. This time, however, the message was clear to everyone on Capitol Hill, clear to hear and understand: " Do not put yourself on our way to prevent us from influencing public opinion, politics and the law. "
Clearly, the message was effective for all U.S. leaders, except a few like James Traficant who acted according to instructions. According to former Congressman, Israel receives $ 15 billion in aid, the money Americans taxpayers, without any debate or a simple discussion at the House of Representatives or the Senate. Why?Because nobody dares question. Why most of our politicians going to make a pilgrimage to Tel Aviv and the "Wailing Wall" in Jerusalem for Israel's blessing even before being accepted by their own political party here in the United States? Why our Congress is always shared on all other matters to discuss it, except when it comes to Israel? We all remember the comment of former Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon to his Foreign Minister, Shimon Peres, October 2001: " Do not worry about American pressure, we the Jewish people, we control America. "When those who want to make the determination of this situation, they are treated with anti-Semitic, although what they say is the truth.
The "control" Sharon spoke existed long ago. Consider what the late Senator Fulbright (who chaired the Foreign Relations Committee of the Senate and held hearings in 1963 about the American Zionist Council to be registered as a foreign agent), that Senator Fulbright said on CBS television, issue Face the Nation , " I realize how much it is almost impossible in this country to conduct a foreign policy that is not approved by the Jews ... A terrible control that Jews have the information and the dam they built the Congress media ... Jewish influence here completely dominating the scene and making it almost impossible to get Congress something they do not approve. "These words were not spoken by a researcher or a journalist, but a courageous American hero who really lived and experienced the Jewish influence on our politics and our media system.
This Israeli occupation policy of the United States should not continue without being questioned, and the American Jewish community should understand that secrets can not be hidden from the people indefinitely. It takes at least one revolution to correct this situation. This corrective action should be decided at the ballot box, electing people who are not afraid to challenge AIPAC and others and make a truly American American foreign policy, and not Israeli.
As a first step in this process, keep the words of our dear martyr President, John F. Kennedy, in mind: " Those who make peaceful revolution impossible will make violent revolution inevitable. "
Hesham Tillawi, PhD in international relations, is Palestinian-American journalist, political analyst and radio and TV presenter. He wrote this article to PalestineChronicle.com.
NDT: As a denunciation of Zionist policy, Israel, the American Zionist Council and AIPAC, it is clear that the term "Jews" is used in the article to "Zionists".
September 14, 2009 - Source: Palestine Chronicle and Current Issues TV - translation: JPP http://www.info-palestine.net/ The Israeli Occupation of America: How Israel Gained Control of American Foreign Policy and Public Opinion The Israeli Occupation of America : How Israel Gained Control of American Foreign Policy and Public Opinion By Hesham Tillawi, PhD "Israel need not apologize for the assassination or destruction of Those Who seek to destroy it. The first order of business for any country is the protection of people icts. "Washington Jewish Week, October 9, 1997 I came from a country occupied militarily by Israel to the land of "the free and the brave" only to find out it too WAS politically occupied by Israel. The Palestinian people, holding on to whatever shred of hope They can, are counting on the day Americans see the error of Their ways and exchange Their opinion of the whole Middle East position and Understand it for what it truly is -A Conquered, oppressed people living a hellish existence under a maniacal, Occupying Power and Who Will Then touch and Their Representatives in Congress-have 'em put the heat on Israel in fulfilling the agreements she made years ago with the PLO: such as Oslo, Taba, Camp David, Wye River, the Road Map, Annapolis or odd. HOWEVER The sad fact is That The Americans-as much as Themselves As They champion a "free people"-are in no better shape than the Palestinians. On the Contrary, the American position is worse Than That of the Palestinians. The Palestinians can IDENTIFY the enemy-he is the one with the gun and blowing away Their loved ones. They KNOW They are occupied and oppressed. They KNOW how Israel occupied Palestine, killed icts Inhabitants and forced the Majority of Those Who survived the carnage out of Their homes and lands to live as strangers Then in refugee camps. HOWEVER The Americans, have no idea. Like a drug addict thinks he feels great Have you Effective shooting up, he Does not Realize he is a slave, to His and to His substance pusher. The history of how the Zionists' controlled England is not shrouded in mystery. Through Jewish control of the British government the Balfour Declaration WAS Drafted That "gave" the land of Palestine to the Jews Effective WWI, a land They Did not own or POSSESS. Goal how in the world Did They occupy the United States politically? There is no real "Balfour Declaration" to the point we can have proof. Or can we? Jewish influences in American politics-while there from the Earliest days and falling on the apparent Certainly Wilson, Roosevelt and Truman administrations-did not Become the strength it is Until today the Kennedy era, or, Rather, AFTER the Kennedy era. As all know, in 1961 John Kennedy Became the 35th President of the United States, a presidency cut short as a result of His assassination in Dallas on November 22, 1963. Robert Kennedy, the president's younger brother WAS Attorney General of the United States and therefore the head of the Department of Justice. What is little-known Is That the Kennedy's Realized early on That Indeed the country was in. disorder and That something needed to be done about it. The trouble in this case Was the impact slithering icts way into American political life from a far-away state only about 12 years old known as Israel. Both Kennedy brothers, learning politics at Their father Joseph's knee, Understood the dynamic of this thing known as "Jewish interests", how it Would play out and what the implications Would Be for America. Of The Many issues revolving around Israel and the Zionist Question the two more significant as pertains the Jewish state Were (A) Israel's nuclear program, and (B) the outcome of an organization known as the American Zionist Council. According To Pulitzer Prize winning author Seymour Hersh, President Kennedy WAS Profoundly-committed to nuclear nonproliferation and WAS categorically Opposed to nuclear weapons in the Middle East, Which Meant opposing Israel's nuclear program. Hersh states JFK exerted heavy pressure That is Israel to stop the program and WAS serious about it. At the time Kennedy was in. the middle of crises fashion with the Russians in Trying to arrange a nonproliferation treaty with em and therefore Israel's nuclear program Would be a big embarrassment. In addition to Being an embarrassment Would it open up the possibility of a nuclear conflict with Russia, Given her allies in the Middle East, something made all the more believable in the aftermath of the Cuban Missile Crisis That Almost resulted in a nuclear war Between the two giants. John Kennedy HAD nightmares about the prospect of nuclear proliferation, saying "I am haunted by the feeling That by 1970 Unless we are successful, there May be ten nuclear powers INSTEAD of four, and by 1975, 15 to 20 .... I see the possibility in the 1970s of the president of the United States Having to face a world in All which 15 or 25 nations-have May thesis weapons. I regard this as the greatest possible danger and hazard. " Secret letters and secret meetings Between Kennedy and Ben-Gurion give a clear picture of the difficulty Kennedy faced in Negotiating with the Israeli Prime Minister STATED Many Times Have you nothing That Will Save Israel nuclear goal power. According To author Michael Collins Piper in His book Final Judgment Ben Gurion wrote Kennedy saying: "Mr. President, my people-have the right to exist, and this existence is in danger. " It Does not take a skilled translate to figure out what Ben Gurion WAS saying derived, namely That Kennedy's opposition to nuclear weapons in the Middle East WAS seen as an existential threat to the Jewish people and Their newly-formed state. Going further, Kennedy insisted on inspections of Israel's program as Evidenced in a secret letter feels to then-Israeli Prime Minister Levy Eshkol That STATED That American backing of Israel "could be jeopardized" if the Americans Were not allowed to inspect the Israeli nuclear facilities. As if the aforementioned Were not enough, There Was Another face in this private War Between Kennedy and the "Jewish state" Equally significant in icts scope if we are to Understand what kinds of strengths Were at play here That led to America's change of policy with looks to Israel. It Involves the outcome of spying, bribery and the controlling of American politicians live by a foreign power and the one creature at the center of all of it WAS something known as the American Zionist Council and the Kennedys' insistence it register as a foreign agent under the provisos of FARA, the Foreign Agent Registration Act Passed by Congress back in 1938 to Prevent German agents in the U.S. from buying Their Way into the American system of government and public opinion. The purpose of FARA WAS "to insure That American public and Its law makers know the source of information-propaganda Intended to sway public opinion, policy, and laws." In other words the Kennedy's Understood the threat of the Zionist Movement on the United States of America and it just like Germany Treated Treated WAS falling on the Hitler years. The Kennedy's Understood the reality of the position as it Existed falling on Their days in government, that 'the AZC Was an agent of a foreign government, Israel, Which would Prevent it from buying American politicians and exerting the kind of influence of public over opinion making That for all intents and purposes is now is a fait accompli. Negotiations Went back and forth Between the Department of Justice headed by the President's brother Robert and the American Zionist Council. The council Refused to register and the DOJ tried to Exert pressure on em, odd going so far in one instance as giving 'em 72 hours to register, aim at no avail. Examining the newly-de-Classified Documents Containing the minutes of meetings Those Between the DOJ and the AZC one can see the language of gangsters Being used. In One of Those papers dated May 2, 1963 the head legal counsel Simon H. Rifkind for the AZC Explained to the Representatives of the DOJ the kind of the AZC, saying "The council is Composed of Representatives of the various Zionist organisms in the United States" and Thereby, in effect, it Represented "the vast Majority of Organized Jewry Within this country. "The Message WAS clear here-As far as organisms go it is big and Powerful. Judge Rifkind Obviously wanted to sour the Kennedy's Knew They Were picking a fight with a gorilla and not Some small mouse. Make He Did not stop there goal Went further by Stating That the vast number of Jews Have you adhered to the principles of Zionism Could not Understand how "our administration" could "Such do harm to the Zionist movement and the odd effectiveness of the council by insistence on registration." Here Judge Rifkind made safe he used the phrase "our administration" instead of "our government" to make a Specific point Namely That He Was talking about Kennedy Personally, that 'It was the Jews responsible for him getting Elected and That if he Continued with his agenda he was in. Entering into effect a war with Organized Jewry. Another meeting very much worth noting WAS Held on October 17, 1963 Between DOJ and AZC. In this meeting Judge Rifkind insisted on non Registering, Citing Fact That That "It was the opinion of MOST of the persons affiliated with the Council Registration Such That ... would destroy the Zionist movement Eventually" Adding and That He Did not believe His customers would " Any file papers or sign papers indicating indication Any That The organization Was an agent of a foreign principal. " In other words, "Screw You America and your laws, we'll do what we want" as well as threatening the administration and telling 'em Have you really Ruled the country, not the Kennedy brothers Rather the aim persons "affiliated" with AZC. Once translated from Gangsterese into understandable political language, this statement was in. Direct effect a warning / threat to the Administration That WAS the war on. It is up for grabs Whether or not the Kennedys Understood this to be the real threat It was, nevertheless the goal Administration Decided to continue with icts position. On November 22, 1963 President John Kennedy WAS assassinated in Dallas. As the AZC went away into the sunset, AIPAC cam riding in, born and led by the same persons and managed AZC Have you created for the same purpose. This time HOWEVER, the Message Clearly Went out for all on Capitol Hill to hear and Understand-"Do not stand in our way of Influencing public opinion, policy, or laws." Obviously, the message has been effective, as all American leaders save A Few: such as James Traficant-have done as Instructed. According To form the Congressman, Israel Receives $ 15 Billion worth of aid from the American Taxpayers without a single conversation or a single argument on the floor of the house Either of Representatives or the Senate.
Why?Because no one dares to issue it. Why is it That MOST of our politicians make pilgrimage to Tel Aviv and the "wailing wall" in Jerusalem to get the blessing of Israel Before They are approved by Their Own odd political party here in the United States? Why is it our Congress is always split down the middle on all other issues presented to em except When It deals with Israel? We all still remember the comment made by Israeli Prime Minster form Ariel Sharon to Foreign Minister Shimon Peres His in October 2001. "Do not worry about American pressure, we the Jewish people control America" When people with eyes to see That fact state They are called Expired anti-Semites, Despite The Fact That What is Being Said is the truth.
The "control" Sharon spoke about has-been there for a long time now. Consider what the late Senator Fulbright (who Chaired the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and hearings Have you Held back in 1963 Regarding the AZC and the fact it shoulds be registered as a Foreign Agent Registration) Said When speaking on the CBS television program "Face the Nation" Had to say- "I am not aware how it is Almost in this country to carry out a foreign policy not approved by the Jews ... Terrific control the Jews-have over the news media and the barrage the Jews-have built up on the Jewish Congress ... impact here is completely Call dominating the scene and making it possible to get Almost Congress to do anything They (the Jews) do not approve of. " These words spoken by Were not a researcher or a delay by a goal brave American hero Have you Actually Lived Experienced and through the Jewish influences over our political system and media. This Israeli political occupation of the United States shoulds not go on unchallenged, and American Jewry shoulds Understand That secret cannot be hidden from the people forever. Nothing less than a revolution will CORRECT this situation. The corrective action shoulds be taken at the ballot boxes by electing people Who are not afraid to challenge AIPAC and the likes and make America's Foreign Policy truly American and not Israeli. As a first step in this process, let us keep the words of our dear martyred President John F Kennedy in mind- "Those make peaceful revolution Have you not make violent revolution inevitable Will." Hesham Tillawi, PhD International Relations is a Palestinian American writer, Political Analyst and a TV and Radio Talk Show Host. His program Current issues with Hesham Tillawi can be viewed Live every Thursday evening at 6:30 PM Central Standard Time on Cox Cable system Channel 15 in Louisiana, Nationwide on Bridges TV, and Worldwide on Amazonas Satellite, as well as Live on the Internet at http :/ / www.currentissues.tv and can be contacted at email@example.com Interviews Then archived for on demand viewing at www.currentissues.tv Radio show broadcast on RBN www.republicbroadcasting.org every Saturday at 4-6 PM Central Time
Arab states in the United Nations nuclear assembly on Friday won narrow approval of a resolution Urging Israel to put all icts atomic site under the world body's inspection and join the Non-Proliferation Treaty. Israel deplored the measure for singling it out while; many of icts neighbors Remained hostile to icts existence, and Said It Would not Cooperate with it. The non-binding resolution, Passed All which for the first time in 18 years thanks to more of Attempts Developing nation votes, voiced concern about "Israeli nuclear capabilities" and urged the International Atomic Energy Agency to tackle the issue. Israel is one of only three countries worldwide along with India and Pakistan outside the nuclear NPT and is Widely ASSUMED to-have the Middle East's only nuclear arsenal, though it HAS never confirmed or denied this. Iranian Ambassador Ali Asghar Soltanieh, Whose country's Disputed nuclear program is under IAEA investigation, Told reporters Friday's vote WAS a "glorious moment" and "a triumph for the oppressed nation of Palestine." UN Security Council members Russia and China aussi backed the resolution, Which Passed by 49 votes to 45 against in a floor vote at the IAEA's annual member states conference. The vote split along Western lines and Developing Nation. There Were 16 abstentions. "Israel Will not Cooperate in Any matter with this resolution All which is only aiming at Reinforcing political hostilities and lines of division in the Middle East area," chief Israeli delegate David Danieli Told the chamber. Said Western states It was unfair and counterproductive to isolate one member state. They Said an IAEA resolution Passed on Thursday, Urging all Middle East nations to foreswear atomic bombs, included Israel and made Friday's proposal Unnecessary. Arab nations Said Israel HAD Brought the resolution on Itself by HAVING never signed the 40-year-old NPT. Before the vote, U.S. Ambassador Glyn Davies Said the resolution WAS "redundant ... Such an approach is highly politicized and Does not address the Complexities at play crucial Regarding nuclear-related issues in the Middle East." Calling the resolution "unbalanced", Canada tried to block a vote on the floor with a "no action motion". The purpose procedural maneuver lost by an eight-vote margin. The same motion prevailed in 2007 and 2008. A senior diplomat from the non-aligned movement of Developing Nations Said HAD times changed. "People and countries are bolder now, willing to call a spade a spade. You cannot hide or ignore the truth, Double the standards of Israel's nuclear capability forever, "he said. "The new U.S. [Obama] administration HAS Certainly Helped this thinking with icts commitment to universal nuclear disarmament and nuclear weapons-free zones," they said. The measure WAS last voted When it is in 1991 Passed by 39-31 with 13 abstentions When IAEA membership WAS much smaller. since then there only-have-been official summaries of debate on this item or successful motions for adjournment or no action. read on: cristos.over-blog . com (blog Bob Gratton)
Friday, September 18, 2009 Nuclear: Israel invites IAEA to join the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (media)
Ria Novosri: 18/09/2009 MOSCOW, September 18 - RIA Novosti. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on Friday approved a resolution calling on Israel to join the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and to open its nuclear facilities to UN inspectors, related European agencies. Israel, along with India and Pakistan, the three countries that have not signed the treaty. The Jewish state. [Editor's note: in fact the Jewish state] is presumed to possess nuclear weapons, but the Israeli authorities refuse to recognize Passed in Vienna on Friday at an annual conference of the IAEA, the revolution has raised 49 votes for, 45 votes against and 16 abstentions. Russia and China voted for this document. representative of Israel to the IAEA was quick to declare that his country regretted to see the agency adopt the resolution, without intending to apply . " Israel on any issue will follow the resolution that aims to aggravate political animosity in the Middle East, "said after the vote, the deputy director of the Israeli Commission of Nuclear Energy David Danieli. Source: Ria Novosti
All studies show the IAEA that Iran does not develop nuclear weapons.
All studies show that Israeli Jews illegally developed nuclear weapons. And Israeli Jews accused (falsely) of an offense Iran only Israeli Jews have committed. This is called an adversarial inversion is that systematically practice the Zionist entity to conceal his crimes throughout history. It uses all the tricks for this and all possible devices: the intensive media propaganda, false school teachings, Stalinist memorial laws to prevent historians and journalists to speak (like the famous law "Martin Luther King "in gestation) ... The response of the international community to the danger of Israeli Jewish entity is excellent news. alterinfo.net: The atomic arsenal of Israel "concern" the General Conference of the IAEA 19 / 09/2009
VIENNA - The General Conference of the IAEA on Friday expressed its "concern" over the atomic arsenal of Israel, whose existence is neither confirmed nor denied by Jerusalem, in a resolution also calling Israel to abandon nuclear weapons.
Arab states have managed to get a text, not binding, however, expressing "concern about the Israeli nuclear capabilities and (Appellant) Israel to adopt the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and place its nuclear sites under safeguards to safeguard the international Atomic energy. "
Western countries have initially tried to prevent a vote on the resolution deemed counterproductive, especially after the adoption of another text Thursday calling on all States in the Middle East to renounce weapons nucléaires.Mais their motion was rejected and the resolution was adopted by 49 votes in favor, 45 against and 16 abstentions. This is the first time since 1991 that such a resolution is adopted by the IAEA on Israel, regarded as the only atomic power in the Middle East.
The Israeli delegation "deplored" the vote and announced that Israel "will not cooperate." The deputy head of the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission David Danieli said that the only purpose of the resolution was to "strengthen the lines of division and political hostilities in the Middle East."
Iran, which does not recognize Israel and whose president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad regularly launches diatribes against Israel, supported document from Arab countries. Its representative to the IAEA, Ali Asghar Soltanieh, ruled that the Israeli arsenal "is a potential threat to the peace and security of the world" and undermines the credibility of the nuclear non-proliferation. The adoption of this text, he said, "very good news and a triumph for the oppressed nation of Palestine".
Ennaharonline / AFP
FINAL JUDGMENT : EBOOK (U.S. $ 10.00)
The Missing Link in the JFK Assassination Conspiracy
by Michael Collins Piper
First soft cover edition published in 1994. Sixth edition, second printing, published in 2005.
665 pages (Including Index) Review: The most recent sixth edition offert by America First Books as an ebook. eBook Summary: Arguably this is the best analysis of existence in one of the MOST pivotal crimes of the Twentieth Century. It aussi a vital expose of the hidden real power structure of America Whose virulent poison has-been steadily spreading corruption Throughout our increasingly distressed country. Final Judgment document how Israel's leaders, the Mossad, the Meyer Lansky-run Organized crime syndicate, and a pro -Zionist faction of the CIA colluded to assassinate President John F.
Kennedy.The general pattern of the JFK covert operation, to include the skillful use of "limited hang-outs," "patsies," and "false flags," has beens very Likely repeated in various forms: such as later in the assassination of Bobby Kennedy, the murder of Martin Luther King , the mysterious death of CIA Director William Colby form, the very suspicious Oklahoma City bombing, and the Mossad-linked " controlled demolition "of the World Trade Center towers on September 11, 2001. More Recently, we-have seen how the " High Priests of War "have flexed raw-Israeli lobby power by pushing American interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq and saber-rattling by Promoting at Iran and Syria. JFK Planned a military strike to Prevent Israeli-year Red Chinese scientific partnership from building the first atomic bombs for China and Israel. He Sought to thwart the CIA-Mossad-Meyer Lansky That partnership controlled the heroin trade stemming from the Golden Triangle by pulling U.S. troops out of Vietnam. JFK odd Transferred control of Cold War espionage operations from the CIA to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Through His carrier of Algerian independence and an "even-handedness" policy Towards Other Arab nations, JFK infuriated the French Secret Army Organization (OAS) and Its supporters Mossad Have you HAD feels professional assassins against French President Charles DeGaulle. JFK's brother Bobby as Attorney General, Moved aggressively against the lower levels of Meyer Lansky-dominated Organized Crime in America. Lastly, the Kennedy family quietly Talked about shutting down America's privately owned Federal Reserve banking cartel That HAS Provided vital fiat money financing for Zionist projects.
The Kennedy brothers definitely made enemies Have you HAD not only the resources to carry out an assassination, goal aussi Had the web of allies in the national media controlled Necessary to sustain long-term cover up. JFK Entered office as a liberal playboy and ended up martyring himself in resonance with the ancient Celtic tune The Minstrel Boy . Final Judgment Suggests That behind the scenes, JFK Fought for the American national interest and Lived up to the heroic imagery contained in His book Profiles in Courage and in the 1963 movie PT 109 about His WWII exploits.
JFK: Another myth crumbles
45th anniversary of the assassination of JFK
Michael Collins Piper against the Jewish mafia
Gaddafi: Mossad assassinated JFK
Israel's Secret Nuclear Weapons Program
nuclear secrets sold to Israel by AIPAC officials
Vanunu in prison and the Israeli nuclear
Samson Option: they go to hell, they carry with them we
Nixon opposed the acquisition of a nuclear bomb Israel
Israelis Heroes: Ostrovsky, Vanunu, etc.
Walter Cronkite and the Mossad responsible for the assassination of JFK
A nuclear arsenal of Israel?
Why can some, but for others - not? And why do all of unheard and unseen?
Photo by EPA / BGNES
June 25, 2012 16:43
August 30, 2012 11:17
August 17, 2012 16:22
May 8, 2012 17:28
Reading the posts and comments on the subject of Iran's nuclear program in the past few months, one would have the impression that the end, if not the world then at least Israel is approaching.
Israeli leaders warn and threaten more heatedly, and local and international media are trying to know exactly when to hit Tel Aviv Iranian installations, with or without American help, with titles such as "In a few weeks ...", "Before the election ... "" After the election ... "," ... In the autumn . "
Big noise that pops up in the audience leaves the impression that the moment they turn the last cog Iranian nuclear bomb, it will be launched in the direction of Tel Aviv. Paranoia is evident from every word.
But history says otherwise. None of the 9 nuclear states (not counting the countries that have adopted its territory foreign weapons of this type) has not used it, except the flagship of world democracy U.S., of course. How ironic. But they dropped the bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki not so much hatred for the enemy, but by ... curiosity - to test new weapons over the "real" purposes .
Greatest benefit of being able to upload a nuclear missile submarines or aircraft is not the advantage that it gives you the front and the diplomatic card - possibility when something you do not like to get up and turn your back on everyone else sure that no one sent his army against you. Whether you come from Pyongyang, Islamabad or anywhere else. And threaten those around who do not have nukes when you decide.
In Israel know this very well because we can not forget the fact that their own stores also have nuclear weapons. Everything else, however, seems to have forgotten, which is understandable given that this subject hardly speaks in public.
IDF / IDF, Israel Defense Forces / have dozens or hundreds of nuclear warheads and the capacity to shoot them from underground silos, submarines and fighter aircraft F-16.
As the magazine New Yorker , outside the Ministry of Defense in Tel Aviv, very few people know exactly how much the country has nuclear weapons. By assumption the U.S. military intelligence in 1999, cited a report by the Federation of American Scientists in 2007, they are between 60 and 80. But this is a conservative estimate. More likely number is somewhere between 100 and 250, and some sources speculate 400.
London Institute for Strategic Studies says that Israel has "up to 200" warheads uploaded missiles of short and medium-range Jericho-1 and Jericho-2 . Jane's Information Group, company research and analysis in the field of defense and security, pledge of 300 nuclear warheads, some of which are installed on the new Jericho-3 intercontinental ballistic missile with a range of 4,500 km. (Covering all of Europe, plus Iceland and half Asia). This close nuclear power Israel to France and Britain.
Israeli submarine class "Dolphin", a German production
Photo: EPA / BGNES
Mordechai Vanunu's Photos of the secret facility near Dimona
Closely guarded secret
More than 60 years ago, when the Jewish state constructed its first atomic bomb, Israeli governments refuse to acknowledge (but do not deny) the existence of its nuclear program - the official position of the country is determined for the word "amimut" Hebrew - opacity, ambiguity .
But it's not just non-recognition. Israelis who reveal details of it are threatened by prosecution and a long stay in prison. During 1986 Mordechai Vanunu , a former nuclear technician, sent him photographs made by the Center for Nuclear Research Negev desert, near the town of Dimona, a newspaper Sunday Times in London.
Following the publication of the story, Mossad agents kidnapped him in Rome, where on vacation with his wife, and returned to Israel. There he was sentenced to 18 years in prison, 11 of them - solitary.
Historian Avner Cohen , who before 1998 published scientific work for the Israeli nuclear program - "Israel and the Bomb "- differing from that fate. But when in 2001, he returned to his homeland from the U.S., where he lives, to participate in an academic conference, is under 50-hour interrogation by military intelligence, which is interested in its resources and motivation to write the book.
And in 2002, Isaac James, former Head of the Unit for Research in IDF, received a suspended sentence of two years for the publication of his memoirs. "This whole thing is a nightmare for me. I wake up in the morning with the memory that I was interrogated for espionage. I was told that I was worse than Vanunu and my wife was Mata Hari, "he says.
The great compromise
It all starts at the beginning of the 50s of the 20th century, when the master of the White House Dwight Eisenhower. Worried about the survival of Israel in the face of massive Arab threat and without assurances of Eisenhower, the young Jewish state will fall under the protection of the U.S. nuclear shield, Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, the task his country to acquire their own nuclear weapons.
In the Negev desert was built secret military installation, with the money of wealthy Jews from around the world. France also played a key but secret role - she designs and creates modern refinery deep reactor near Dimona.
Israeli who runs the large-scale operation is Shimon Peres. Today, as president of Israel, he describes with grim words "Iran's nuclear deception." For decades, however, he stubbornly lying allies, the Americans, the nuclear program of their own country, claiming that she developed a small reactor for peaceful purposes.
Hide similar grandiose about the middle of last century project, however, is very difficult, especially for flying high in the atmosphere spy plane U2. At the end of 1958 or 1959 CIA detects the construction of the reactor. They send photos directly to the White House awaiting response command in obtaining more information. In the end, such developments could lead to an arms race in the Middle East. But no answer came. As said later before journalists Siymon Hirsch, one of the then analysts in the intelligence agency, "No one ever came to me on the subject of Israel." Although the agency continues to send regular reports on progress in Dimona, Washington demonstrates a complete lack of interest. "Thank you! This should not be distributed "- roughly, is the attitude of senior management of the United States.
"At the end of 1959," writes Hirsch, "analysts no longer any doubt that Israel does bomb, but the White House is determined to look away."
David Ben Gurion (left) and Dwight Eisenhower (middle)
The reason is obvious: Eisenhower was a strong supporter of the policy of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. Formally If it becomes clear that he is aware of Israel's actions, then we will be forced to react against Tel Aviv. That the U.S. could mean serious political consequences.
Only in December 1960, after his term White House afford it and provide informal information about Dimona and the French participation in the project of leading daily New York Times. Administration naively hoping that this will force the Israelis to sign the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation / NPT / , without itself engaging in formal history.
To their unpleasant surprise, Ben Gurion categorically rejects the truth of the publication. And assures Americans and the Israeli parliament that the reactor in Dimona is quite "friendly". Paris even swears that each milligram of plutonium produced there will be returned immediately to France for storage. Another lie.
Eisenhower, however, has the courage to stand up to Israel and the Jewish lobby in the U.S.. Although CIA data refutation Ben Gurion accepted. This official line, which many described as hypocritical, became part of American politics, even when later presidents argue strongly against the attempts of countries such as India, Pakistan, Libya and Iraq to develop its own bomb.
Even Joe Kennedy, who is also a staunch supporter of nuclear non-proliferation, is forced by domestic political considerations to withdraw its call for full international inspection under UN auspices in Dimona. Instead, he agreed to a compromise: Inspection will be made only by Americans, who must declare their visits well in advance and bring them into line with Israel. Unannounced visits are not allowed. In addition, the reviewers do not have the data from the reports of the CIA.
In April 1963, when Kennedy asked Shimon Peres nuclear intentions of Israel, Peres meets with Prevarication uses today: "I can tell you honestly that we are not the first to introduce nuclear weapons in the region. We have no interest in that. On the contrary, our interest is the tension arms to calm down, even to complete disarmament. "
Five years later, in 1968, the Dimona produce four or five nuclear warheads a year. But when President Lyndon Johnson was informed of this by the CIA, he ordered the chief of the Intelligence Service, Richard Helms, to bury the report . No one else is aware, nor Secretary of State Dean Rusk, Secretary of Defense or Robert McNamara.
Later, although Israel still refuses to sign the NPT, Johnson agrees to arm the Israeli army with modern for that time multipurpose fighter F-4 "Phantom" capable of carrying nuclear weapons.
In fact, the nuclear ambitions of Israel frightening: they direct its nuclear bombs to Egypt or Syria and the Soviet Unio h. And do everything possible to understand that Moscow. Presumption of Israeli leaders is that Cairo and Damascus would never dare to start a war against Israel without the support of the Russians, who are their ally and the main source of weapons.
This assumption may be proved right in 1973 According to Hirsch, after Egypt and Syria carry out a surprise attack, overcoming Israeli defense, Prime Minister Golda Meir issued an order to bring the nuclear arsenal in readiness. Warned of Israeli intentions in Moscow immediately ordered the Egyptians to withdraw. At the same time Nixon and Kissinger - informed about nuclear deployment by Israelis themselves - agree a massive air operation for emergency supplies of weapons and ammunition for the Israeli Army.
Even after those events that almost caused a nuclear apocalypse, Kissinger remains silent on the issue. And when Egyptian President Sadat stated that Israel has nuclear weapons, Shimon Peres again categorically rejects the accusations.
This led to the September 21, 1979 (in power in Washington, Jimmy Carter) when spy satellite detected two bright flashes over the southern Indian Ocean - the result of a nuclear explosion. The test was conducted jointly by Israel and the apartheid regime of South Africa.
Once again put Washington's discovery to complex dilemma - Carter also defended the policy of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. If Israel declared nuclear state, but does not take sanctions against it will be declared a hypocrite. But, as always, standing against the Jewish state would mean serious domestic problems. Again, the administration hides the Oval Office of the truth. As Hirsch writes, "the important thing is the U.S. president does not know what they need to know."
This policy of turning a blind eye and openly denying the obvious fact that Israel has nuclear weapons continues to this day. Israeli journalists can write about nuclear power in his country, if cited publications from foreign sources. From this "cold" seems to suffer and all other media in the western world - how often when listening to news about the Iranian nuclear threat, the authors make a comparison with the holdings of Israeli nuclear weapons? This is not trivial, because no matter how crazy (as some of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announced), well you would think before you press the nuclear button, if you know your enemy has the same weapon. This is exactly one of the main reasons that we all lived through the Cold War - the deterrent factor.
In his recent book "Poorly kept secret: Israel's bargain bomb" Avner Cohen told a meeting in September 1969 between Richard Nixon and Golda Meir (pictured) on the Israeli nuclear program '
"There is no written records or verbal evidence of what happened during the meeting, so that the talks between the two leaders are wrapped in mystery. In retrospect, we could say that it was at this meeting is born "amimut" as a strategic position, each supported by Israel and the United States. It is the birthplace of the transaction. "
Now, Israel threatens to bomb Iranian nuclear sites, although according to U.S. intelligence Tehran is still far from the stage where he could assemble a nuclear warhead.
In one of his speeches on the subject, President Barack Obama said that a "nuclear Iran" would jeopardize the interests of Israel, but for the security of the United States. "A nuclear Iran would undermine the largely non-proliferation regime that we have built so difficult. It is almost certain that other then the region will do everything possible to gain nuclear weapons, and thus start an arms race in one of the riskiest places on the planet , "said Barack Obama. In his speech, however, had a word for the nuclear arsenal of Israel or his firm refusal to join the NPT. Did he do an American president public recognition of these facts?
August 22, 2012 Distrubutsionen center for the distribution of gas masks in Tel Aviv. Israeli authorities have begun replacing old with new gas masks in a time when the tensions of a possible conflict with Iran grows.
Photo: EPA / BGNES
Obama promised to keep quiet
No, there is no reason to expect that the current will be the first. Quite the contrary. According to the authoritative newspaper Washington Times , which is close to the U.S. intelligence services and often publishes the information "leaked" from there, even Obama has signed a secret agreement not to disclose details of Israel's nuclear program and not let it become subject to international inspections . According to anonymous sources, the newspaper, the American president has made this commitment even during his first meeting with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu at the White House in May 2009
Smail Netanyahu, unintentionally or not, "empty" in an interview on Israeli TV Channel 2 and diplomatic style confirms that a deal has. Asked if the speech Barack Obama told the UN General Assembly in which he announced that he would work for a world without nuclear weapons, applies to Israel, Prime Minister replied: "It was clear from the context of the statement that he talks about North Korea and Iran. But I want to remind you that even during his first meeting with President Obama in Washington, and received from him a tangible piece of strategic agreements that existed for many years between Israel and the U.S. on this issue. Not surprisingly asked that this document and coincidentally got it. "
The big question after all - regardless of the different views on the right of Israel and Iran to have nuclear weapons - is how politicians, journalists or anyone, can seriously discuss the current crisis with Iran after a key part of the discussion, a formal hidden from the public? How Washington and Tel Aviv are dealing with proposals for "a nuclear-free Middle East" after refusing to recognize that this region is not "free" ones - and was not in the last 50 years? At a time when Israel lobby, supported by the Republican Party, exercising increasing pressure on Washington to support the firm stance of Netanyahu on Iran, perhaps the time has come secret deal of silence to be revised. This will not change much. The regime in Tehran is bad enough and open his threats towards Tel Aviv only worsen things, and countries such as Britain, France and Saudi Arabia are determined to prevent him from becoming a nuclear power. But the public recognition that Israel is also part of the nuclear club will at least remove from the shoulders of U.S. gravity of the charges in the event of a double standard. And Israel - the mask of hypocrisy and secrecy.
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We Thank Thee, O AIPAC Media - For Pointing At JFK's Killer in all Directions but Home (Israel)